EDWARD II Isabella of France
EDWARD III Philippa of Hainault
Edward “The Black
Joan of Kent
Born: 13 November of 1312
in Widson Castle.
1320: Earl of Chester.
1325: duke of Aquitaine.
only 14 years old when the
murder of his father made him
crowned in January 29, 1327
at Westminster Abbey.
His mother Isabella and Roger Mortimer (mother´s lover)
ruled England for him.
In 1328, Edward married Phillipa of Hanault.They had 13
Edward instigated a palace revolt in 1330 when he was
eighteen years old.
He assumed control of the government.
Mortirmer was executed for murdering his father.
He imprisoned his mother for the rest of her life at Castle
Rising in Norfolk.
Edward III made many laws
regulating the wool trade.
He created the Staple Towns .
The wool produced in the district
was to be sold to foreign merchants.
He made a tax “Customs Duty” On
the export of wool.
In 1353, “Ordinance of the Staple”, which forbade
the selling of wool to foreign buyers except at
certain fixed markets.
THE MANUFACTURE OF CLOTH:
Invited Flemish wool-workers.
Englishman learned from them the arts of
Lower on cloth than on raw wool.
Charles of Valois
Isabella Edward II
Dynastic background for the Hundred Years´ War
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to
The Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France fought for the
control of the French throne.
Many allies of both sides were also drawn into the conflict.
From 1337 until 1341 was a sea-battle off Flemish port.
The French tried to prevent King Edward and his troops
The first great victory of
Both Kings were forced to
make a truce.
Lasted six years.
It took place on 26 August 1346 near Crecy in northem
Commanders and Leaders were:
-Philip Vi of France
-Edward III of England- Edward the Black Prince
An English and Welsh army against an army of French, Bohemians,
Flemings, Germans, Savoyards and Luxemburgers.
Size of the armies:
-England: 12,ooo while France:60,ooo
DECISIVE ENGLISH VICTORY
1347, CALAIS BECOMES AN EXCLAVE OF ENGLAND
In 1355, The Black Prince provoked the French King John to renew
Making a great raid from headquearters at Bordeaux through
In 1356, King John intercepted him near Poitiers.
-Prince prisoner of war, together with a hundred of his knights. He
refused these terms, and prepared for batlle.
19th September 1356, in
-An army of English and
Gascons against the French and
- Hundreds of prisioners were
captured, including King John.
DECISIVE ENGLISH VICTORY.
King John ceded all the former Angevin Empire, but the French
nobles refused to accept Edward as king.
Signed on 25 May 1360, between King Edward III
of England and King John II (the Good) of France.
The French ceded extensive territories
in northwestern France to England and
agreed to ransom John at a cost of three
million gold crowns.
King Edward III renounced his
claim to the French throne.
The treaty failed to establish a
lasting peace, and the war
began again in 1369.
To disentangle the feudal
responsibilities that had caused
so much conflict.
This treaty was ratified on 24
October 1360 at Calais.
The kings abandoned their
rights over the territory they
had yielded to one another
the name given to a disease called the
Killed an estimated 75 to 200 million
people (one of three people died).
swept England and the rest of Europe.
was spread by fleas from black rats.
The statute of Labourers (1351):
-The result was a near immediate labor
-English laborers demanded higher
-Directed against the rise in prices and
-Prohibiting the movement of workers
from their home areas in search of
In 1305, The King of France had induced the Carinals to elect as
Pope a Frenchman who lived at Avingnon in the south of France
instead of at Rome.
THE STATUTE OF PROVISORS (1351):
Forbade the revenues of English benefices to be sent to the pope.
STATUTE OF PRAENUMIRE (1353):
Made it illegal to bring law cases before the papal courts, or to
bring papal bulls into the country without the king´s permission.
A clergyman. Head of an Oxford
Taught that clergy in the
churches ought to returned to
lived as apostles.
The Bible should be translated to
be understood by all.
organized a band of Poor
Edward died aged 45 on 8 June 1376.
Location of death: Westminster, England
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Canterbury Cathedral.
Effigy of the Black Prince. Detail (Canterbury Cathedral)
He died 21 June 1377. (aged 64).
A stroke at Sheen Palace.
SUCCESSOR: His grandson
He made English the official Language of Law and Parliament.
He foster foreign trade. (RAW-WOOL)
He reformed law, improving justice for ordinary people.
He was successful in war, regaining almost a quarter of
With the help of his warrior son “The black Prince” (Black