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National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy [ NDSAP 2012 ]


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National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy [ NDSAP 2012 ] by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, IAS, Joint Secretary, DeitY

Published in: Data & Analytics

National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy [ NDSAP 2012 ]

  1. 1. National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy [ NDSAP 2012 ] Dr. Rajendra Kumar, IAS Joint Secretary, DeitY
  2. 2. Agenda • Digital India Programme- Introduction • Need for Open Data • Benefits from Open Data • Objectives of NDSAP • Implementing NDSAP • Implementation by states • Way Forward
  3. 3. D I G I T A L I N D I A Digital India A programme to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy
  4. 4. D I G I T A L I N D I A What is Digital India?  Digital India is a Programme to prepare India for a knowledge future.  The focus is on being transformative – to realize IT + IT = IT  The focus is on making technology central to enabling change.  It is an Umbrella Programme – covering many departments.  It weaves together a large number of ideas and thoughts into a single, comprehensive vision so that each of them is seen as part of a larger goal.  Each individual element stands on its own. But is also part of the larger picture.  It is coordinated by DeitY, implemented by the entire government.  The weaving together makes the Mission transformative in totality  The Programme:  Pulls together many existing schemes.  These schemes will be restructured and re-focused.  They will be implemented in a synchronized manner.  Many elements are only process improvements with minimal cost.  The common branding of programmes as Digital India highlights their transformative impact.
  5. 5. D I G I T A L I N D I A Vision of Digital India Centered on 3 Key Areas • Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen • Governance & Services on Demand • Digital Empowerment of Citizens
  6. 6. D I G I T A L I N D I A Vision Area 1: Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen • High speed internet as a core utility • Cradle to grave digital identity -unique, lifelong, online, authenticable • Mobile phone & Bank account enabling participation in digital & financial space • Easy access to a Common Service Centre • Shareable private space on a public cloud • Safe and secure Cyber-space
  7. 7. D I G I T A L I N D I A • Seamlessly integrated across departments or jurisdictions • Services available in real time from online &mobile platform • All citizen entitlements to be available on the cloud • Services digitally transformed for improving Ease of Doing Business • Making financial transactions electronic & cashless • Leveraging GIS for decision support systems & development Vision Area 2: Governance & Services On Demand
  8. 8. D I G I T A L I N D I A • Universal Digital Literacy • Universally accessible digital resources • All documents/ certificates to be available on cloud • Availability of digital resources / services in Indian languages • Collaborative digital platforms for participative governance • Portability of all entitlements through cloud Vision Area 3: Digital Empowerment of Citizens
  9. 9. D I G I T A L I N D I A Nine Pillars of Digital India 1. Broadband Highways 2. Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity 3. Public Internet Access Programme 4. E-Governance – Reforming government through Technology 5. eKranti – Electronic delivery of services 6. Information for All ElectronicsManufacturing 7. Electronics Manufacturing – Target NET ZERO Imports 8. IT for Jobs 9. Early Harvest Programmes
  10. 10. D I G I T A L I N D I A Pillar 6. Information for All  Online Hosting of Information & documents  Citizens have open, easy access to information  Open data platform  Government pro-actively engages through social media and web based platforms to inform citizens   2-way communication between citizens and government  Online messaging to citizens on special occasions/programs  Largely utilise existing infrastructure – limited additional resources needed
  11. 11. Need for Open Data • Data are valuable resources that should be made publicly available to ensure that their potential value is realized • Increasing demand by community that data should be made more readily available to all to enable better decision making • Large volumes of data assets generated using public funds are not accessible for planning & developmental needs • Inaccessible data becomes a non performing asset • Even in areas where there are no restrictions, lack of Interoperability of data gathered without standardized formats pose challenges
  12. 12. Data Sharing and Accessibility helps… Collaboration Participation Transparency Means different things to different groups… • Democracy advocates seek more input in decisions • Citizen seek info about them, for them • Entrepreneurs seek data to build tools that support consumers with useful info/data • Academics seek information for research and development
  13. 13. Who Benefits from Open Data? Open Data is an ecosystem A government org publishes data Citizens & developers engage it, providing feedback That govt. org incorporates feedback, improving data Demonstrable use inspires that govt. org to publish more More data attracts more data consumers Positive interaction inspires more governments to follow suit 1 2 34 5 6 Where government and citizens get into intelligent interactions based on equal knowledge
  14. 14. Benefits of Data Sharing Policy • Maximizing Usage • Access to Open Data will maximise usage • Avoiding duplication • Sharing data will avoid duplication • Maximized integration • Common standards for collection & transfer will promote integration of data sets • Ownership • Identifies those responsible for implementation and development of data standards • Better decision-making • Ready access to data is essential for sound decision making • Equity of access • Open Data policy ensures better access to all bonafide users.
  15. 15. What Does National Data Sharing and Access Policy Attempt? • Make non-sensitive data generated with public funds available for legitimate civil society use without restrictions • RTI act provides information as reactive response • NDSAP tries to provide proactive access in public domain • Defines exclusion principle & prepares negative lists • Data outside negative list should be accessible • Data owners are expected to define negative lists within stipulated time frame
  16. 16. Objective of the NDSAP To facilitate “Availability and access to data and information available in machine readable form through a network all over the country in an obligatory and time bound output oriented manner, not violative of national security and policy, thereby permitting a wider use and accessibility of public data and information.”
  17. 17. Scope of the Policy • The Policy is designed so as to apply to all sharable non-sensitive data available either in digital or analog forms but generated using public funds by various Ministries / Departments / Subordinate Offices / Organizations / Agencies of Government of India • The NDSAP is designed to promote data sharing and enable access to Government of India owned data for national planning and development
  18. 18. Principles of Data Sharing and Accessibility Openness, Flexibility, Transparency, Legal conformity, Protection of intellectual property, Formal Responsibility, Professionalism, Interoperability, Quality, Security, Efficiency, Accountability, Sustainability, Privacy DST was identified as nodal department to coordinate NDSAP DIT was identified as nodal department for its implementation
  19. 19. • data freely available Open / Sharable • data easy to use and re-useAccessible • data easy to findSearchable National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy
  20. 20. Data Classification • Different types of data sets generated both in geospatial and non-spatial form by different Ministries / Departments are to be classified as shareable data and non-shareable data.
  21. 21. Data Classification: Types of Access • Open Access Data: Access to data generated from public funding should be easy, timely, user-friendly and web-based without any process of registration/authorization. • Registered Access: Data sets which are accessible only through a prescribed process of registration / authorization by respective departments / organizations will be available to the recognized institutions / organizations / public users, through defined procedures. • Restricted Access: Data declared as restricted, by Government of India policies, will be accessible only through and under authorization.
  22. 22. Negative list • Negative List will be prepared by each Organization/Department/ Ministry/ taking into account the security, privacy, IPR etc. • The Negative List has to be constantly reviewed so that it is realistic and is in tune with the technology. • Lessons from global experiences could be used to prepare “negative” lists Examples include: • Data relating to national sensitivity • Trade secrets and intellectual property rights • Protection of rare, threatened or endangered species
  23. 23. Negative List • The Negative List would to be constantly reviewed so that it is realistic and is in tune with the technology. • An oversight committee is constituted to review the negative list and also any other issues that arise with regard to data
  24. 24. Legal Aspects • Access to data under this policy will not be in violation of any Acts and rules of the Government of India in force. • Legal framework of this policy will be aligned with various Acts and rules covering the data including RTI and Privacy Acts. • The items excluded in the RTI Act will become part of the Negative List. • No violation of any existing laws such as IPR, Copy Right and proposed Privacy Law.
  25. 25. Pricing of Registered Data Access • The concept envisaged is a process of access to the data sharing website via a registration process for any and all users, wherein a user may sign up, after which he is assigned an account through which he may view selected data sets at a price fixed by the concerned ministries / departments • will act as a gateway to the user for online data downloading from respective participating agency servers
  26. 26. Milestones • 12000+ datasets on • 82 Central Ministries and State Departments are participating • 92 Data Controllers appointed by Central Govt. • 5 States have appointed data controllers • 25+ resource apps realized on open government data • 6 State government departments participating in uploading State data on the national portal
  27. 27. NDSAP Implementation To implement NDSAP, Ministries/Departments need to undertake the following activities: a. Nominate Data Controller b. Setup NDSAP Cell c. Identify Datasets d. Prepare Negative List e. Publish Datasets on Data Portal f. Create Action Plan for regular release of datasets on the Data Portal India g. Monitor and Manage the Open Data Programme of the Department
  28. 28. Involvement of States • Consultative Meets with the States – Role of State Government – Importance of Data Sharing among stakeholders • Adoption and Implementation of the State Policy for data sharing • Identification of Key partners in the States
  29. 29. Participation of State Governments in the Data Sharing Policy States which plan to adopt the State Policy 1. Uttar Pradesh 2. Haryana 3. Rajasthan 4. Goa States which adopted the State Policy 1. Madhya Pradesh [State Policy approved by State Cabinet] 2. Chhattisgarh [NDSAP adopted ]
  30. 30. Contribution of datasets of States on national portal 1. Tamil Nadu 2. Meghalaya 3. Karnataka 4. Chhattisgarh States which have identified data controllers 1. Meghalaya 2. Karnataka 3. Chhattisgarh 4. Arunachal Pradesh 5. Madhya Pradesh
  31. 31. Way Forward • Govt. of India: – Appoint data controllers – More pro-active steps to open data sets – Adopt common standards for opening data sets • States: – Adopt a data sharing policy – Open data sets on
  32. 32. Thank You!