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Strategies for Migrating Government
Legacy Enterprise Applications to the
Cloud Using Business Architecture
Presentation m...
1. The Urgency of Modernizing
Legacy Systems slide 3
2. The Cloud. What? Why?
How? slide 8
3. Business Architecture slide ...
Section 1
The Urgency of
Modernizing Legacy
Systems
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits
Transforming Legacy Systems:
It’s Happening Now
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 –
All Rights Reserved
“By 2017,...
Reasons to Modernize Legacy Systems
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 –
All Rights Reserved
• Key employees have ...
Yet Many Legacy Systems Are Here to Stay
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 –
All Rights Reserved
• Not every lega...
Managing Legacy Software Modernization
Business
Architecture
- Capabilities
- Organization
- Values
- Information
- Initia...
Section 2
The Cloud. What? Why?
How?
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits
What is the Architecture of the Cloud?
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
• Everyone has the...
Government Cloud Computing Reference Architecture
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
Source ...
Government Cloud Consumers/Citizens
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
Source: the NIST (a U...
Public, Private, Hybrid Cloud
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved Source: Wikipedia https://c...
What Does the Cloud Mean to You?
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Busines...
What Should the Cloud Strategy Be?
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Busin...
Section 3
Business Architecture
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
• 66% of HR and IT organizations
develop strategic plans that are not
linked to the enterprise strategy.
Sources: the firs...
Today’s IT vs Business Disconnects
Benchmark Consulting
Canada Copyright 2016 -
All Rights Reserved
Sources: http://image-...
Business architecture is defined as
“A blueprint of the enterprise that
provides a common understanding
of the organizatio...
Business Overview According to
Business Architecture
Figure 1.1 of the BIZBOK® Guide on slide 2Benchmark Consulting Canada...
Information
Maps
Strategy
MapsStakeholders
Maps
Organization
Maps
Initiative
Maps
Product
Maps
Asset
Maps
Value
Maps
Capab...
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Business Architecture Stops Business Silos
Source: ...
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Stopping IT Silo Effect with Business Architecture
...
Section 4
Business Motivation
Model / Strategy
Mapping
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Business Motivation Model
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– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Business Archi...
Business Motivation Model
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: From the BMM and TOGAF ...
Business Motivation Model Subset
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Busines...
Other Strategy Map Methods: SWOT
Analysis & Balance Scorecard
Source: http://picgalaxy.net/swot-analysis/
Source: http://b...
Other Strategy Map Methods: Business Model Canvas
Source: http://bmimatters.com/tag/business-model-canvas-examples/
Benchm...
Section 5
Capability Map
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Detailed Capability Diagram (Level 1 & 2)
Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1
Capabilities and the Cloud
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Business Arch...
Core Capabilities
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– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Business Architecture ...
Section 6
Organization/Stakeholders
Map
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Source: Business Architecture in a Merger &
Acquisition Context – Part 1
Apple Republic Org Chart (level 1 and 2)
Source: Business Architecture in a Merger &
Acquisition Context – Part 1
Org Chart with Capabilities (Level 1 only)
Organization/Stakeholder Analysis
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Busine...
Organization Maps
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Business Architecture ...
Section 7
Value Maps
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Value Streams Diagram
Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1
Value Stages to Capabilities
Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1
About Value Streams & Value Stages
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Busin...
Section 8
Process Maps
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Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Process Model – Internal Activities
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– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Busi...
Process Model – External Activities
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Source: Applying Busi...
Business Processes in the Cloud
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– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Business...
Section 9
Information Maps
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Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Information to Capabilities Linkage
Figure 2.5.2 of the BIZBOK® Guide on slide 162Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’aute...
Enterprise Information Concerns
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Business...
Section 10
Initiative Map & Asset
Map
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Initiatives Diagram
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Initiatives Diagram
Source: Business Architecture in a Merger &
Acquisition Context – Part 1
Benchmark Consulting Canada
D...
Initiative Roadmap Example
Source: Business Architecture in a Merger &
Acquisition Context – Part 1
Benchmark Consulting C...
Assets Map & Linkage to Other Maps
List of Assets
complying to
TOGAF
List of Business Architecture
Map Compliant to BIZBOK...
Section 11
Extracting Technical
Artifacts, Business Rules
& the Application
Architecture from Legacy
Systems
Benchmark Con...
Technical Artifacts and Key Business
Benefits
Extracted Assets Quality Characteristics Business Benefits
 Application
Arc...
High Level Extraction Process
Code Model
Conditions of Interest
Conceptual Model
Business Rules
Business Object Model Busi...
How Do We Find Rules?
• Data-driven approach
• Based on the usage of Database fields (what we
call Variables of Interest (...
Impacts of Proper Design and
Analytical Software Code Usage
Extracted Assets Quality Characteristics Business Benefits
 C...
Section 12
Other Issues with the
Cloud
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
Issues with the Cloud
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016
– All Rights Reserved
Source: Applying Business Architect...
Lock-In & Interoperability
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Source: Applying Business Arch...
Business Decision Matrix
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Source: Applying Business Archit...
Section 13
Examples from the
Business Architecture
Guild
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits
Examples from the Business
Architecture Guild
Source: http://www.businessarchitectureguild.org/?slide=002
Benchmark Consul...
Section 14
The US Patent & Trademark Office
Example
Leveraging Business Architecture for
Major Portfolio Initiatives and
B...
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
PaaS Cloud
Transformation
Initiative
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
PaaS Cloud Transformtion
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
Benchmark Consulting Canada
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Avoiding Confusion in User Stories with
Business Architecture
Benchmark Consulting Canada
Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droit...
Thanks!
IRIS Business Architect
Web site: http://biz-architect.com
Email: info@biz-architect.com
Phone: +1-514-798-2042 x2...
Strategies for Migrating Legacy Enterprise Applications to the Cloud Using Business Architecture
Strategies for Migrating Legacy Enterprise Applications to the Cloud Using Business Architecture
Strategies for Migrating Legacy Enterprise Applications to the Cloud Using Business Architecture
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Strategies for Migrating Legacy Enterprise Applications to the Cloud Using Business Architecture

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Transformation of legacy enterprise applications to the cloud in many businesses tend to have a much too heavy technology focus. This presentation explains the strategies for migrating government legacy enterprise applications to the cloud using Business Architecture, which results significantly higher success rates of transformation initiatives.

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Strategies for Migrating Legacy Enterprise Applications to the Cloud Using Business Architecture

  1. 1. Strategies for Migrating Government Legacy Enterprise Applications to the Cloud Using Business Architecture Presentation made to a large information services company Website: http://biz-architect.com/ Email: info@biz-architect.com Phone: +1-514-798-2042 x2010 Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016– All Rights Reserved 2016-02-15
  2. 2. 1. The Urgency of Modernizing Legacy Systems slide 3 2. The Cloud. What? Why? How? slide 8 3. Business Architecture slide 15 4. Strategic Mapping slide 23 5. Capability Mapping slide 29 6. Stakeholder/Organization Mapping slide 33 7. Value Mapping slide 38 Presentation Overview 8. Process Mapping slide 42 9. Information Mapping slide 46 10. Initiative and Asset Mapping slide 49 11. Extracting Business Rules from Legacy Systems slide 54 12. Other Issues with the Cloud slide 59 13. Examples from the Guild slide 60 14. Government Example: USPTO slide 65 Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. Section 1 The Urgency of Modernizing Legacy Systems Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits
  4. 4. Transforming Legacy Systems: It’s Happening Now Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved “By 2017, 60% of Global 1000 organizations will execute on at least one revolutionary and currently unimaginable business transformation effort, which will involve throwing out old business models, old processes, and old information sources for new ones involving usually the cloud in some way.” - Betsy Burton Source: this video entitled “Applying Business Architecture to Lead Business Transformation” with Betsy Burton from Gartner and published on July 31, 2014.
  5. 5. Reasons to Modernize Legacy Systems Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved • Key employees have retired or are about to leave • Operation and maintenance costs are high • More and more users complain that the legacy system is hard to use • Business Process have changed • There’s no tight integration with future applications • It’s not mobile ready Source: this article entitled “Why Legacy IT is a Government Time Bomb” written by Mark Rockwell and published on November 16, 2015.
  6. 6. Yet Many Legacy Systems Are Here to Stay Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved • Not every legacy system needs to be replaced • COBOL in particular is unmatched in supporting large volumes of transactional data • Replacing legacy systems’ core business logic is both costly and risky. • Legacy Systems often needs to work along with the cloud  Which one should stick around? Which one should not? In what order? Source: “IT Modernization Strategy: Reuse Rather than Replace” written by Ed Airey and published on March 18, 2015.
  7. 7. Managing Legacy Software Modernization Business Architecture - Capabilities - Organization - Values - Information - Initiatives - Strategies - Products - Stakeholders - Assets - Requirements - Process - Measuring Evolution & Impacts - Requirements - User Stories - Schemas - Agile Methodologies Business Architects Business Analysts Code Analysis - Recover & Understand - Extract Business Rules - Agile Methodologies Software/Application Architects - Tests - Documentation (basic) - Evaluate Impacts of Changes - Design & Software Architecture - Software Code - Documentation (advanced) Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. Section 2 The Cloud. What? Why? How? Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits
  9. 9. What is the Architecture of the Cloud? Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved • Everyone has their own opinion • One differentiation is Public, Private, Hybrid • Another is Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a service (SaaS) • One perspective is that the cloud is a new ‘sourcing’ strategy • Here’s a more independent view: the National Technical Information Service (NTIS)
  10. 10. Government Cloud Computing Reference Architecture Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source of the NIST (a US Agency) Cloud Computing Reference Architecture: http://cloud-perspectives.com/?slide_id=111
  11. 11. Government Cloud Consumers/Citizens Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: the NIST (a US Federal Agency) http://www.nist.gov/
  12. 12. Public, Private, Hybrid Cloud Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Wikipedia https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cloud_computing_types.svg
  13. 13. What Does the Cloud Mean to You? Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf to IT ….. to managers …..
  14. 14. What Should the Cloud Strategy Be? Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  To answer this, we first need to answer several other questions. o How does it relate to the business strategy? o What capabilities are involved? o How will it affect stakeholder interactions? o What organizational units will be involved / affected? o What will the costs / benefits tradeoff be? o How will we prioritize a roadmap and plan?  As an architect, how do we go about answering these questions?
  15. 15. Section 3 Business Architecture Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  16. 16. • 66% of HR and IT organizations develop strategic plans that are not linked to the enterprise strategy. Sources: the first 2 bullets are derived from The Strategy-to-Execution Process: A Critical Component of Transient Competitive Advantage in the European Business Review on November 7, 2013 and the last bullet is derived from various additional studies made by Towers Watson, Harvard Business Review, and McKinsey & Co. Today’s Business Disconnects Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés • 95% of employees in most organizations do not understand their organisation’s strategy • Only 25% to 30% of business transformation initiatives are successful over the long term
  17. 17. Today’s IT vs Business Disconnects Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 - All Rights Reserved Sources: http://image- store.slidesharecdn.com/3b0 f9b75-76aa-4898-91e9- 11fddf6c4911-large.jpeg. How users see IT and developers How IT and developers see users
  18. 18. Business architecture is defined as “A blueprint of the enterprise that provides a common understanding of the organization and is used to align strategic objectives and tactical demands." - BIZBOK® Guide, slide 1 The Business Architecture Definition Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  19. 19. Business Overview According to Business Architecture Figure 1.1 of the BIZBOK® Guide on slide 2Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  20. 20. Information Maps Strategy MapsStakeholders Maps Organization Maps Initiative Maps Product Maps Asset Maps Value Maps Capability Maps Process Maps (BPM) Requirements Maps Business Architecture The BIZBOK® Maps of Business Architecture Source: Figure 1 in the article entitled “Increase your Transformation Success Rate with Business Architecture” in LinkedIn on April 21, 2015.Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  21. 21. Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés Business Architecture Stops Business Silos Source: figure in the article entitled “Beware the Business Silos! Fun Cartoons, Plus Helpful Solutions” in Tibbr on March 9, 2012
  22. 22. Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés Stopping IT Silo Effect with Business Architecture Enterprise Architects Business Analysts Process Experts Software/Appli- cation/IT/Network Architects Business Architecture
  23. 23. Section 4 Business Motivation Model / Strategy Mapping Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits
  24. 24. Business Motivation Model Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  The Business Motivation Model answers key business questions: o Why are we doing this cloud initiative? o How will we know if it’s working?  What is the impact on our decisions with the cloud?  Which tactics can best be implemented where?  How will they need to integrate together?  Will the cloud make it more or less difficult to measure success?
  25. 25. Business Motivation Model Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: From the BMM and TOGAF 9.1 toward SOA - capitalizing on the Business Capabilities - http://goobiz.com/From_BMM_to_SOA.htm
  26. 26. Business Motivation Model Subset Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf
  27. 27. Other Strategy Map Methods: SWOT Analysis & Balance Scorecard Source: http://picgalaxy.net/swot-analysis/ Source: http://blog.bizzdesign.com/business-performance-management- balanced-scorecards-and-the-decision-model/ Balance Score Card Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  28. 28. Other Strategy Map Methods: Business Model Canvas Source: http://bmimatters.com/tag/business-model-canvas-examples/ Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  29. 29. Section 5 Capability Map Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  30. 30. Detailed Capability Diagram (Level 1 & 2) Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1
  31. 31. Capabilities and the Cloud Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  Strategic or Direction Setting (Top) o Provide differentiation or set direction o Reflect executive priorities o Could you run these in the cloud? o Would you if you could? – What are the decision criteria?  Supporting (Bottom) o Abilities that an organization must have to function as a business o Traditional targets for outsourcing o Cloud is a good alternative o Why would you not move these to the cloud? – What are the decision criteria?
  32. 32. Core Capabilities Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  Value Add, Core (Middle) o The heart of what an enterprise does to ensure viability and thrive in the market o Can be thought of as a customer facing view of the business  Which ones are critical to success?  How comfortable are we with them in the cloud? Could we do them better ourselves?  How do they have to work together? o End-to-end value streams o Information integration  What are the implications?  How do we make a decision?
  33. 33. Section 6 Organization/Stakeholders Map Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  34. 34. Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1 Apple Republic Org Chart (level 1 and 2)
  35. 35. Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1 Org Chart with Capabilities (Level 1 only)
  36. 36. Organization/Stakeholder Analysis Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  The interaction with each stakeholder can be expressed in a value stream.  There will usually be several value streams for each stakeholder.  Analysis of the stages of a value stream provide insight into the opportunities for new interactions via the cloud (e.g. mobile devices, social networks) and to evaluate the potential value (internal & external).  Having identified beneficial areas for new interaction, we then identify the new capabilities that we need to support them.  Each affected stage of the value stream may require one or more new capabilities.  Of course, many of these capabilities would be common for multiple value streams and multiple stakeholders.  For each new or enhanced capability, there is a need to identify different sourcing options. Some capabilities may be available from the cloud, some as commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products, and others as customized implementations.
  37. 37. Organization Maps Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  How will the cloud affect organization structure?  What might a new organization structure look like?  What will the political implications be?  Do the organizations have the skills to source via the cloud and manage those apps?  How do you avoid silos and redundancies?
  38. 38. Section 7 Value Maps Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  39. 39. Value Streams Diagram Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1
  40. 40. Value Stages to Capabilities Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1
  41. 41. About Value Streams & Value Stages Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  Value Streams tell us: o ‘How’ things are done for a specific stakeholder and scenario o How different processes fit together to support a stakeholder o What information must be shared between processes  ‘Stages’ of a value stream require specific capabilities  Stages of a value stream may be implemented by processes  Value Streams identify capabilities that are critical to the delivery of value (satisfaction) to our most important stakeholders.  Value Streams tell us about the integration requirements of capabilities, processes and information and about an organization’s decision to source on the cloud.
  42. 42. Section 8 Process Maps Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  43. 43. Process Model – Internal Activities Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf
  44. 44. Process Model – External Activities Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf
  45. 45. Business Processes in the Cloud Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  Move entire process to the cloud  Source some of the tasks from the cloud  What does that mean? o Loss of control – Collaboration versus Coordination o Data integration and transformation o Visibility o Activity Monitoring (BAM) o Auditing and Reporting
  46. 46. Section 9 Information Maps Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  47. 47. Information to Capabilities Linkage Figure 2.5.2 of the BIZBOK® Guide on slide 162Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  48. 48. Enterprise Information Concerns Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  What is the critical enterprise information?  How is that information characterized and classified?  What information is critical to efficient end-to-end integration?  What information are you comfortable keeping on the cloud?  What information are you comfortable having under the control of another business?  How much integration / transformation will be required for consistent and efficient end-to-end interactions?  What information semantics do you need to own?
  49. 49. Section 10 Initiative Map & Asset Map Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  50. 50. Initiatives Diagram Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  51. 51. Initiatives Diagram Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1 Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  52. 52. Initiative Roadmap Example Source: Business Architecture in a Merger & Acquisition Context – Part 1 Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  53. 53. Assets Map & Linkage to Other Maps List of Assets complying to TOGAF List of Business Architecture Map Compliant to BIZBOK Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  54. 54. Section 11 Extracting Technical Artifacts, Business Rules & the Application Architecture from Legacy Systems Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  55. 55. Technical Artifacts and Key Business Benefits Extracted Assets Quality Characteristics Business Benefits  Application Architecture  Functionality Duplication  Supported Business Capability  Data and Control Flows  Architectural Issues  Revenue Generated  Business Logic  Logic Complexity  Market Growth Potential  Code Metrics  Code Weaknesses  Cost Saving  Defects  Lower Risk Technical Artifacts Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  56. 56. High Level Extraction Process Code Model Conditions of Interest Conceptual Model Business Rules Business Object Model Business Rules IRIS Code Analyzer Source Code Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  57. 57. How Do We Find Rules? • Data-driven approach • Based on the usage of Database fields (what we call Variables of Interest (VOI)) in Conditions of Interest (COI)  • Can filter based on those (implement in stages) • Uses both control and data flow (program slicing) Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  58. 58. Impacts of Proper Design and Analytical Software Code Usage Extracted Assets Quality Characteristics Business Benefits  Code Changes  Code Changes  Time-to-Completion: Analysis Task Happen as Much as 90% Faster  Business Logic Extraction  Business Logic Extraction  Lower Cost: Less Time = Less Money  Code Re-Architecting  Data Changes  Accuracy: Automation Reduces Risk of Error and Improves Output  Data Changes  Software Removal  Software Removal Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  59. 59. Section 12 Other Issues with the Cloud Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  60. 60. Issues with the Cloud Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  Availability / Reliability  Security  Incident Management  Accountability  Semantics  Integration  Regulatory Compliance  Visibility
  61. 61. Lock-In & Interoperability Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf  What happens if you want to move to a different Cloud provider? o Mergers and Acquisitions o Out of business o Poor performance (cost, SLA, technical)  Can you move to a new platform? o What level of features / functions have you used? o Is everything assessable through an API? o Are industry standards followed? Do they exist?  What about your data? o Can I get my data out at all? o How much is it going to cost to get my data out? o How much of my time is it going to take to get my data out?  Cloud relationships will come to an end. Have an exit strategy!
  62. 62. Business Decision Matrix Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved Source: Applying Business Architecture to the Cloud slide Deck by Mike Rosen (June 2013) http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/0C09C473 -059E-498D-906F-E98CE494AB00/basig-13-06-12.pdf
  63. 63. Section 13 Examples from the Business Architecture Guild Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits
  64. 64. Examples from the Business Architecture Guild Source: http://www.businessarchitectureguild.org/?slide=002 Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  65. 65. Section 14 The US Patent & Trademark Office Example Leveraging Business Architecture for Major Portfolio Initiatives and Business Requirements Management Source: 1- http://www.omg.org/cgi-bin/doc?basig/2015-03-06 and 2- http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.businessarchitectureguild.org/resource/collection/31E 9670C-D71F-44C0-BF8F-964DF37090E2/basig-14-03-18.pdf Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  66. 66. Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  67. 67. Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  68. 68. Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved PaaS Cloud Transformation Initiative
  69. 69. Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved PaaS Cloud Transformtion
  70. 70. Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  71. 71. Benchmark Consulting Canada Copyright 2016 – All Rights Reserved
  72. 72. Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés
  73. 73. Avoiding Confusion in User Stories with Business Architecture Benchmark Consulting Canada Droit d’auteur 2016 – Tous droits réservés Capabilities Stakeholders Value The User Story of the Requirement “A-198” The Loan Officer(S1) wants to set(V1) the terms(I1) of the agreement(I2) to reduce(V2) the monthly minimal payment(I3) of its Personal Client(S2) who wants to Acquire a Loan(V3), involving decisions(P1) from a Loan Administrator (S3), a Loan Manager(S4) and a Contract Manager(S5) and involving the capability of Agreement Structuring(C1) and its children Agreement Terms Management(C2) to Approve a Loan(V4)» • Agreement Structuring (level 3) (C1) • Agreement Terms Management (level 4) (C2) • Loan Officer (S1) • Personal Client (S2) • Loan Administrator (S3) • Loan Manager (S4) • Contract Manager (S5) • Set the terms of the agreement (value item) (V1) • Reduce the monthly minimal payment (value item) (V2) • Acquire a Loan (value stream) (V3) • Approve a Loan (value stage) (V4) Information • Terms of loan (I1) • Loan Agreement (I2) • Monthly Minimal Payment of Loan (I3) Process • Process B-231 – Change Terms of a Loan (P1)
  74. 74. Thanks! IRIS Business Architect Web site: http://biz-architect.com Email: info@biz-architect.com Phone: +1-514-798-2042 x2010

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