Radar do Janeiro-Fevereiro/2016
Um informe bimensal sobre eventos, chamadas de trabalhos, livros, publicações e muitas outras
coisas legais ligadas às linhas de pesquisa do NISP.
Chamadas de Trabalho/Bolsas
Revue Éthique publique – Appel à contribution : Éthique et scandales publics
La revue Éthique publique – publiée conjointement par l'IDEA et l'ENAP – lance un appel à
contribution pour son numéro de l'automne 2016 qui sera consacré aux scandales politiques.
La date limite pour soumettre un résumé est le 7 février 2016 et la remise des textes définitifs
est prévue le 31 mai 2016.
Les « communs » et l’économie sociale et solidaire. Quelles identités et quelles dynamiques
communes ? XVIe Rencontres du Réseau interuniversitaire de l’économie sociale et solidaire
(RIUESS) organisées par l'Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3. 25 au 27 mai 2016, Montpellier,
Date limite pour soumission: 31 mars 2016.
Social Innovation: Researching, defining and theorizing social innovation. Special issue of
Revista de Administração Mackenzie.
Deadline for submission: February 15th, 2016. (RECALL)
Cooperatives: Impacts and Power to Act. Scientific conference in International Summit of
Cooperatives organised by Desjardins and International co-operative alliance. October 11th‒
13th, 2016. Québec, QC, Canada.
Deadline for submission: February 29th, 2016. (RECALL)
Living Labs, innovation sociale et territoire/ Living Labs, social innovation and territory.
Numéro spécial de la Revue canadienne des sciences régionales/ Canadian Journal of
Date limite pour soumission: 31 mars 2016. (RECALL)
L’innovation sociale et les nouveaux modèles d’action en développement territorial. Session
spéciale au 53ème colloque de l'Association de Science Régionale de Langue Française. 7 au 9
juillet 2016, Gatineau, Québec, Canada.
Date limite pour soumission: 22 février 2016.
EUSERS Summer School: Performance and Governance of Services of General Interest in the
EU -: critical perspectives on Energy, Telecommunications, Transport and Water reforms,
Milano, June, 27th - July, 1st 2016.
The school, proposed by the EUsers Jean Monnet Network, is aimed at analysing the structure,
regulation and performance of public services in Europe, particularly network industries.
Selection of 30 students for full grants - Deadline for application: March 15th 2016
2016 Doctoral Colloquium of the European Academy of Management (EURAM). This
colloquium is organized by UPEC (Université Paris-Est Créteil Val De Marne) and French
Business School. May 29th - 31st, 2016. Paris, France. Deadline for submission: January 27th,
The three SE pillars: Social Entrepreneurship, Social Economy and Solidarity Economy. The 5 th
EMES International PhD Summer School organized by EMES network in partnership with
Glasgow Caledonian University and the Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health (GCU-YC).
June 22th – 25th , 2016. Glasgow, Scotland, UK. Deadline for submission: February 1 st, 2016.
Économie sociale et finance solidaire
Symposium organisé par le Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales (CRISES) en
collaboration avec l'UQAM, le Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche et d'information sur les
entreprises collectives (CIRIEC-Canada) et Fondaction.
04 février 2016, Montréal, Québec, Canada
EMES Summer School 2016 - Call for Proposals Open
The call for applications for the upcoming 5th EMES International PhD Summer School is
available now. The PhD summer school will be hosted by the Yunus Centre for Social Business
and Health at Glasgow Caledonian University (EMES institutional member in the UK) on from
22-25 June 2016.
PhD students from different disciplinary backgrounds (such as sociology, management,
economics, political sciences, etc. working on the “solidarity economy”, the “social economy”,
“social enterprises”, or “solidarity enterprises” are invited to submit their proposals to attend
four days of methodological and theoretical lectures, debates, and professional and social
media workshops. Participants will receive personalised feedback and have the chance to liaise
informally with some of the leading scholars in this field.
Applications are accepted until 1st February 2016.
Forum mondial de l’économie sociale.
3ème édition du Global Social Economy Forum – GSEF2016.
7 a 9 de setembro de 2016. Montréal, QC, Canada.
Seminário do CRISES-HEC Montréal et le Pôle E3
L'acceptabilité sociale des grands projets de développement.
10 de novembro.
The Third Sector in Transition: Accountability, Transparency, and Social Innovation. 12th
International Conference of the International Society for Third Sector Research (ISTR). June
28th – July 1st, 2016. Stockholm, Sweden.
The Third International Summit of Cooperatives October 11-13, 2016 in Québec studies
addressing the cooperative model.
The theme of this scientific symposium focuses on the impact of cooperatives. You are invited
to send papers (articles) or to propose scientific activities (e.g.: scientific conference, posters,
round tables, etc.). The deadline is Monday, February 29, 2016
Políticas públicas e governança pública
From 'contractors to the state' to 'protectors of public value'? Relations between non-profit housing
hybrids and the state in England Mullins David and Jones Tricia. Voluntary Sector Review, volume 6,
issue 3, pages 261- 283. November 2015.
The move of social housing provision away from government to nonprofit organisations and towards the
market has been accompanied by a discourse of independence from the state. This article questions the
validity of this discourse, drawing on hybridisation theory and a Delphi panel study with decision makers
in 31 housing associations (HAs) in England to explore recent relations with the state. Despite
considerable hybridisation, the state's continued role in defining the operating environment, resource
inputs and material position of HAs is demonstrated. Recent policies of deficit reduction and welfare
conditionality have challenged independent purposes of HAs. Panel organisations displayed a range of
responses to these recent policies, reflecting different organizational values. Three positioning
narratives are identified: 'independent social entrepreneurs', 'contractors of the state' and 'protectors of
public value'. The relationship to the state remains critical to understanding each of these positions and
their implications for the future hybridisation of HAs.”
Between Control and Empowerment: Governmental Strategies towards the Development of the Non-
profit Sector in China Jing Yijia. Asian Studies Review, volume 39, issue 4, pages 589-608, October
Continuous economic reform and social development have induced and forced the Chinese government
to adjust its strategies towards non-profit development. Enhanced state capacities, emergent legitimacy
of non-profit organizations, genuine demand for non-profit partners, public management modernization
and other factors have not only enriched the “control” mandate by introducing persuasive means, but
have also driven the government to become a major empowering force for non-profit development.
Advanced local governments in China take the lead in adopting mixed strategies of control and
empowerment to forge a path of non-profit development in favor of non-profit organizations that are
politically inactive and professionally capable. This paper shows the resilience of the regime by
presenting examples of evolving governmental strategies of control and empowerment at the local and
International – La corruption dans le monde
Par Alexandru Gurau - L'Observatoire
Transparency International vient de publier le classement annuel des pays selon l’indice de perception
de la corruption (IPC). Globalement, le nombre de pays ayant réussi à améliorer leurs résultats est plus
élevé que celui dont le score a baissé. Cependant, deux tiers des 168 pays évalués ont obtenu des scores
inférieurs à 50, sur une échelle allant de 0 à 100, le résultat moyen étant de 43 points. Le Danemark se
situe à la première place pour une deuxième année consécutive, avec 91 points, tandis que le Canada
occupe la meilleure position parmi les pays des Amériques, soit la neuvième, avec 83 points. Les États-
Unis sont au seizième rang, avec 76 points. La Corée du Nord et la Somalie se partagent la dernière place
du classement, avec 8 points chacune. Fait notable, l’Australie, qui se classe treizième avec 79 points,
est un des pays ayant enregistré les plus fortes baisses dans le classement au cours des dernières
années, aux côtés du Brésil, de l’Espagne et de la Turquie. D’autres pays, comme la Grèce, le Sénégal et
le Royaume-Uni ont connu les améliorations les plus importantes depuis 2012. Cette étude montre non
seulement qu’aucun pays n’est exempt de corruption, mais elle permet aussi de dégager les
caractéristiques communes aux pays en tête de classement (liberté de la presse, accès aux informations
budgétaires, intégrité des personnes au pouvoir, etc.) et les traits communs aux pays qui présentent un
IPC particulièrement élevé (ex. : conflit et guerre, mauvaise gouvernance, manque d’indépendance des
Transparency International (janvier 2016). Corruption Perceptions Index 2015
Union européenne – Analyse comparée des systèmes politiques et sociaux
Par Estelle Mongbé - L'Observatoire
Ce rapport, paru en version anglaise en janvier 2016, est la traduction d’une étude publiée en 2015 par
le ministère du Travail et des Affaires sociales allemand. Réalisée dans le but de mieux comprendre le
contexte dans lequel évoluent les systèmes sociaux et de santé des pays membres de l’Union
européenne, l’étude fournit de l’information de base sur le système politique, la population, la langue,
la structure administrative et l’économie de ces pays. Aux 28 fiches d’information individuelles
s’ajoutent une synthèse permettant de dégager les grandes tendances européennes pour chaque thème
étudié et une analyse comparative des systèmes politiques et des services sociaux des pays européens.
La publication se veut avant tout un guide pratique et un complément à la base de données sur les
services sociaux administrée par le Ministère.
General Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (janvier 2016). The Countries of Europe Facts and key
Sociedade Civil e Esfera Pública
Fraud and Corruption in U.S. Nonprofit Entities: A Summary of Press Reports 2008-2011
Deborah S. Archambeault, Sarah Webber and Janet Greenlee.
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, volume 44, issue 6, pages 1194- 1224, December 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The charitable sector is vulnerable to fraud losses, with
these losses negatively impacting the organization’s reputation, future funding, and ability to advance
its mission. Research on nonprofit fraud is relatively scarce, due mainly to limited availability of data. We
create a database that summarizes and describes basic facts (nature and timing of fraud, description of
organization, magnitude of loss, and perpetrators) for 115 incidents of detected fraud occurring in U.S.
nonprofit organizations. We find a disproportionately high incidence of nonprofit fraud in the Health
and Human Services National Taxonomy of Exempt Entities Groups, a high percentage of females
committing misappropriation frauds, and that the | 11
http://www.chaire.ecosoc.uqam.ca/Bulletindeveille/tabid/150/Default.aspx organizational role of the
perpetrator is related to the size of the fraud loss. We also investigate whether organizations detecting a
nonprofit fraud report this inform
Employment support to home-workers: the role of civil society
Arup Mitra and Rajnish Kumar
International Journal of Social Economics, volume 42, issue 12, pages 1106- 1120, November 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness
of civil society in providing higher levels of employment and earnings compared to what labour
contractors usually offer. Based on the primary survey data the authors have estimated econometric
models to capture who is likely to join the civil society and whether joining actually improves the
earnings. The authors observe that a civil society not necessarily is able to provide employment
opportunities on a large scale nor it is able to take a lead role in multiple activities. The binomial logit
model is indicative that women from large households with greater domestic burden tend to join the
civil society and subsequently their earnings increase. However, the lack of work consignment forces
many workers to operate through the contractors. Not necessarily the functioning of a civil society
ensures optimal outcomes. For a civil society to be successful active operation and a large scale
coverage are important. The government and civil society closely may have to operate in order to reap
better outcomes. Otherwise like government failures civil society failures can also be rampant. This
article is original because a direct evaluation of civil society participation is done in comparison to those
who do operate through the contractors.”
Empreendedorismo e Inovação Social
From Advocacy to Social Innovation: A Typology of Social Change Efforts by Nonprofits
Micheal L. Shier and Femida Handy
VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, volume 26, issue 6, pages
2581-2603, December 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Literature describing the social change efforts of direct
social service nonprofits focuses primarily on their political advocacy role or the ways in which
practitioners in organizations address individual service user needs. To elicit a more in-depth
understanding of the varying ways that these nonprofits promote social change, this research builds off
of the innovation literature in nonprofits. It presents a model of the typology of social innovations based
on the empirical findings from survey data from a random sample (n = 241) and interview data (n = 31)
of direct social service nonprofits in Alberta, Canada. Exploratory principal factor analysis was used to
uncover the underlying structure of the varying types of social innovations undertaken by direct service
nonprofits. Results support a three-factor model including socially transformative, product, and process-
related social innovations. The qualitative findings provide a conceptual map of the varied foci of social
Critical social innovation in the smart city era for a city‐regional european horizon 2020
University of Oxford & Ikerbasque
JOURNAL OF PUBLIC POLICIES AND TERRITORIES
Social Innovation and Territory
Nº 6, Winter, pp. 1‐20, 2013
In 2020, in the new EU strategic horizon1 that is opening at present, the place should matter moret han
ever when it refers to territories that are envisaged from the Social Innovation paradigm (Moulaert,
Mulgan and Morgan). Nevertheless, how will the suggested H2020 strategy based on Smart City and
Communities5, contribute and implement the so‐called Social Innovation; facing realistic, economic and
politic‐driven issues in an increasingly territorially heterogeneous EU current context? This article aims
to shed some light on the Critical Social Innovation (CSI) challenges from a constructive position.
Understanding social change through catalytic innovation: Empirical findings in Mexican social
Caroline Auvinet and Antonio Lloret.
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l'Administration,
volume 32, issue 4, pages 238-251, December 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Christensen, Baumann, Ruggles, and Sadtler (2006)
proposed that organizations addressing social problems may use catalytic innovation as a strategy to
create social change. These innovations aim to create scalable, sustainable, and systems-changing
solutions. This empirical study examines: (a) whether catalytic innovation applies to Mexican social
entrepreneurship; (b) whether those who adopt Christensen et al.’s (2006) strategy generate more
social impact; and (c) whether they demonstrate economic success. We performed a survey of 219
Mexican social entrepreneurs and found that catalytic innovation does occur within social
entrepreneurship, and that those social entrepreneurs who use catalytic innovations not only maximize
Economia social e solidária
Social Enterprise in Québec: The Social Economy and the Social Enterprise Concepts
Marie J. Bouchard, Paulo Cruz Filho and Tassadit Zerdani.
International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) Working Papers, issue 23, 27 pages,
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “This article explores how the social enterprise concept is
used in Québec. Focusing on the historical, institutional, and current conceptual understanding of the
social economy in Québec, it explores the related definitions, terminology, and typologies currently in
use. The term “social enterprise” is nearly absent in Québec, mainly due to the highly recognized notion
of social economy. However, not all Québec enterprises that pursue social goals fit into the social
economy institutional definition. This article proposes a conceptual framework for understanding the
modalities of Québec’s field of social economy and other social purpose enterprises. It suggests that
“social enterprises” in Québec are those that participate in the social purposes of the social economy
without necessarily sharing the core and institutionalized characteristics of social economy enterprises.”
Building a new third construction sector through social enterprise
Construction Management and Economics, volume 33, issue 9, pages 724-739, September 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Social enterprises are profit-making businesses which
trade for a social purpose. They bridge the gap between welfare and work, providing employment
opportunities for disadvantaged groups often excluded from employment in the construction industry.
Social enterprises are a fast-growing part of a larger third economic sector. However, compared to other
industries, there are relatively few social enterprises operating in construction and little is known about
the challenges they face in doing so. In-depth interviews at 12 UK social enterprises reveal that many of
the challenges faced by social enterprises in the construction industry are similar to those faced by
social enterprises operating in other industries. These include: building trust, managing hybridity;
securing finance; measuring social impact; and achieving scale. However, in addressing the lack of
sector-specific insights in social enterprise research, challenges unique to construction are also
identified. These include: procurement practices which favor industry incumbents; costly tender
bureaucracy; established supply chain relationships; lack of experience of working with social
enterprises; disingenuous corporate social responsibility practices; and fear that social enterprises will
reduce competitiveness. Recommendations are made to resolve these challenges, enabling the
construction sector to create an ecosystem where social enterprises can thrive. Questions to guide
future research into this unexplored area are also proposed.”
The social enterprise as a space of well-being: an exploratory case study
Sarah-Anne Munoz, Jane Farmer, Rachel Winterton and Jo Barraket.
Social Enterprise Journal, volume 11, issue 3, pages 281 - 302, November 2015.
The purpose of this paper is to present an Australian case study and to explore how social enterprises
may be conceptualized as spaces of well-being that is the ways in which social enterprises, not explicitly
delivering health services, may be producing health and well-being benefits for those who come into
contact with them. A case study in Australia is used to explore in depth the mechanisms of wellbeing
production. Data were collected using ethnographic observation, focus groups and walking interviews.
Data were analyzed using thematic analysis, GIS and the lens of therapeutic assemblage. The case study
social enterprise produces well-being as integration, capability, security and therapy. The social
enterprise acts as a therapeutic assemblage with well-being “spoken”, “practiced” and “felt” within the
social enterprise. The ways in which well-being is generated are often linked to the productive element
of enterprise – and have the potential to contribute to tackling several contemporary health challenges
and inequalities relating to, for example, a lack of physical activity and levels of social isolation. This
paper draws on a single Australian case study but points to the need for further in-depth work in the
area of social enterprise and health. The paper advances our understanding of how social enterprises
may be linked to health and well-being. It goes beyond quantification of, for example, number of clients
helped, to consider the wider experience of well-being for those who come into contact with social
Role of Microfinance in Sustainable Developmentin Rural Bangladesh Mohummed Shofi Ullah
Mazumder. Sustainable Development, volume 23, issue 6, pages 396-413, November/December 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Here, the effects of length of microfinance borrowing,
service provider and other factors on microfinance participation and outcomes in Bangladesh are
investigated. Data were collected from 300 microfinance respondents using face-to-face semi-
structured interviews. Descriptive and econometric statistics were used for data analysis. The financing
authorities gave preference to rural, powerless, illiterate and poor people in all groups of candidates.
Spillover effects were minimized by considering endogeneity, attrition bias and unobserved bias. The
fixed effect instrumental variable method was used to show that the microfinance effects changed over
time, i.e. were greater in historical borrowing than in more recent borrowing. Farm size, repayment
behavior, savings amount per week and annual household income were identified as significant factors
that influenced recipients’ effective participation in the microfinance program.”
Cultivating Alliances: The Local Organic Food Co-ops Network Jennifer Sumner and Cassie Wever.
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research Revue canadienne de recherche sur les
OBSL et l’économie sociale, volume 6, issue 2, pages65-79, December 2015.
Abstract excerpted from the URL cited above: “Although social movements can lose their way in
neoliberal times, building alliances can help them to leverage their strengths and overcome their
weaknesses, thus avoiding cooptation and “mission drift.” One example of this strategy can be found
within the co-operative movement: the Local Organic Food Co-ops Network in Ontario. A pilot study of
six co-operatives in this organization reveals that they cultivate alliances in four ways: among member
co-ops, through the creation of the network, with other types of organizations, and with other social
movements. These alliances strengthen the co-operative movement, help to make the politics of
alternative food systems work, influence the economy toward cooperation, and open up possibilities for
establishing and maintaining a more sustainable food system.”
Sociologia pragmática, política e ação pública
L’observatoire Agricolede la Biodiversité. Vers un ré-ancragedes pratiquesdans leur milieu
Suzie Deschamps et Élise Demeulenaere
Études rurales, janvier-juin 2015, 195 : 109-12
La dynamique d’écologisation de l’agriculture prend ces dernières années une ampleur ncontestable.
Celle-ci est portée tant par lesmilieux agricoles critiques de la modernisa-
tion agricole que par des consommateurs etcitoyens ; elle est en outre relayée par lespouvoirs publics,
comme en témoigne le « pro jet agro-écologique pour la France » lancéen 2012 par le Ministre Le Foll,
ou l’éco-conditionnalité désormais inscrite dans la Politique agricole commune [Deverre et Sainte-Marie
2008]. C’est dans ce contexte qu’a été inauguréen 2010 l’Observatoire Agricole de la Bio-diversité (OAB),
sous le pilotage du ministèrede l’Agriculture. Cet observatoire naturalisteà destination du monde
agricole se distinguedes dispositifs agri-environnementaux précé-dents, en ce sens qu’il n’est fondé ni
sur desobligations réglementaires professionnelles, ni sur un engagement contractuel des agriculteurs à
modifier leurs pratiques, mais vise defaçon inédite leur participation volontaire àune « pédagogie active
» [Hampartzoumianet al. 2013].
Livro Branco da Economia Social. Economia Social
Par ce Livre blanc, les entreprises et les organisations de
sociale proposent un ensemble d’actions envisageables au
européen pour soutenir le développement des entreprises
Legitimidade das Organizações da Sociedade Civil. Uma análise da percepção dos atores do campo à
Luz da Teoria da Caoacidade Crítica. São Paulo: Novas Edições Acadêmicas, 2015.
Edited by Mike Gismondi, Sean Connelly, Mary Beckie, Sean Markey, and Mark
When citizens take collaborative action to meet the needs of their community, they are participating in
the social economy. Co-operatives, community-based social services, local non-profit organizations, and
charitable foundations are all examples of social economies that emphasize mutual benefit rather than
the accumulation of profit. While such groups often participate in market-based activities to achieve their
goals, they also pose an alternative to the capitalist market economy. Contributors to Scaling
Up investigated innovative social economies in British Columbia and Alberta and discovered that
achieving a social good through collective, grassroots enterprise resulted in a sustainable way of
satisfying human needs that was also, by extension, environmentally responsible. As these case studies
illustrate, organizations that are capable of harnessing the power of a social economy generally
demonstrate a commitment to three outcomes: greater social justice, financial self-sufficiency, and
environmental sustainability. Within the matrix of these three allied principles lie new strategic directions
for the politics of sustainability.
Whether they were examining attainable and affordable housing initiatives, co-operative approaches to
the provision of social services, local credit unions, farmers’ markets, or community-owned power
companies, the contributors found social economies providing solutions based on reciprocity and an
understanding of how parts function within the whole—an understanding that is essential to
sustainability. In these locally defined and controlled, democratically operated organizations we see
possibilities for a more human economy that is capable of transforming the very social and technical
systems that make our current way of life unsustainable.
Nas últimas décadas, as Organizações da Sociedade Civil (OSCs) têm assumido um papel central na
esfera pública. A ampliação do interesse pelas OSCs veio acompanhada por críticas à sua atuação, tendo
destaque os questionamentos sobre representatividade, impacto, transparência e sobre a sua própria
legitimidade. Nesse cenário, esse livro parte da seguinte pergunta: quais são as justificações dominantes
que embasam a atuação e a existência das OSCs, conferindo-lhes legitimidade? Para responder esta
questão, as autoras realizam uma análise de conteúdo baseada em diferentes teorias de legitimidade e
na Teoria da Capacidade Crítica (Boltanski & Thévenot, 2006). Desenvolvem então um quadro de análise
para compreender as justificações dos 46 atores do campo social entrevistados na Região Sul do Brasil.
Conclui-se que as dimensões pragmática e moral da legitimidade são predominantes, estimulando a
adaptação das OSCs a padrões externamente estabelecidos, pondo em risco a pluralidade do campo. No
intuito de fortalecer a legitimidade cognitiva, as organizações são incentivadas a interagir com o
ambiente externo, fazendo compreender a razão de sua existência e atuação
Este informe é uma publicação bimensal do NISP baseada em pesquisa prévia dos responsáveis
sobretudo em sites e boletins on-line de outros núcleos de pesquisa ligados às áreas de inovação social,
economia social, sociedade civil, administração pública, sociologia pragmática e políticas públicas. Para
este edição foram utilizados como referencia:
CiriecAgora.org Info Agora of the General Interest and the Social Economy (Boletim do CIRIEC
ECO-SOC INFO (Boletim da Chaire en Economie Sociale da UQAM – Quebéc - Canadá)
Inside ISTR (Boletim da International Society for Third-Sector Research)
OBSERVGO (Boletim do Observatório de Aministração Pública da ENAP – Quebéc - Canadá)
Site do Centro de Pesquisa em Inovação Social (CRISES) – Quebéc – Canadá
Site do Grupo de Pesquisa Sociologie Pragmatique et Reflexive (GSPR) Paris-França
Site da Pragmata – Association d`etudes pragmatistes – Paris França
Julia F. Graeff
Colaboraram com esta edição:
Daniel Moraes Pinheiro