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Set III - 11 Edward III


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Set III - 11 Edward III

  1. 1. 1327-1377 AD
  2. 2. EDWARD II Isabella of France EDWARD III Philippa of Hainault Edward “The Black Prince” Joan of Kent RICHARD II
  3. 3.  Born: 13 November of 1312 in Widson Castle.  1320: Earl of Chester.  1325: duke of Aquitaine.  only 14 years old when the murder of his father made him king.  crowned in January 29, 1327 at Westminster Abbey.
  4. 4.  His mother Isabella and Roger Mortimer (mother´s lover) ruled England for him.  In 1328, Edward married Phillipa of Hanault.They had 13 children.  Edward instigated a palace revolt in 1330 when he was eighteen years old.  He assumed control of the government.  Mortirmer was executed for murdering his father.  He imprisoned his mother for the rest of her life at Castle Rising in Norfolk.
  5. 5.  Edward III made many laws regulating the wool trade.  He created the Staple Towns .  The wool produced in the district was to be sold to foreign merchants.  He made a tax “Customs Duty” On the export of wool.
  6. 6.  In 1353, “Ordinance of the Staple”, which forbade the selling of wool to foreign buyers except at certain fixed markets.  THE MANUFACTURE OF CLOTH:  Invited Flemish wool-workers.  Englishman learned from them the arts of weaving cloth.  Lower on cloth than on raw wool. STAPLE TOWNS York Lincoln Bristol Winchester
  7. 7. Philip III (1270-1285) Philip IV (1285-1314) Charles of Valois (+1325) Philip VI (1328-1350) Louis X (1314-1316) Philip V (1316-1322) Charles IV (1322-1328) Isabella Edward II EDWARD III Dynastic background for the Hundred Years´ War
  8. 8.  The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453.  The Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France fought for the control of the French throne.  Many allies of both sides were also drawn into the conflict.
  9. 9.  From 1337 until 1341 was a sea-battle off Flemish port.  The French tried to prevent King Edward and his troops landing.  The first great victory of English Navy.  Both Kings were forced to make a truce.  Lasted six years.
  10. 10. (1337-1360)
  11. 11. It took place on 26 August 1346 near Crecy in northem France. Commanders and Leaders were: -Philip Vi of France -Edward III of England- Edward the Black Prince
  12. 12.  Combatants: An English and Welsh army against an army of French, Bohemians, Flemings, Germans, Savoyards and Luxemburgers.  Size of the armies: -England: 12,ooo while France:60,ooo  DECISIVE ENGLISH VICTORY  1347, CALAIS BECOMES AN EXCLAVE OF ENGLAND
  13. 13. Philip VI (1328-1350) John II (1350-2364)
  14. 14.  In 1355, The Black Prince provoked the French King John to renew the war.  Making a great raid from headquearters at Bordeaux through southern France.  In 1356, King John intercepted him near Poitiers.  ARMY WEAKNESS: -Prince prisoner of war, together with a hundred of his knights. He refused these terms, and prepared for batlle.
  15. 15.  19th September 1356, in Western-france.  Combatants: -An army of English and Gascons against the French and their allies.  Consequences: - Hundreds of prisioners were captured, including King John.  DECISIVE ENGLISH VICTORY.
  16. 16.  King John ceded all the former Angevin Empire, but the French nobles refused to accept Edward as king.
  17. 17.  Signed on 25 May 1360, between King Edward III of England and King John II (the Good) of France.  The French ceded extensive territories in northwestern France to England and agreed to ransom John at a cost of three million gold crowns.  King Edward III renounced his claim to the French throne.
  18. 18.  The treaty failed to establish a lasting peace, and the war began again in 1369.  To disentangle the feudal responsibilities that had caused so much conflict.  This treaty was ratified on 24 October 1360 at Calais.  The kings abandoned their rights over the territory they had yielded to one another were signed.
  19. 19.  the name given to a disease called the bubonic plague.  Killed an estimated 75 to 200 million people (one of three people died).  swept England and the rest of Europe.  was spread by fleas from black rats.
  20. 20.  The statute of Labourers (1351): -The result was a near immediate labor shortage. -English laborers demanded higher wages. -Directed against the rise in prices and wages. -Prohibiting the movement of workers from their home areas in search of improved conditions.
  21. 21.  In 1305, The King of France had induced the Carinals to elect as Pope a Frenchman who lived at Avingnon in the south of France instead of at Rome.  ENEMY POPE’???????  THE STATUTE OF PROVISORS (1351): Forbade the revenues of English benefices to be sent to the pope.  STATUTE OF PRAENUMIRE (1353): Made it illegal to bring law cases before the papal courts, or to bring papal bulls into the country without the king´s permission.
  22. 22.  A clergyman. Head of an Oxford college.  Taught that clergy in the churches ought to returned to lived as apostles.  The Bible should be translated to be understood by all.  organized a band of Poor Preachers
  23. 23.  Edward died aged 45 on 8 June 1376.  Location of death: Westminster, England  Cause of death: unspecified  Remains: Buried, Canterbury Cathedral. Effigy of the Black Prince. Detail (Canterbury Cathedral)
  24. 24.  He died 21 June 1377. (aged 64).  A stroke at Sheen Palace.  Old age.  SUCCESSOR: His grandson Richard II
  25. 25.  He made English the official Language of Law and Parliament.  He foster foreign trade. (RAW-WOOL)  He reformed law, improving justice for ordinary people.  He was successful in war, regaining almost a quarter of France.  With the help of his warrior son “The black Prince” (Black armour)