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Teaching Aids: Meaning and Importance


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Meaning and Importance of Teaching Aids; Audio-Visual Aids - Kinds and Uses

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Teaching Aids: Meaning and Importance

  1. 1. PEDAGOGY OF ENGLISH Meaning and Importance of TEACHING AIDS; Audio-Visual Aids – Kinds and Uses Presented By- Darakhshan Nigar
  2. 2. We remember 20%of what we HEAR We remember 30%of what we SEE We remember 50%of what we SEE & HEAR We remember 90%of what we SAY & DO
  3. 3. Every teacher wants the teaching-learning process to be effective. Whatever he teaches should be listened carefully, understood clearly, learnt properly leaving an everlasting impression on the mind of the student. One of the outstanding developments in the educational technology in recent years is the increased use of teaching aids in teaching learning process.
  4. 4. Teaching aids make the teaching lively as these have effect on our organs of speech and sight. According to Joseph J. Weber, our perception about various things is based: 40% on visual, 25% on audio, 17% on touch, 3% on taste & smell and 15% on other physical experiences.
  5. 5. TEACHING AIDS Good instruction is the foundation of any educational programme. Teaching aids are a component of that part of foundation. - Francis W. Noel The term teaching aids is made up of 2 words – Teaching Aids: Help; assistance
  6. 6. 1) Every individual has the tendency to forget. Proper use of teaching aids helps to retain more concepts permanently. 2) Students can learn better when they are motivated properly through different teaching aids. 3) Teaching aids develop the proper image when the students see, hear taste and smell properly. 4) Teaching aids provide complete example for conceptual thinking.
  7. 7. 5) The teaching aids create the environment of interest for the students. 6) Teaching aids helps to increase the vocabulary of the students. 7) Teaching aids helps the teacher to make learning permanent and effective. 8) Teaching aids provide direct experience to the students. 9) A large number of students can be taught at a time, thus saving much of the time. 10) Helps to cater individual differences.
  8. 8. “Anything by means of which learning process may be encouraged or carried on through the senses of hearing or sense of sight.” - Good’s Dictionary of Education “Training or educational materials directed at both the senses of hearing and the sense of sight, used in classroom instructions, library collections or the likes” - Webster Dictionary
  9. 9. AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS AUDIO AIDS Tape Recorders Radio Linguaphone VISUAL AIDS PRINTED VISUAL AIDS Books Newspapers Magazines NON-PRINTED VISUAL AIDS Blackboard Pictures Maps & Charts Flash cards Models AUDIO- VISUAL Motion Pictures Television
  10. 10. The aids which involve the sense of hearing are called audio aids. For example- gramophone, radio, tape recorder etc. The aids which involve the sense of vision are called visual aids. For example- blackboard, bulletin board, real objects, flash cards, newspaper, magazines etc.
  12. 12. AUDIO VISUAL AIDS PROJECTED AIDS NON- PROJECTED AIDS Items to be observed is projected on a screen using electronic or mechanical device. Items to be observed is not projected on a screen. For example- slides, filmstrips, overhead projectors, films & film projector, epidiascope, television etc For example- Graphic Aids: pictures, charts, maps, posters Display Aids: blackboard, bulletin board 3D Aids: model, objects, globes, specimen Equipment Aids: tape recorder, TV, language laboratory.
  13. 13. Books are said to be ‘Embalmed Minds’ which preserve the subject matter for centuries. It is through books that knowledge is passed on to the new generation. • Keeps reading material within limits. •What to teach to a particular class. •Preparation for examination. •Evaluation •Develops language skills.
  14. 14. It is the cheapest aid available to the class. It offers a variety of purposes. • Language pattern • Spelling and pronunciation • Grammar practice • Vocabulary • Note taking
  15. 15. “A picture is worth thousand words” • Practising language patterns • Vocabulary • Examples • Compositions • Cultural content • Strokes for writing
  16. 16. • Projector • Television • Radio • Tape-Recorder • Flash Cards • Models • Maps and Globes • Newspapers and magazines
  17. 17. • Used at correct time. • Meaningful and purposeful • Simple, cheap and improvised • Handy and portable • Large enough to be clearly visible and Legible • According to mental level • Interesting and motivating • Properly organised and presented
  18. 18. Idea/poem/outline........ written on a chart. A picture depicting idea...... drawn on chart. Tape recorder..... used for recitation/narration. Difficult words....written on blackboard. Flash cards.... Used for vocabulary/questions. Homework..... Written on blackboard Actual object/picture/scene..... shown.