Parentingaftersexualabuse 091129202253-phpapp01

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Parentingaftersexualabuse 091129202253-phpapp01

  1. 1. Parenting after sexualParenting after sexual abuseabuse
  2. 2. Basic InformationBasic Information  Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in Georgia isChildhood sexual abuse (CSA) in Georgia is defines as sexual activity with a child by andefines as sexual activity with a child by an adult, adolescent or a child who is older thanadult, adolescent or a child who is older than the victim.the victim.  1 in 3 woman have experience childhood1 in 3 woman have experience childhood sexual abuse.sexual abuse.  The highest percentage of sexual abuse occurThe highest percentage of sexual abuse occur between the ages of 12 to 17.between the ages of 12 to 17.  All races and ethnicity are equally affected byAll races and ethnicity are equally affected by childhood sexual abuse.childhood sexual abuse.  CSA is commonly committed by a familiarCSA is commonly committed by a familiar member or a person known to the familymember or a person known to the family
  3. 3. Impact of the abuse inImpact of the abuse in ParentingParenting  Mothers with a history of CSA have an extreme fear ofMothers with a history of CSA have an extreme fear of becoming a bad parent themselves.becoming a bad parent themselves.  Mother’s who endure CSA often suffer from high levelsMother’s who endure CSA often suffer from high levels of fear and anxiety about their own children beingof fear and anxiety about their own children being sexually assaulted.sexually assaulted.  Shame and guilt is also associated with mothers whoShame and guilt is also associated with mothers who have experiences CSA.have experiences CSA.  Mothers with a history of CSA avoid asserting theirMothers with a history of CSA avoid asserting their parental power over their children.parental power over their children.  Mothers of CSA have a difficult time establishing clearMothers of CSA have a difficult time establishing clear boundaries for their children (Martsolf & Drauckerboundaries for their children (Martsolf & Draucker 2008).2008).
  4. 4. Impact of the abuse inImpact of the abuse in ParentingParenting  Mothers with a history of CSA are often self-Mothers with a history of CSA are often self- center and lack self esteem.center and lack self esteem.  The lack of self esteem can manifests itself inThe lack of self esteem can manifests itself in the form of an eating disorder, either bulimia orthe form of an eating disorder, either bulimia or anorexia.anorexia.  Mothers with a history of CSA provide littleMothers with a history of CSA provide little emotional support for their children.emotional support for their children.  Mothers with a history of CSA are moreMothers with a history of CSA are more rejecting and less empathic towards theirrejecting and less empathic towards their children.children.
  5. 5. Impact of the abuse inImpact of the abuse in ParentingParenting  The women live with the memory of the abuse theyThe women live with the memory of the abuse they experienced as child and often the memory does notexperienced as child and often the memory does not go away.go away.  Posttraumatic stress disorder is commonly seen inPosttraumatic stress disorder is commonly seen in mothers of CSA.mothers of CSA.  Depression is commonly seen also in this population.Depression is commonly seen also in this population.  CSA leads to an inability to form healthy relationship,CSA leads to an inability to form healthy relationship, with ones own children and also with intimatewith ones own children and also with intimate relationships.relationships.  Healthy attachment between a child and a mother is aHealthy attachment between a child and a mother is a very important part of parenting and often woman withvery important part of parenting and often woman with CSA have postpartum depression.CSA have postpartum depression.
  6. 6. Impact of the abuse inImpact of the abuse in ParentingParenting  The shame and guilt forces women toThe shame and guilt forces women to look for ways to deal with what they arelook for ways to deal with what they are and have experienced and they turn toand have experienced and they turn to substance abuse to cope with the painfulsubstance abuse to cope with the painful memories of the abuse (Kranhe 2000).memories of the abuse (Kranhe 2000).  Alcohol and other illegal drugs act asAlcohol and other illegal drugs act as blocking agents and are used to blockblocking agents and are used to block out the memories of the abuse, but theout the memories of the abuse, but the blockage only last as long as the high.blockage only last as long as the high.
  7. 7. Impact of the abuse inImpact of the abuse in ParentingParenting  Sexual adjustment is a problem seen in woman with aSexual adjustment is a problem seen in woman with a history of CSA.history of CSA.  Early sexual experiences are associated with CSAEarly sexual experiences are associated with CSA (Martsolf & Draucker 2008).(Martsolf & Draucker 2008).  Women with a history of CSA are more likely to takeWomen with a history of CSA are more likely to take part in high risk sexual behaviors, causal sex andpart in high risk sexual behaviors, causal sex and unprotected sex as well (Lemieux & Byers 2008).unprotected sex as well (Lemieux & Byers 2008).  Women with CSA history often have a since ofWomen with CSA history often have a since of shame, guilt and sexual anxiety towards sexual arousalshame, guilt and sexual anxiety towards sexual arousal (Lemieux & Byers 2008).(Lemieux & Byers 2008).  Martsolf and Draucker found prostitution was a majorMartsolf and Draucker found prostitution was a major issue when looking at CSA, because many women didissue when looking at CSA, because many women did not know how to deal with the CSA they experienced.not know how to deal with the CSA they experienced.
  8. 8. Impact of the abuse inImpact of the abuse in ParentingParenting  The research indicates that incest is a majorThe research indicates that incest is a major problem when looking at CSA (Maker &problem when looking at CSA (Maker & Buttenheim 2000).Buttenheim 2000).  Incest allows for CSA to occur within theIncest allows for CSA to occur within the framework of the family unit (Duncan 2004).framework of the family unit (Duncan 2004).  CSA by a family member leads to the offenderCSA by a family member leads to the offender having influence over the victim, which in turnshaving influence over the victim, which in turns affects how the woman will view herself inaffects how the woman will view herself in relation to the CSA experience (Duncan 2004).relation to the CSA experience (Duncan 2004).
  9. 9. Working with Woman ofWorking with Woman of CSACSA  It is important to know if the sexual abuse wasIt is important to know if the sexual abuse was done by a family member, since incest is thedone by a family member, since incest is the most common form of the abuse.most common form of the abuse.  If incest has happened to the parent, then it isIf incest has happened to the parent, then it is a good chance that it is or already has happena good chance that it is or already has happen to their child.to their child.  In working on intervention for parents of incestIn working on intervention for parents of incest it is vital they have a support system and ifit is vital they have a support system and if possible a new environment.possible a new environment.
  10. 10. Signs a mother maySigns a mother may have expereinced CSAhave expereinced CSA  Posttraumatic stressPosttraumatic stress disorderdisorder  Extreme fear ofExtreme fear of becoming a bad parentbecoming a bad parent  Trouble establishing andTrouble establishing and maintaining intimatemaintaining intimate relationshipsrelationships  High risk sexualHigh risk sexual behaviorsbehaviors  causal and unprotectedcausal and unprotected sexsex  prostitutionprostitution  DepressionDepression  Self-centerSelf-center  Lack of self esteemLack of self esteem  Little emotional supportLittle emotional support for their childrenfor their children  Rejection of theirRejection of their childrenchildren  Lack empathy towardsLack empathy towards their childrentheir children  High levels of shameHigh levels of shame and guiltand guilt
  11. 11. Working with Woman ofWorking with Woman of CSACSA  A clear understanding of child development asA clear understanding of child development as well as sexual development in childhood is vitalwell as sexual development in childhood is vital to a parent who has experienced CSA.to a parent who has experienced CSA.  Understanding child development can help theUnderstanding child development can help the parent identify behaviors that are not normalparent identify behaviors that are not normal and behaviors that need to be addressed.and behaviors that need to be addressed.  Psychotherapy has been proven useful inPsychotherapy has been proven useful in dealing with the memories of the sexual abusedealing with the memories of the sexual abuse  The use of such therapy can help an individualThe use of such therapy can help an individual better deal with the memories and cut or evenbetter deal with the memories and cut or even end the use of drugs and alcohol.end the use of drugs and alcohol.
  12. 12. ReferencesReferences  Ducan, K. (2004). Healing from the trauma of childhood sexual abuse:Ducan, K. (2004). Healing from the trauma of childhood sexual abuse: The journey of women.The journey of women. Westport, CT: PragerWestport, CT: Prager http://http:// search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edusearch.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu  Kranhe, B. (2000). Childhood Sexual Abuse and Revictimzation inKranhe, B. (2000). Childhood Sexual Abuse and Revictimzation in Adolesceence andAdolesceence and Adulthood.Adulthood. Journal of Personal and InterpersonalJournal of Personal and Interpersonal LossLoss, 5, 149-165., 5, 149-165. http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.eduhttp://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu  Lemieux, S., & Byers, E. (2008). The Sexual Well-Being of Women WhoLemieux, S., & Byers, E. (2008). The Sexual Well-Being of Women Who Have ExperiencedHave Experienced Child Sexual Abuse.Child Sexual Abuse. Psychology of WomenPsychology of Women QuarterlyQuarterly,, 3232(2), 126-144.(2), 126-144. http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.eduhttp://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu  Maker, A., & Buttenheim, M. (2000). Parenting difficulties in sexual-abuseMaker, A., & Buttenheim, M. (2000). Parenting difficulties in sexual-abuse survivors: a theoretical framework with dual psychodynamic and cognitive-survivors: a theoretical framework with dual psychodynamic and cognitive- behavioral strategies for intervention.behavioral strategies for intervention. PsychotherapyPsychotherapy,, 3737159-170.159-170. http://search.ebscohost.comhttp://search.ebscohost.com  Martsolf. D & Draucker, C. (2008). The Legacy of Childhood SexualMartsolf. D & Draucker, C. (2008). The Legacy of Childhood Sexual Abuse and FamilyAbuse and Family Adversity.Adversity. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 40 (4),Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 40 (4), 333-340.333-340. http://http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edusearch.ebscohost.com.libproxy.troy.edu

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