What is diabetes

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What is diabetes

  1. 1. Dary Woznack Health 195
  2. 2. objectives <ul><li>Define diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the 2 types of diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the common symptoms of each type </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare cost to care for diabetes </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Diabetes is an epidemic </li></ul>
  4. 4. National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011 by the CDC (based on US populations) <ul><li>25.8 million or 8.3% Americans have diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>18.8 million people have been diagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately 7.0 million people have not been diagnosed or unaware of the disease </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 79 million adults have prediabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 215,000 young people (under 20 years old) had diabetes in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf . Retrieved March 15, 2011. </li></ul>
  5. 5. National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011 by the CDC “continued” <ul><li>Diabetes is: </li></ul><ul><li>the 7 th leading cause of death </li></ul><ul><li>a major cause of heart disease and stroke </li></ul><ul><li>leading cause of : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney failure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-traumatic lower-limb amputations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New cases of blindness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortened lifespan by 10 - 15 yrs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf . Retrieved March 15, 2011. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Break Down of Diabetes <ul><li>Type 2 comprises 90‐95% </li></ul><ul><li>Typically in adults who are overweight or obese </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1 comprises 5-10% </li></ul><ul><li>Typically in children and young adults </li></ul><ul><li>But, it can occur at any age </li></ul>
  7. 7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s definition <ul><li>“ Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, resulting from defect in insulin production, insulin action, or both” </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes fact sheet: general </li></ul><ul><li>information and national estimates on diabetes in the United States, 2007. Atlanta, </li></ul><ul><li>GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention, 2008. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Previously called <ul><li>Type 1 </li></ul><ul><li> IDDM, or juvenile diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 </li></ul><ul><li> NIDDM or adult onset </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ Misleading and Outdated Names” <ul><li>“Borderline diabetes” </li></ul><ul><li>“On the border” </li></ul><ul><li>“A touch of sugar” </li></ul><ul><li>“A little high” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Which ethnic groups are more at risk? <ul><li>Type 2 diabetes are more prevalence with: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>African American </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanic/Latino </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pacific Islander </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Type 1 diabetes are more prevalence with: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European American </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non‐white populations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes: Successes and opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>for population‐based prevention and control: At a glance, 2009. Accessed 2/28/09. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cost of Diabetes Care (US,2007) <ul><li>Direct medical costs = $116 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect costs = $ 58 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Total costs = $ 174 billion </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf . Retrieved March 15, 2011 </li></ul>
  12. 12. In Other Words.. <ul><li>“Medical expenses for people with diabetes are more than two times higher than for people without diabetes” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf . Retrieved March 15, 2011 . </li></ul>

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