Early Explorers of America

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5th grade lesson on early explorers of America and their routes

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Early Explorers of America

  1. 1. MR. GREEN’S 5 TH GRADE CLASS 5-20-2009 EARLY EXPLORERS OF AMERICA
  2. 2. MOTIVATIONS OF EARLY EXPLORERS OF AMERICA <ul><li>DESIRE FOR GLORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NATIONAL WEALTH AND TERRITORY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRESTIGE FOR MONARCHS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>POSSIBILITY OF PERSONAL WEALTH AND FAME </li></ul><ul><li>QUEST FOR WORLD KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>DESIRE TO SPREAD CHRISTIANITY </li></ul><ul><li>COMPETITION AMONG THE POWERFUL NATIONS OF EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>DESIRE TO FIND NEW TRADE ROUTES TO THE EAST – INCREASE PROFITS </li></ul>
  3. 3. CARAVEL
  4. 7. IMPROVED COMPASS
  5. 8. MAJOR NATION- STATES INVOLVED IN EXPLORATION
  6. 9. FERDINAND AND ISABELLA OF SPAIN SUPPORTED EXPLORATION AND EXPANSION
  7. 10. MAJOR EMPHASIS <ul><li>FINDING GOLD AND SILVER </li></ul><ul><li>EXPANSION OF TRADE </li></ul><ul><li>FARMING - SUGAR PLANTATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>SOME SLAVE TRADE – LIMITED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain outlawed the slave trade in the 1700’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ACTIVE IN THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JESUITS MISSIONARIES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ACQUISITION OF LAND- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NATIONAL AND PERSONAL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ENHANCE PERSONAL AND SOCIAL STANDING </li></ul>
  8. 11. ENGLAND <ul><li>EAST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>CANADA </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA </li></ul>
  9. 12. MAJOR EMPHASIS <ul><li>EXPANSION OF TERRITORY </li></ul><ul><li>TRADE </li></ul><ul><li>NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR MIDDLE CLASS </li></ul><ul><li>FLEEING RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION </li></ul>
  10. 13. MAJOR EUROPEAN EXPLORERS <ul><li>MAGELLAN -first voyage to circumnavigate the globe </li></ul><ul><li>COLUMBUS -first European voyage to arrive in the New World </li></ul><ul><li>CORTEZ -conquest of the Aztec Empire in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>PIZARRO -conquest of the Incan Empire in Peru </li></ul><ul><li>BALBOA -first to see the Pacific- crossed Panama Isthmus </li></ul><ul><li>PONCE DE LEON- explored Florida </li></ul><ul><li>CORONADO -first European to see the Grand Canyon and explore the southern US </li></ul>
  11. 14. MAGELLAN-PORTUGUESE <ul><li>MAGELLAN DID NOT SURVIVE THE VOYAGE </li></ul><ul><li>OF THE 270 MEN WHO BEGAN THE VOYAGE AROUND THE GLOBE, ONLY 18 FINISHED AND RETURNED TO EUROPE </li></ul>
  12. 16. COLUMBUS- ITALIAN LED THREE VOYAGES TO THE NEW WORLD. HE WAS LOOKING FOR NEW TRADE ROUTES TO THE EAST INDIES
  13. 17. CORTEZ- SPANISH Looking for Gold, Workers, and Fame
  14. 18. PIZARRO- SPANISH
  15. 19. PIZARRO-CONQUEST OF THE INCAN EMPIRE IN PERU HE WAS LOOKING FOR GOLD AND FAME
  16. 20. INCAN EMPIRE IN PERU THE ANCIENT INCAN CITY OF MACHU PICCHU
  17. 21. BALBOA <ul><li>CROSSING THE ISTHMUS OF PANAMA </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST EUROPEAN TO CROSS FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC </li></ul><ul><li>LOOKING FOR A SHORTER ROUTE TO THE GOLD AND SILVER MINES OF SOUTH AMERICA </li></ul>
  18. 22. MINING <ul><li>SILVER MINES </li></ul><ul><li>AT POTOSI </li></ul><ul><li>VAST AMOUNTS OF GOLD AND SILVER WERE SENT TO SPAIN FROM THE NEW WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>PRIMARY LABOR FORCE WAS THE INDIGENOUS POPULATION </li></ul>
  19. 23. PLANTATIONS- SUGAR BECAME A MAJOR EXPORT CROP NATIVE PEOPLES AND AFRICAN SLAVES WORKED THE FARMS AND PLANTATIONS
  20. 24. THE IMPACT OF EUROPEAN EXPANSION – AGE OF EXPLORAITON
  21. 25. ECONOMIC <ul><li>RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH AND AN INCREASE IN BUSINESS ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>VAST AMOUNTS OF GOLD AND SILVER FLOODED INTO EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>PRICES OF GOODS ROSE DUE TO INLFATION </li></ul><ul><li>MAJORITY OF EUROPEANS SAW LITTLE IMPROVEMENT IN THEIR STANDARD OF LIVING </li></ul>
  22. 26. POLITICAL <ul><li>WESTERN EUROPE BEGAN TO DOMINATE THE GLOBE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEW LANDS WERE CLAIMED AND COLONIZED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WESTERN POLITICAL MODELS WERE INSTALLED </li></ul></ul><ul><li>THE RIVALRY BETWEEN THE NATION-STATES OF EUROPE INTENSIFIED </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS GREW </li></ul>
  23. 27. RELIGIOUS <ul><li>CHRISTIANITY SPREAD ACROSS THE GLOBE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THE AMERICAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PARTS OF ASIA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES WORKED TO CONVERT NATIVE POPULATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THE JESUITS WERE VERY ACTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STARTED MISSIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESTABLISHED SCHOOLS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>THE CATHOLIC CHURCH BECAME DOMINANT IN MANY COLONIAL REGIONS </li></ul><ul><li>VERY OFTEN CONVERSIONS WERE FORCED AND OR COERCED; HOWEVER, MANY TRULY CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY </li></ul><ul><li>CHRISTIANITY OFTEN BLENDED WITH TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND PRACTICES </li></ul>
  24. 28. GLOBAL <ul><li>MILLIONS OF AFRICANS WERE IMPORTED TO THE NEW WORLD AS SLAVES </li></ul><ul><li>ANIMALS WERE BROUGHT TO THE AMERICAS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HORSES AND CATTLE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NEW PLANTS AND CROPS WERE EXCHANGED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TOMATOES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>POTATOES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CORN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETC. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 29. INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS <ul><li>NATIVE POPULATIONS IN THE NEW WORLD WERE DECIMATED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ESTIMATED THAT FROM 1500-1600 THE POPULATION SHRANK FROM 20 MILLION TO 2 MILLION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DISEASE AND MALNUTRITION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WAR AND CONFLICT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HARSH LABOR </li></ul></ul>
  26. 30. <ul><li>INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS MIXED WITH EUROPEANS AND AFRICANS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEW CULTURAL AND RACIAL GROUPS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BLENDING OF CULTURES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RELIGION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CUSTOMS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MUSIC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ART </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 31. A NEW WORLD <ul><li>EXPLORERS SHARED SOME MOTIVATIONS LIKE GOLD, GOD, AND GLORY </li></ul><ul><li>THEY BUILT ON THE DISCOVERIES OF OTHER EXPLORERS </li></ul><ul><li>WE WILL BREAK INTO GROUPS TO SHARE OUR EXPLORES INFORMATION WITH OUR CLASSMATES </li></ul>

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