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Basics of Welsh Research

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Class taught at the Conference On Family History & Genealogy 2 August 2013 in Provo, Utah.

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Basics of Welsh Research

  1. 1. Basics of Welsh Research
  2. 2. Names John Mary David Margaret Thomas Hannah Evan Matilda William Sarah Edward Elizabeth
  3. 3. Patronymics • Mab or ab or ap = son of • Ferch or verch = daughter of • In South Wales ab or ap was not always used
  4. 4. Examples • Evan Rees ap John • David Thomas Howell • David Williams • Matilda vch John
  5. 5. Naming Pattern
  6. 6. PLACE-NAMES
  7. 7. Jurisdictions Diocese & Parish are critical
  8. 8. Find & Use Detailed Maps
  9. 9. Records in Welsh • Nonconformist records • Chapel histories • Monumental inscriptions • Periodicals
  10. 10. NONCONFORMITY
  11. 11. PARISH REGISTERS
  12. 12. Key Dates in Welsh Family History • 1538 christening, marriage and burial records begin • 1597 Bishop’s transcripts begin • 1754 pre-printed forms for marriages • 1813 pre-printed forms used for christenings & burials • 1837 civil registration • 1841 census records begin, done every ten years
  13. 13. Findmypast.com
  14. 14. Pre 1813 burial (1750)
  15. 15. Post 1813 burial
  16. 16. Marriages
  17. 17. Marriages • Marriages are indexed well and serve as a good finding tool • Get your bearings by using maps – Map of the country • https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Wales – Map of the county showing all parishes • The book Atlas and Index of Parish Registers • Order one of the three maps for Wales at http://www.ihgs.ac.uk/shop/contents/ihgsmaps/ihgsparis hmaps/index.html?action=page&id=2
  18. 18. Start with a marriage index • FindMyPast has many Welsh parish registers at https://www.findmypast.com/ or use FindMyPast for free at a FamilySearch Center • A list of county based indexes is at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Wal es_Marriage_Indexes_Before_1837
  19. 19. Marriages pre 1754
  20. 20. Details to watch for 1754-1837
  21. 21. Post 1836 Parish Register
  22. 22. Some details are the same as before 1837
  23. 23. Some details are new
  24. 24. Christenings Christenings often show: • child’s given name • Father’s name • Mother’s name Sometimes included: • Family residence such as the village, street or farm name • Father’s occupation
  25. 25. Post 1812 parish register christening
  26. 26. Bishop’s Transcript
  27. 27. CIVIL REGISTRATION
  28. 28. David Thomas Howell Death Notice On the 11th inst., aged 75 years, Mr. David Thomas Howell, landlord of the Star Public house, Llanguicke. He was for many years a consistent member of the Independents, and was highly esteemed and beloved by all who knew him.
  29. 29. CENSUS RECORDS
  30. 30. PROBATE RECORDS
  31. 31. RECORD SUPPLEMENTS / SUBSTITUTES
  32. 32. Monumental Inscriptions Supplement other records
  33. 33. Strategies for Success • Kill off your ancestor • Find your ancestor in every census • Always search both the Parish Registers and Bishop’s Transcripts
  34. 34. Strategies for Success • Use indexes • Don’t trust indexes • Watch for patronymics: David Thomas Howell is a clue
  35. 35. Basics of Welsh Research

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