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Stop Press: Libraries' Role in the Future of Publishing


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This was presented to the SLA2016 conference in Philadelphia on 12 June.
ABSTRACT: Libraries are moving from curators of bought content to providing access to research or industry outputs. This activity can range from the relatively informal process of dissemination through a repository to acting as publishers - through the hosting of research journals, bibliographies and newsletters to the provision of editorial services and advice. This 90 minute Master Class will look at different models of publishing in the library environment with several examples of publishing activity in different libraries. The session will start with a strategic overview of the need for libraries to actively engage in the dissemination of information created by their organisations. The discussion will cover the staffing implications including how to recruit and train for the required skills sets. Attendees will work through some of the issues that need to be considered if a library is interested in publishing, including some of the legal implications and the different software and technical platforms available. Ideas will be workshopped about ways to engage the institutional community and encourage uptake of services on offer. The class aims to provide practical information to allow attendees to make decisions about what services are achievable to offer their clients, both from a technical and a staffing perspective. Attendees who are currently publishing are actively encouraged to participate in the discussion.

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Stop Press: Libraries' Role in the Future of Publishing

  1. 1. OSC Office of Scholarly Communication Stop Press: Libraries' Role in the Future of Publishing Dr Danny Kingsley Head, Office of Scholarly Communication University of Cambridge @dannykay68 Assisted by: NiamhTumelty Librarian, Dept of Engineering University of Cambridge @niamhpage
  2. 2. OSC • The hashtag for this session is #SLA2016 #StopPress • There will be a series of live tweets going out as the session runs so you don’t need to frantically note urls etc. Join in!!
  3. 3. OSC Contents • Who are we? • Changing role of libraries • What is publishing • Staffing implications: recruitment and skill sets • Software, hardware and hosting options • Business plans • Engaging the community and encouraging uptake
  4. 4. OSC Who are we? –
  5. 5. OSC
  6. 6. OSC
  7. 7. OSC Aren’t libraries supposed to be curators? Why are we doing this?
  8. 8. OSC Traditionally Open Web Resources Published licensed materials Research & learning outputs Special Collections & locally digitised materials Many collections Few collections Low stewardship High stewardship Emphasis has been here
  9. 9. OSC • Science 28 April 2016 “Who's downloading pirated papers? Everyone” – downloading-pirated-papers-everyone • Including people who have legal access.The interface is better than the one libraries offer. Threats
  10. 10. OSC Correlation between research hotspots and Sci-Hub use
  11. 11. OSC Which doYOU think is easier? 1. Google article, first page of results is 100% likely to contain PubMed or journal page. 2. Click relevant site. 3. Copy PubMed ID or DOI (digital object identifier; the ‘serial number’ of published online documents) to Sci-Hub main page. 4. Push enter. 5. Read the article. Yes, that’s it. 1. Load library search page. 2. Click ‘journals’ in the OPAC. 3. Enter the name of the journal where the article resides. 4. Select a journal from the list presented. 5. Select a form of access to the journal (often this is provided from different databases, and you need to select the right once. For instance a “Legacy” collection may only access from 1977 to 2001, and a current collection may access from 1991 to present). 6. Insert your institutional login / password. 7. Wait while the hamsters in the proxy server shake off their sawdust, adjust their tiny, adorable trousers and start turning the wheels. 8. Insert the title name in the search bar of the journal, push enter. 9. Hope it works—these have a tendency to either a) reject queries for being too long b) reject queries for not being long enough (i.e. not recognising text you pasted into the search bar), c) throwing an error because you put in a ‘special’ character, such as a semi-colon, colon, question mark, hyphen etc. 10. Click the article if the search works. If not, browse through the journal tree (Year, Volume, Page Number) until you find the right research. Click. Science time. Why Sci-HubWillWin Finding a paper on Sci Hub Institutional library access
  12. 12. OSC And publishers are moving in on our territory See: “Watch out, it's behind you: publishers' tactics and the challenge they pose for librarians” publishers-tactics-and-the-challenge-they-pose-for-librarians
  13. 13. OSC We need to change if we want a future Open Web Resources Published licensed materials Research & learning outputs Special Collections & locally digitised materials Many collections Few collections Low stewardship High stewardship Emphasis needs to be here
  14. 14. OSC This can be seen as a threat or an opportunity “In the digital-world supply chain, where the internet, and not the library, has become the first point of departure for researchers, libraries have been disintermediated, cut out not only of the distribution link in the supply chain but also of establishing what is trustworthy.” the-internet-age-who-decides-what-information-is-trustworthy/
  15. 15. OSC Let’s face it - • We need to diversify to stay relevant – We know about managing content – We have access to material that is generated by our organisations – We have expertise and something to say – We have a relationship with our community
  16. 16. OSC • By moving into a publishing role – We can raise visibility and status of library/information services in the organisation – We can regain control of academic discourse – We can continue the support role Libraries have traditionally provided. • We are in a good position – We can showcase hidden content from our organisation – We have a captive audience - in terms of researchers or staff members – In an academic environment can co-opt the student population Opportunity Image: CC BY-SA 3.0 NY
  17. 17. OSC What are we talking about? • Social media • Newsletters • Journals • Bibliographies • Datasets • Others? When you say publishing…
  18. 18. OSC Academic content derived by the library itself
  19. 19. OSC Internal publications
  20. 20. OSC Social media content created by the library
  21. 21. OSC Infographics and other library promotional material m/p/104975/cambridge-open- access
  22. 22. OSC But you know what – that *is* real publishing. You are doing it already! I thought this session was about *real* publishing
  23. 23. OSC Real publishing - theses and grey literature
  24. 24. OSC Real publishing – rescuing academic content From this: • No digital indexing • No preservation • Unstable webpage To this: • Full digital indexing • Download statistics • DOIs for all items • Sustainable archiving
  25. 25. OSC Or super serious publishing ANU scholarly information services 2015 annual report -
  26. 26. OSC Spectrum running from providing: Advice to authors A platform for material produced elsewhere Copyediting and indexing services Full coordination of review and editorial Publishing means many different things
  27. 27. OSC Time to vote again
  28. 28. OSC There are a few things to consider: Business Case Staffing Infrastructure Marketing If you are considering setting up a full publishing service
  29. 29. OSC • The hashtag for this session is #SLA2016 #StopPress • We want to build some shared resources. – Tweet links to resources on ‘Library as Publisher’ – Tweet links to some good examples you know about (including your own!) • If you have examples you want to share please come up to a microphone Join in!!
  30. 30. OSC • You will need high level buy in • Business Plan – essential – Mission, how will it benefit your institution – What are your plans what to publish over what period – What staff and resources might we need – What is the governance structure like? – Risk analysis – you may be up against established publishers of long standing – What is the market and demand? Considerations and Planning Image: David Nicholas is licensed under CC BY 2.0
  31. 31. OSC • SPARC Europe: ‘Business PlanToolkit - Publishing an OpenAccess Journal’ content/uploads/2016/01/BusinessPLAN_OAJ ournals_0116.pdf Helpful
  32. 32. OSC Money! – How sustainable is this? • Costs – Staff – Production costs (copy editing, typesetting and design) – Marketing – Infrastructure – PoD – cost of sale for retail discount or commission • Revenue – Print sales – Subscription – Membership – Grants/support from organisation. Is this secure? Image: CC-BY
  33. 33. OSC Who and what do we need to make it happen? But how do we go about this? Image: Marc Wathieu (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  34. 34. OSC Providing advice • You can do this stuff right now: – Support with getting materials indexed – Abstracting services – Advice on third party copyright – Advice on legal deposit – Advice on licences e.g. Creative Commons – Advice on access models: green/gold/hybrid/paywall
  35. 35. OSC • Someone has to do some of this at some stage: – Development editing – Copy editing – Typesetting – Proofing – Cover design – Freelance pool management – Working on budgets and schedules • These are outside the usual set of skills in a Library. The other skills may not exist in your current workforce Image: Wilhei (Own work) [CC-BY 3.0]
  36. 36. OSC Staffing • Training vs Recruiting • What roles are needed and in what numbers? • Technical/advocacy… Image: CC-BY-SA Europeana Creative adventur
  37. 37. OSC Software and hardware • Websites – Drupal,WordPress • Repositories – DSpace, Eprints (open source) – bepress (proprietary) • Hosting publishing platforms – Open Journal Systems (open source) • External publishing platforms – Scholastica (low cost) – DigitalCommons • Partnerships – Ubiquity Press – Partner with a university press Open source vs proprietary?
  38. 38. OSC What are the other challenges? Can we talk about some examples?
  39. 39. OSC • If you have academic and editorial boards at faculty levels. Getting people to publish with you is a challenge. • Getting credibility is difficult. • Working through the peer review process and finding experts and getting review • Managing the author collaboration and response to those reviews. Acquisitions and peer review Image: Nic McPhee (flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0)
  40. 40. OSC • Barcodes and ISBN • DOIs • CC-BY licences • Copyright • Legal deposit obligations • ONIX, Nielsen/Bowker • Metadata for other platforms and services • Third party aggregators (usually commercial) • Journal indexing Dissemination Image by flickr user C!... CC BY 2.0
  41. 41. OSC • Marketing – Often neglected but very important, digital and traditional – How best to reach audiences efficiently and within small budgets – Author contribution/care – the authors are your best advertising • Work with your existing resources within the institution – look internally as well as externally Marketing
  42. 42. OSC • Association of American University Presses • Coalition for Networked Information • CrossRef – • Directory of Open Access Journals - • International Digital Publishing Forum - • Library PublishingCoalition - • National Digital Stewardship Alliance - • National Information Standards Organization - • OAPEN Foundation - • ORCID - • SPARC - • Text Encoding InitiativeConsortium - Support organisations Image: GotCredit, CC BY 2.0
  43. 43. OSC Thanks and questions • Email: – • Web: – – – • Unlocking Research blog: – • Twitter: – @dannykay68 – @CamOpenData – @CamOpenAccess