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  1. 1. D A N N Y L I N E L L A N D D E R E K B E R T O L I N I Non-violent protests during the Vietnam War (1964-1973)
  2. 2. Previous Influence  Civil Right’s Movement had been in full force  Many forms of Non Violent protest were used  Students protesting Vietnam got many of their ideas and were greatly influenced by people such as Martin Luther King  Marches during the Civil Right’s Movement: Birmingham gave students belief that they CAN make a difference
  3. 3. Why Were People so Unsupportive of The War?  As war dragged on, so did body count  People began to disapprove for the war more and more  Especially upset about use of chemical weapons and devastating effects the war was taking on the youth of the nation  US began being compared to Nazis  Government lied about death toll and progress being made  Lost public support for war quickly
  4. 4. The Changing 60’s  Student enrollment in schools and universities increased dramatically  An era of a much more knowledgeable and aware youth  “New Left” Era activists, protesters, and people wanting change
  5. 5. “Hey, Hey, LBJ. How Many Kids Did You Kill today?”  President Johnson recruits kids for participation in the war. (aka DRAFT)  Sparked great deal of opposition and anger  Students felt they did not have to participate in a war they did not feel was justified or morally right
  6. 6. Opposition to LBJ
  7. 7. Burning Draft Cards  Draft Cards were publically burnt to express opposition to the draft.  Government responded by making it illegal to destroy draft certificates.  Public responded: United States v. O'Brien  Argued that prohibiting burning draft cards, violated a man’s freedom of speech for he was symbolically expressing himself  Law was not overturned; however, it ignited public awareness in the matter
  8. 8. Opposition to War through Advertisements
  9. 9. Chicago University
  10. 10. National Moratorium March  National March with aims to end the war  Attracted over 500,000 supporters  Form of Non-Violent approach: marched in single file line down Pennsylvania Avenue.  Called out names of dead soldiers as they marched  Marched all the way to the White House  Gained publicity and national attention
  11. 11. Extreme Non Violent Techniques 1965  Norman Morrison  Pacifist  Burned himself to death in public in resentment to the war  Wanted to take a strong stand and attract support in opposition to the war  Two others soon followed him in the form of protest
  12. 12. Non Violent Protests through Music, Drugs, and Love  Counter Culture  Hippies evolved; rejected American values— particularly Vietnam  Drugs, especially hallucinogenic, became a prominent part of the counterculture  Way of expressing a free, nonviolent part of themselves
  13. 13. Woodstock Music Festival  Attracted Hundreds of Thousand from around the world  1969; White Lake, New York  Festival About Much More than Just Music: National Movement For Peace  Woodstock used music as an expression of their feelings, they spoke their rejection and opposition through the music.
  14. 14. 3 Days of Peace and Music
  15. 15. How Non-Violent Was Woodstock?  Over 500,000 people attended and no major fights broke out  Two babies were born over the three day span  Everyone came together as one  Mutual feeling that people had enough of war and just wanted peace
  16. 16. Country Joe And The Fish - Vietnam Song Lyrics  Chorus:  “And it's one, two, three,What are we fighting for ?Don't ask me, I don't give a damn,Next stop is Vietnam;And it's five, six, seven,Open up the pearly gates,Well there ain't no time to wonder why,Whoopee! we're all gonna die”
  17. 17. Woodstock
  18. 18. Non Violent Vietnam Recap  Non Violence came in forms of:  Student Protests  Music, Drugs, Expression  Marches  Suicide  Advertisements  All in All, Public rejection and protests towards activity in Vietnam played a grave role in our retraction from Vietnam
  19. 19. THE END
  20. 20. Bibliography  Bibliography  Websites:  "Anti-Vietnam War Protests." Welcome to Camden High School. http://www.camden- h.schools.nsw.edu.au/pages/Faculties/History/yr10topics/antiviet.htm (accessed November 7, 2010).  "BBC ON THIS DAY | 15 | 1969: Millions march in US Vietnam Moratorium." BBC News - Home. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/15/newsid_2533000/2533131.stm (accessed November 9, 2010).  "Opposition to the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/._involvement_in_the_Vietnam_War (accessed November 9, 2010).  "The Culture." Home - Cedarville University . http://www.cedarville.edu/resource/education/schools/chca/othergrades/sixties/culture.htm (accessed November 9, 2010).  "The Vietnam War protests." Essortment Articles: Free Online Articles on Health, Science, Education & More... http://www.essortment.com/all/vietnamwarprot_rlcz.htm (accessed November 9, 2010).  "Top 10 Protest Songs from the 1960s | Top 10 Lists | TopTenz.net." Top 10 Lists - Top Ten Lists - TopTenz.net. http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-protest-songs-from-the-1960s.php (accessed November 9, 2010).  "Vietnam War / Waging Nonviolence." Waging Nonviolence. http://wagingnonviolence.org/category/history/vietnam-war/ (accessed November 9, 2010).  "Vietnam War Protests." Vietnam War. http://www.vietnam-war.info/protests/ (accessed November 10, 2010).  Pictures:  http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.sjlibrary.org/images/onlineExhibit/vietnam_protest_small.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.glogster.comhttp: www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.spd.org/images/blog/Ramparts%2520Draft%2520Card%2520Dec.%25201967.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.spd. org/2009/10/dugald-stermer-and-ramparts-ma.php  http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=ttp://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/4048/PreviewComp/SuperStock_4048-1902.jpg&imgrefurl=  http://www.superstock.com/stock-photos-images/http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog-imgs-29- origin.fc2.com/s/e/e/seemefeelmeclickme/Hey_Hey_LBJ.jpg&imgrefurl  http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://mymusicrocks.uwcblog.com/files/2008/10/woodstock2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://mymusicrocks.uwcblog.com/20 08/10/  http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=  http://www.sjlibrary.org/images/onlineExhibit/vietnam_protest_small.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.glogster.com/

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