Visual communication and movies

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Visual communication and movies

  1. 1. “The length of a film should be directly related to the endurance of the human bladder.” Alfred Hitchcock, 1899–1980, Director, Producer, Author
  2. 2. Prepared by Danielle Oser, APR
  3. 3.  http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=XuT_ENqRh_ o&feature=youtu.be
  4. 4. http://www.afi.com/100Years/movies10.aspx
  5. 5. http://www.afi.com/100Years/movies10.aspx
  6. 6. http://www.spike.com/video-clips/ns0r69/citizen-kane-trailer
  7. 7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-r0b_XeRkG4
  8. 8. Orson Welles became famous after a radio broadcast of "War of the Worlds” http://www.ebaumsworld.com/video/watch/80676975/
  9. 9. Capture Our Imagination
  10. 10.  1840s: Telegraph  1850s: Martinville/Sound Recording  1877: Edison’s Phonograph  1889: Celluloid Film  1891: Edison’s Kinetoscope/Graph  1894: Wireless Telegraph (Marconi)  Very Exciting Era For Media Technology
  11. 11. Gelatin-Bromide Photo Process Animation guru
  12. 12.  How do you make images MOVE???  Flip book  Eadweard Muybridge: pioneer: 700 cameras -trotting horse  http://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=UrRUDS1xbNs
  13. 13.  1888, Edison met Eadweard Muybridge viewed zoopraxiscope.  1913, Edison experimented with synchronizing sound to film.  A Kinetophone was developed by his laboratory which synchronized sound on a phonograph cylinder to the picture on a screen.  Believed that movies would be a medium of expression for fictional works.
  14. 14. • Nickelodeons: storefront theatres in early 1900s. Nickel + Odeon = Nickelodeon
  15. 15. Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zURTEs8C1lo
  16. 16.  Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison  Invented the first practical celluloid film and decided on 35 mm for the size, a standard still used.
  17. 17.  1894  Fred Ott’s Sneeze was the first motion picture to be preserved in the collection of the Library of Congress.
  18. 18.  Credited to be first filmmakers in history  Thought that movies would be shown to audiences and reserved for documentary works.
  19. 19.  Patented the cinematograph, which contrary to Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope, allowed viewing by multiple parties at once  Their first film, Sortie de l'usine Lumière de Lyon, shot in 1894, is considered the first real motion picture in history
  20. 20.  1896, Lumières demonstrated their cinematograph -- the first successful machine that could show moving photographs -- to an audience,
  21. 21. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HI63PUXnVMw 1895 French short black-and-white silent documentary film directed and produced by Louis Lumière. Often referred to as the first real motion picture ever made
  22. 22.  Innovator in the use of special effects  Two of his best-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904).  Both involve strange, surreal voyages, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films
  23. 23. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbGd_240ynk The film includes the celebrated scene in which a spaceship hits the man in the moon in the eye; it was loosely based on Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon and H. G. Wells' The First Men in the Moon.
  24. 24. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7-OxJLYlmA Playing Cards is an 1896 French short black-and-white silent film by Georges Méliès. It was the first film in Méliès' prolific career, and thus, is number one in his Star Film catalogue.
  25. 25.  An American early film pioneer, most famous as a director with Thomas Edison's company.  Of over 250 films created by Porter, the most important films include Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery
  26. 26. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bc7wWOmEGGY The first action-adventure motion picture was The Great Train Robbery.
  27. 27.  American film director  For his pioneering techniques and early understanding of cinema, Griffith is considered among the most important figures in the history of the medium.
  28. 28. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9UPOkIpR0A D.W. Griffith is best known for his work on the film The Birth of a Nation
  29. 29. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLEE2UL_N7Q • 1925 silent film • Battleship Potemkin has been called one of the most influential propaganda films of all time
  30. 30.  The original studio using founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks  Intended to control their own interests rather than depending upon the powerful commercial studios.
  31. 31.  Sound  The Jazz Singer is a 1927 American musical film.  First feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences  Its release heralded the commercial ascendance of the "talkies" and the decline of the silent film era.
  32. 32.  Storytelling enhanced by sound  Al Jolson  Jazz Singer, 1927  Singing fool, 1928
  33. 33.  Notable for being one of the first cartoons with synchronized sound.  http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=BBgghnQF6E4
  34. 34. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIaj7FNHnjQ Lee DeForest invented the audio tube that made sound in movies possible.
  35. 35.  Color  Initially color films were colored one frame at time
  36. 36. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTuIb7BIFqk Flowers and Trees was a phenomenal success, and within a year, the now-in-Technicolor Silly Symphonies series had popularity and success that matched (and later surpassed) that of the Mickey Mouse cartoons
  37. 37. Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a-P_Ira6kgE A landmark in cinema, first film to use the newly developed three- strip Technicolor production
  38. 38. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFpVsTuOpK8 Audiences’ acceptance of color in motion pictures began in 1939 with The Wizard of Oz
  39. 39.  Big Screens & 3D
  40. 40. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vv7yIbcqGaQ
  41. 41. http://www.g4tv.com/videos/48219/Avatars-Cameron-Pace-3D- Camera-Rig-Review/
  42. 42.  A B movie is a low-budget commercial motion picture that is not definitively an arthouse.  In its original usage, during the Golden Age of Hollywood, the term more precisely identified a film intended for distribution as the less-publicized, bottom half of a double feature.  The king of the "B" movies is considered to be Roger Corman.
  43. 43.  A multiplex is a movie theater complex with multiple screens, typically six, ten, or more screens.  The largest of these complexes can sit thousands of people and are sometimes referred to as a megaplex.
  44. 44. • The Shot: Quick Psycho (1960) Director: Alfred Hitchcock; Art Direction: Saul Bass technical perspective: the shot
  45. 45. • The Shot: Quick Psycho (1960) Director: Alfred Hitchcock; Art Direction: Saul Bass technical perspective: the shot
  46. 46. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=abLMg0PV_MM The Saddest Music in the World is filmed in a style that imitates late 1920s and early 1930s cinema, with grainy black-and-white photography, slightly out-of-sync sound and expressionist art design. A few scenes are filmed in colour, in a manner that imitates early two-strip Technicolor.
  47. 47. https://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=-GlwowBL_bY
  48. 48. http://smokefreemovies.ucsf.edu/ Areas of ethical concern for the motion picture industry include stereotypes, violence, smoking, and copyright infringement.
  49. 49.  1968 American independent horror film  Nationally, it was shown as a Saturday afternoon matinée – as was typical for horror films at the time – and attracted an audience consisting of pre-teens and adolescents.  The MPAA film rating system was not in place until November 1968, so even young children were not prohibited from purchasing tickets.  Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times chided theater owners and parents who allowed children access to the film with such potent content for a horror film they were entirely unprepared for.  "I don't think the younger kids really knew what hit them," he said. "They were used to going to movies, sure, and they'd seen some horror movies before, sure, but this was something else." According to Ebert, the film affected the audience immediately  https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=5gUKvmOE GCU
  50. 50.  A first-time offender of video recording in theatres can face up to 5 years in prison or be fined up to $250 000.  Despite avoiding prison time, offenders may face a lawsuit from the Motion Picture Association of America so that they may recoup their billion-dollar losses.  http://www.therichest.com/rich- list/the-biggest/8-of-americas- biggest-black-market-industries/5/
  51. 51. Myths and symbols of a culture are employed by directors
  52. 52. At least 12 genres reflect a societies cultural values
  53. 53. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J--TDEHizVA Sample of an arthouse film
  54. 54. http://www.spike.com/video-clips/ffcpz6/bonnie-and-clyde- trailer
  55. 55.  Top Movies by Year:  http://www.the-numbers.com/market/
  56. 56. http://www.the-numbers.com/market/Sources/
  57. 57. http://www.the-numbers.com/market/MPAARatings/
  58. 58. http://www.the-numbers.com/home-market/dvd-sales/2013
  59. 59. http://www.the-numbers.com/market/2013/top-grossing-movies
  60. 60.  Note: The figures in this chart represent the total amount of domestic (US+Canada) revenue generated by all the movies a star has had an above-the-line role in over their lifetime.  Roles in animated movies are included in the calculations in this chart.  This chart is not adjusted for inflation. Above-the-line credits are the names that appear one by one on the screen during the opening (or sometimes closing) credits for a film.  http://www.the- numbers.com/people/records/top-grossing- above-the-line-actors
  61. 61. Greed, 2009: Directed By Roman Polanski
  62. 62. Mann Chinese 6
  63. 63. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=594Oxq4c0XA

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