XX century: FAMOUS PEOPLE of the UK Made by Dasha Reznikova.
Famous Political Figures Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965)Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchillwas a British politician and author, bestknown as Prime Minister of the UnitedKingdom during the Second World War.Churchill was famous for his stubbornresistance to Hitler during the darkesthours of the Second World War.After winning the Second World War, hewas shocked to lose the 1945 generalelection to a resurgent Labour party. But,under the Conservatives he returned topower in the 1950 election - accepting muchof the post war consensus and end of theBritish Empire.
Margaret Thatcher (1925-still alive)Margaret Thatcher was Britains firstfemale prime minister, who became apivotal figure in British and worldpolitics.Mrs Thatcher was elected Prime Ministerin the Conservative landslide of 1979.She was successful in reducinginflation, deflationary monetary policiescaused a serious economic recession,in which unemployment rose to 3million.The remaining years of her premiershipwere overshadowed by hercontroversial and dogmatic decision tostick with the poll tax.
Famous HumanitariansPrincess Diana (1991-1997)She was admired for her groundbreakingcharity work.Her natural sympathy and oneness withpatients was much admired. In 1987,Princess Diana was one of the first wellknown celebrities to be photographed witha victim of AIDS.This was important inchanging attitudes to the disease. At the time,many thought the disease could be contactedby touch alone.Another of her high profile charities, was herinvolvement in the campaign to banlandmines. In January 1997, she visited minefields in Angola to inspect the clearing oflandmines.
Famous Artists David Hockney (1937-still alive)David Hockney became one of Britains mostcelebrated artists. He became seen as a leadingfigure of the pop art movement - though it wasa title he was not keen on.Many of his works are autobiographical innature. They are reflective and often abstract,quite different in style to the realist painters ofthe Old Masters.He retained a close connection to his nativein Yorkshire. In 1989, he painted a largescale piece 48" * 120" on Salts Mill, Saltaire,Yorks.
Famous Military Douglas Haig (1861-1928)Douglas Haig was a Scottish soldier whorose through the ranks of the British Army tooverall commander of the British Army on theWestern Front during the later years of WorldWar One.He has come to symbolise, fairly of unfairly,much of the popular impression of bunglinggenerals responsible for sending troops overthe top during the bitter trench fighting of thewar.After the war, General Haig was made 1stEarl Haig and helped organize the RoyalBritish Legion for the care of ex-servicemen.
Famous WritersGeorge Orwell (1903–1950)George Orwell has proved to be one of thetwentieth century’s most influential and thoughtprovoking writers. His relatively small numbersof books have created intense literary andpolitical criticism.The two great novels of Orwell were “AnimalFarm” and “1984”. Animal Farm is a simpleallegory for revolutions which go wrong, basedprimarily on the Russian revolution.
Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963)C.S. Lewis was an author, essayist andChristian apologist. He is best knownfor his childrens classic series - TheChronicles of Narnia.C.S.Lewis died a few years later in1963 from renal failure. His deathoccurred on same date as theassassination of J.F. Kennedy.Since his death, his books andinfluence have continued to grow. Hehas been rated as one of the topEnglish writers of all time and his bookshave been translated into numerouslanguages.
Beatrix Potter (1866-1943)Beatrix Potter became one of the bestselling children’s author of all time.Devoted to her beloved lake district, shealso donated over 4,000 acres of Lakefarmland to the National Trust.Potter wrote 23 books. Some of her bestknow titles include:· The Tale of Peter Rabbit (1902) · The Tale of Squirrel Nutkin (1903) · The Tailor of Gloucester (1903) · The Tale of Benjamin Bunny (1904) · The Tale of Two Bad Mice (1904) · The Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-Winkle (1905) · The Tale of the Pie and the Patty-Pan(1905) · The Tale of Mr. Jeremy Fisher (1906) · The Story of A Fierce Bad Rabbit(1906)
Famous MusiciansJohn Lennon (1940-1980)John Lennon was a key member of theBeatles. He went on to have a distinguishedsolo career, and became an icon of the1960s counter-culture revolution.In 1969 the Beatles had started to split up; itwas John Lennon who was the main factorbehind this. After 1970, John Lennoncreated a very successful solo career, oftenwith the help of his second wife, Yoko Ono. John Lennon was shot dead in 1980, byDavid Chapman – an obsessed fan. Thedeath shocked the world, both musical andnon musical.
Cliff Richard (1940-still alive) Cliff Richard is one of the UKs most durable pop / rock stars gaining number one hits over five decades. He has sold over 260 million records and has achieved 14 numbers ones in 5 consecutive decades - 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s.Outside of music, Cliff is involved in numerouscharities and foundations. He donates 10% ofhis income to charities, preferring charitiesinvolved research into better medicaltreatment.He has also been involved in several films, ofwhich, The Young Ones (1961) is perhapsbest known.
Bob Geldof (1951- still alive)In 1975, Bob Geldof became the lead singer ofthe Boomtown rats a punk rock band. By 1978,they had achieved their first UK hit single RatTrap and later achieved a second hit with IDont like Mondays.In 2005, he organised a Live 8 concert,coinciding with the Make Poverty Historycampaign. He sought the co-operation ofleading G8 leaders such as Tony Blair to writeoff third world debt.He remains a powerful figurehead formotivating Western attitudes to pay moreattention to the problems and challenges of thepoorest parts of the world.Bob Geldof was knighted in 1986 and is oftenaffectionately known as Sir Bob
Paul McCartney (1942- still alive)Paul McCartney was a key member of theBeatles and also pursued a very successfulsolo career. According to the Guinness book ofrecords he is the best selling artist of all time.After the break up of the Beatles, PaulMcCartney successful pursued a new careerpath forming a new band - The Wings and alsorecording many solos such as the most coveredsong of all time - Yesterday. The Mull of Kintyreperformed by the Wings was the first single tosell more than 2 million.Paul McCartney has produced over 60 golddiscs and has sold over 100 million singles.
Famous ActorsSir Alec Guinness (1914- 2000) Alec Guinness was one of the most formidable and versatile actors of the post war period. Appearing in roles as diverse as Fagan in Oliver Twist, to the greatest Ealing comedies, and to Ben Obi Won Kenobe in Star Wars, Alec Guinness was much loved for his commanding performances - rich in diversity and depth of character. Unlike some actors, Alec Guinness was a master of disguise. He could fit into different characters so well, one felt one was watching a particular character - rather than watching the famous actor - Alec Guinness. He was knighted in 1959 and died 5 August 2000, aged 86. He was survived by his wife and one son.
Audrey Hepburn (1929-1993)After several minor roles in films suchas The Lavender Hill Mob, Audrey was chosen to play Gigi a hit West end play. Shewas given an award by the Theatre world forbest debut performance. Her first filmwas Secret People in 1952.Although she was one of Hollywood’s greatstars of the 1950s and 1960, she didn’t allowher fame to go to her head; often she wouldbe quite happy to stay at home with herfamily. Her son wrote a moving tribute to hismother in this books “Audrey Hepburn, anElegant Spirit: A son remembers”.After returning from Somalia in 1992 AudreyHepburn developed cancer of the colon. Thedisease proved to be untreatable in January1993 she died in Switzerland aged 63.
Richard Attenborough (1923-still alive)Richard Attenborough is an important andiconic British actor, director and later filmproducer. Some of his films have becomeclassics of British cinema and capturedthe mood of the nation.Early films of Richard Attenboroughincluded:In Which We Serve (1942)A Matter of Life and Death (1946)Brighton Rock (1947)Richard was knighted in 1976 and madea life peer in 1993 as BaronAttenborough.