PEDAGOGY OF ENGLISH
Meaning and Importance of TEACHING AIDS;
Audio-Visual Aids – Kinds and Uses
We remember 20%of what we HEAR
We remember 30%of what we SEE
We remember 50%of what we SEE & HEAR
We remember 90%of what we SAY & DO
Every teacher wants the teaching-learning
process to be effective. Whatever he teaches
should be listened carefully, understood clearly,
learnt properly leaving an everlasting
impression on the mind of the student.
One of the outstanding developments in the
educational technology in recent years is the
increased use of teaching aids in teaching
Teaching aids make the teaching lively as these
have effect on our organs of speech and sight.
According to Joseph J. Weber, our perception
about various things is based:
40% on visual, 25% on audio, 17% on touch, 3%
on taste & smell and 15% on other physical
Good instruction is the foundation of any
educational programme. Teaching aids are a
component of that part of foundation.
- Francis W. Noel
The term teaching aids is made up of 2 words –
Aids: Help; assistance
1) Every individual has the tendency to forget.
Proper use of teaching aids helps to retain more
2) Students can learn better when they are
motivated properly through different teaching
3) Teaching aids develop the proper image when
the students see, hear taste and smell properly.
4) Teaching aids provide complete example for
5) The teaching aids create the environment of
interest for the students.
6) Teaching aids helps to increase the vocabulary of
7) Teaching aids helps the teacher to make learning
permanent and effective.
8) Teaching aids provide direct experience to the
9) A large number of students can be taught at a
time, thus saving much of the time.
10) Helps to cater individual differences.
“Anything by means of which learning process
may be encouraged or carried on through the
senses of hearing or sense of sight.”
- Good’s Dictionary of Education
“Training or educational materials directed at
both the senses of hearing and the sense of
sight, used in classroom instructions, library
collections or the likes”
- Webster Dictionary
PRINTED VISUAL AIDS
The aids which involve the sense of hearing are
called audio aids. For example- gramophone,
radio, tape recorder etc.
The aids which involve the sense of vision are
called visual aids. For example- blackboard,
bulletin board, real objects, flash cards,
newspaper, magazines etc.
AUDIO VISUAL AIDS
PROJECTED AIDS NON- PROJECTED AIDS
Items to be observed is
projected on a screen using
electronic or mechanical
Items to be observed is not
projected on a screen.
For example- slides, filmstrips,
overhead projectors, films
& film projector, epidiascope,
Graphic Aids: pictures, charts,
Display Aids: blackboard,
3D Aids: model, objects,
Equipment Aids: tape recorder,
TV, language laboratory.
Books are said to be ‘Embalmed Minds’ which
preserve the subject matter for centuries. It is
through books that knowledge is passed on to
the new generation.
• Keeps reading material within limits.
•What to teach to a particular class.
•Preparation for examination.
•Develops language skills.
It is the cheapest aid available to the class. It
offers a variety of purposes.
• Language pattern
• Spelling and pronunciation
• Grammar practice
• Note taking
“A picture is worth thousand words”
• Practising language patterns
• Cultural content
• Strokes for writing
• Flash Cards
• Maps and Globes
• Newspapers and magazines
• Used at correct time.
• Meaningful and purposeful
• Simple, cheap and improvised
• Handy and portable
• Large enough to be clearly visible and Legible
• According to mental level
• Interesting and motivating
• Properly organised and presented
Idea/poem/outline........ written on a chart.
A picture depicting idea...... drawn on chart.
Tape recorder..... used for
Difficult words....written on blackboard.
Flash cards.... Used for vocabulary/questions.
Homework..... Written on blackboard
Actual object/picture/scene..... shown.