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Working towards an Open Research future - An Institutional Perspective


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This presentation was part of an event organised by Hindawi held at Cambridge Union Society on 23rd June 2016.
14:00-14:15 Keynote #1 Publisher Perspective (Paul Peters, President, OASPA; CEO, Hindawi)
Brief overview of Open Access from a publisher’s perspective. What were the drivers for the conversion to open access, how have they changed, and what are the major open access discussions shaping the future for publishers. What are the broader infrastructural challenges faced by the industry as a whole and how are these being addressed?
14:20-15:10 Panel Discussion #1 Open Access Models
Moderator: Paul Peters
Open Access is evolving into many forms, this panel will look at some of the different models that have developed in this space. It will consider the merits and potential challenges that they present for publishers, institutions and funding bodies.
Sara Grimme, Publishing & Product Director - Heliyon
Matt Day, Head of Open and Data - Cambridge University Press
Lara Speicher, Publishing Manager - UCL Press
15:10-15:25 Keynote #2 Institutional Perspective – (Dr Danny Kingsley)
The challenges of Open Access. What are the obstacles, annoyances and hazards for institutions in making their research output openly accessible? How has the landscape changed over the years, from a “nice to have” option put forward by more activist members of the research community, to an imperative supported by major funder. What steps need to be taken to ensure that, going forward, individual researchers are able to meet accessibility criteria and don’t fall foul of these new guidelines?
15:30 – 15:50 Coffee Break
15:50-16:30 Panel Discussion #2 Publishing Solutions
Moderator: (Dr. Danny Kingsley, University of Cambridge)
How are various stakeholders tackling the challenges outlined above by Dr Kingsley? With a vast number of new funder and institutional requirements increasing the burden on institutions and researchers what can be done to help?
Matt Green, Head of Institutional Membership - Hindawi
Catriona MacCallum - Acting Director of Advocacy at Public Library of Science PLOS
Carolyn Alderson - Deputy Director Jisc Collections
16:30-17:10 Panel Discussion #3 Technology Innovation
Moderator: (Liz Allen, F1000)
How can technology help researchers collaborate effectively online; provide a view on usage and sharing far beyond traditional measures and create an interlinked infrastructure? This panel will look at ways in which technology can support the creation, distribution and discussion around scholarly content.
Ali Smith, Web Developer - Overleaf
Euan Adie, Founder - Altmetric
Geoffrey Bilder - Director Of Strategic Initiatives – CrossRef
17:10-17:20 Closing Remarks

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Working towards an Open Research future - An Institutional Perspective

  1. 1. OSC Office of Scholarly Communication The challenges of Open Access Working towards an Open Research future - An Institutional Perspective Dr Danny Kingsley @dannykay68 Head, Office of Scholarly Communication Cambridge University Library
  2. 2. OSC The OSC has 3 primary responsibilities 1. Meeting funder requirements for Open Access and Research Data Management 2. External outreach focus: – Within the University – Throughout the UK – Internationally (at conferences & workshops) 3. Ensuring the library & research community is up to speed on scholarly communication matters
  3. 3. OSC Opportunities to work collaboratively
  4. 4. OSC What are the obstacles, annoyances and hazards for institutions in making their research output openly accessible? A question
  5. 5. OSC Getting through to the research community Challenge 1
  6. 6. OSC Cambridge research
  7. 7. OSC This is Cambridge’s structure
  8. 8. OSC One School There isn’t room on this slide for the three Institutes that are also associated with this School…
  9. 9. OSC And then there is the administration You Tube Cambridge in Numbers MsM
  10. 10. OSC Irony? Academic independence is sacred at Cambridge
  11. 11. OSC The open access requirements of the different funders are a dog’s breakfast Challenge 2
  12. 12. OSC The policy landscape The MEANS and the TIMING all conflict RCUK – Green & Gold | HEFCE – Green only | COAF – Gold only
  13. 13. OSC What the researcher hears From Bill Hubbard Getting the rights right: when policies collide
  14. 14. OSC Some publishers really are not helping Challenge 3
  15. 15. OSC • Publishers making life difficult – Press embargoes – a threat from the shadows – Half-life is half the story • Payment for hybrid open access – Cambridge expenditure on APCs in 2014
  16. 16. OSC HybridAPCs are very expensive • The average APC levied by hybrid journals is 64% higher than the average APC charged by a fully OA title • The Reckoning: An Analysis ofWellcome Trust Open Access Spend 2013 – 14 (3 March 2015) • The article processing charges for hybrid Open Access were ‘significantly more expensive’ than fully OA journals, ‘despite the fact that hybrid journals still enjoyed a revenue stream through subscriptions’ • Research Councils UK 2014 Independent Review of Implementation (March 2015)
  17. 17. OSC And guess what? • ‘The two traditional, subscription-based publishers (Elsevier and Wiley) represent some 40% of our total APC spend’ • The Reckoning: An Analysis ofWellcomeTrust Open Access Spend 2013 – 14 (3 March 2015) • “Publishers Elsevier andWiley have each received about £2 million in article processing charges from 55 institutions as a result of RCUK’s open access policy’ • ‘Publishers share £10m in APC payments’,Times Higher Education (16April 2015)
  18. 18. OSC The University is doing everything it can to help researchers What steps have we taken?
  19. 19. OSC Our solution
  20. 20. OSC We have had about 50% take-up
  21. 21. OSC • Funders should: – Align their policies – Stop paying for hybrid • Publishers should: – Stop punishing universities for doing the right thing – Make their workflows more transparent – Stop misleading researchers on licenses and other aspects of open access – Stop bullying researchers • The academy should: – Wake up to themselves and take an interest in this – Question how they value and reward their peers What about other solutions?
  22. 22. OSC Dr Danny Kingsley Head, Office of Scholarly Communication Cambridge University Library t: @dannykay68 b: w: Thanks!
  23. 23. OSC • Reliance on publication in fancy-pants journals – Openness, integrity & supporting researchers 7 – What is ‘research impact’ in an interconnected world? 2 Reward system
  24. 24. OSC • Funder policies are sometimes an issue eg: not reflecting disciplinary differences – Is CC-BY really a problem or are we boxing shadows? – Could the HEFCE policy be aTrojan Horse for Gold OA? Policy problems