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Patenting Artificial Intelligence and Internet of Things related Inventions. Andrea Perronace, Jacobacci & Partners SpA

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Patenting Artificial Intelligence and Internet of Things related Inventions. Andrea Perronace, Jacobacci & Partners SpA

  1. 1. 1/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Patenting Artificial Intelligence and Internet  of Things related Inventions Andrea Perronace, PhD  Partner European Patent Attorney  Jacobacci & Partners
  2. 2. 2/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Disclaimer The views and opinions expressed in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official position of the European Patent Office (EPO) or European Patent Institute (epi).
  3. 3. 3/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Basic requirements for granting a Patent Eligibility: a priori exclusion by the law Patentability: requirements vis-à-vis the prior art Absolute novelty Non- obviousness
  4. 4. 4/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Non‐eligible: Implements only a  mathematical method and  encompasses execution as a  pure mental act ‐ T914/02 Software eligibility at EPO
  5. 5. 5/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions The invention must have a technical character, i.e. a technical  teaching, that is an instruction addressed to a skilled person as  to how to solve a particular technical problem using particular  technical means.  The word “technical” is however not definable (G 3/08). The invention must bring a further technical effect when  running on a computer, normal currents are not enough  Software eligibility at EPO – cont’d General guidance and case‐by‐case assessment
  6. 6. 6/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Technical problems:  Controlling an X‐ray apparatus  Optimising load distribution in  a computer network  Image denoising  Compression of audio, image,  video or sensor data  Encrypting/decrypting   electronic communications Technical means:  Sensors, ports, CPU’s  Data from physical sensors  Data transmission means (internet, optical fibers)  Visualization devices  Actuators, e.g. motors, arms,  transducers  Applied algorithms Software eligibility at EPO – cont’d
  7. 7. 7/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Not always clear whether a feature is technical  or non‐technical: – may depend on context – to be decided in the course of examination T641/00 Eligibility vs. Patentability (EPO)
  8. 8. 8/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions  Use of devices  Specific data  Input parameters correlated  to acquisition means  Image processing   Not a mental act only  Physical output quantities  Further technical effect I F O Educational example in software/IoT patenting Provided with technical character  eligible (and eventually patentable as well)
  9. 9. 9/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Case I F O Eligible T229/00 Endosonics Ultrasound  image  Removal of blind  spots by specific  signal amplification  and processing Ultrasound  image  without blind  spots  YES (inv.) T1188/04  SHARP Pointer device  manipulating icons Change processing conditions for the  file ass. to first icon Differently  processed  file YES (inv) T598/07  Cardionetics Sensor data, n‐ dimensional  vectors Neural network for  classification heart  cycles  Abnormal  heart cycles  diagnosis YES (inv.) Examples from case law – Processing and AI
  10. 10. 10/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Some statistics on software patents in USA (**) © patentlyGerman (**) (*) (*) (*)
  11. 11. 11/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions A fairly well‐defined and stable jurisprudence at EPO Unstable Guidelines and jurisprudence at USPTO EPO as a model followed in other jurisdictions (e.g. China) Global number of software‐related patents increasing Need for thoughtful drafting and prosecution strategy Patenting AI and IoT today ‐ Conclusions
  12. 12. 12/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions AI‐aided inventions Personality, Copyright, Licensing AI‐generated inventions Ownership, Filing,  Reduction to Practice AI‐based equivalence Black Box, Formulae,  Distillation AI‐performed patent  assessment Prior art, Infringement,  Evaluation AI and IoT Patenting Futurology 
  13. 13. 13/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Providing a clear provision of law regarding Inventorship Providing a clear provision of law regarding Ownership  of AI‐generated inventions Setting new standards for prior art assessment  Defining specific patentability requirements for AI and  Big Data Assessing ethical issues AI and IoT patenting futurology ‐ Actions
  14. 14. 14/1322/05/2018 © 2018 - Andrea Perronace Patenting AI and IoT related Inventions Andrea Perronace. European patent attorney. Andrea received a master’s degree in Physics in Rome and a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry in Paris, and has worked for the European Commission in Brussels. Experienced in patent and design prosecution and litigation, he is epi ICT Thematic Group full member involved in EPO Guidelines Group as well. aperronace@jacobacci.com

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