introduction The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) was created on May 18, 1994 through the passage of Republic Act No.7722,or the Higher Education Act of 1994. The CHED has been designed to act as a collegial body in formulating plans, policies and strategies relating to higher education and the operation of CHED
The seriousness of the present educational system as pointed out by EDCOM Report was translated into the enactment of RA 7722; creating the CHED (Commission on Higher Education), in 1995, to supervise the tertiary degree programs. This change was hopefully could turn out excellent and globally competitive graduates who can help improve the quality of life of the people via skills training, technology transfer and innovative research.
Republic Act No. 7722, known as the Higher Education Act of 1994, is a law that created the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), appropriating funds therefor and for other purposes. It provides for the composition of the Commission and establishes the Higher Education Department Fund to strengthen the higher education in the Philippines.
Declaration of Policy. — The State shallprotect, foster and promote the right of allcitizens to affordable quality education at alllevels and shall take appropriate steps toensure that education shall be accessible toall. The State shall likewise ensure and protectacademic freedom and shall promote itsexercise and observance for the continuingintellectual growth, the advancement oflearning and research, the development ofresponsible and effective leadership, theeducation of high-level and middle-levelprofessionals and the enrichment of ourhistorical and cultural heritage
Creation of the Commission on HigherEducation. — In pursuance of theabovementioned policies, the Commission onHigher Education is hereby created hereinafterreferred to as the Commission.The Commission shall be independent andseparate from the Department of Education,Culture and Sports (DECS), and attached to theOffice of the President for administrativepurposes only. Its coverage shall be bothpublic and private institutions of highereducation as well as degree-granting programsin all post-secondary educational institutions,public and private.
Composition of the Commission. — TheCommission shall be composed of five (5) full-time members. During the transition periodwhich begins upon approval of this Act,President may appoint the Secretary ofEducation, Culture and Sports as ex-officiochairman of the Commission for a maximumperiod of one (1) year. Thereafter, thePresident shall appoint a Chairman of theCommission and four (4) commissioners, whoshall be holders of earned doctorate(s), whohave been actively engaged in highereducation for at least ten (10) years, and mustnot have been candidates for electivepositions in the elections immediatelypreceding their appointment.
Term of Office. — The President shall appoint the full-time chairman and the commissioners for a term of four (4) years, without prejudice to one reappointment. The terms of the initial appointees shall be on a staggered basis: the full-time chairman shall hold office for a term of four (4) years, the next two (2) commissioners for three (3) years, and the last two (2) commissioners for two (2) years.
Rank and Emoluments. — The chairman and the commissioners shall have the rank of a Department Secretary and Undersecretary, respectively. They shall receive the compensation and other emoluments corresponding to those of a Department Secretary and Undersecretary, respectively, and shall be subject to the same
Board of Advisers. — There shall be constituted a Board of Advisers which shall meet with the Commission at least once a year to assist it in aligning its policies and plans with the cultural, political and socioeconomic development needs of the nation and with the demands of world-class scholarship.
The Secretariat. — The Commission shall organize a secretariat which shall be headed by an executive officer, subject to the national compensation and position classification plan. It shall fix the secretariats staffing pattern, determine the duties, qualifications, responsibilities and functions, as well as the compensation scheme for the positions to be created upon the recommendation of the executive officer. It shall also prepare and approve its budget.
The Technical Panels. — The Commission shall reconstitute and/or organize technical panels for different disciplines/program areas. They shall assist the Commission in setting standards and in program and institution monitoring and evaluation. The technical panels shall be composed of senior specialists or academicians to be appointed by the
Authority. — The Commission shallexercise such authority as may bedeemed necessary within its premisesor areas of operation to effectivelycarry out its powers and functions andto attain its objectives: provided, thatthe Commission may seek theassistance of other governmentagencies for the proper implementationof this Act.
Appropriation. — The amount of Five hundred million pesos (P500,000,000) is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the seed capital of the Fund. The additional amount of Fifty million pesos (P50,000,000) is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of the funds in the National Treasury not otherwise appropriated or out of the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) funds for the initial operation of the Commission.
SECTION 19. Repealing Clause. — All laws, presidential decrees, executive orders, rules and regulations or parts thereof which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. SECTION 20. Separability Clause. — If any part or provision of this Act shall be held unconstitutional or invalid, other provisions hereof which are not affected thereby shall continue to be in full force and effect. SECTION 21. Effectivity. — This Act shall take effect upon its approval
Formulate and recommend development plans, policies,priorities, and programs on higher education; Formulate and recommend development plans, policies, priorities, and programs on research; Recommend to the executive and legislative branches priorities and grants on higher education and research;
Recommend to the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) the budgets of public institutions of higher learning as well as general guidelines for the use of their income; Rationalize programs and institutions of higher learning and set standards, policies and guidelines for the creation of new ones as well as the conversion or elevation of schools to institutions of higher learning, subject to budgetary limitations and the number of institutions of higher learning in the province or region where creation, conversion or elevation is sought to be made; Develop criteria for allocating additional resources such as research and program development grants, scholarships, and the other similar programs: Provided, that these shall not detract from the fiscal autonomy already enjoyed by colleges and universities;
Direct or redirect purposive research by institutions of higher learning to meet the needs of agro-industrialization and development; Devise and implement resource development schemes; Administer the Higher Education Development Fund, as described in Section 10 of R.A. 7722, which will promote the purposes of higher education;
Review the charters of institutions of higher learning and state universities and colleges including the chairmanship and membership of their governing bodies and recommend appropriate measures as basis for necessary action; Promulgate such rules and regulations and exercise such other powers and functions as may be necessary to carry out effectively the purpose and objectives of R.A. 7722; and Perform such other functions as may be necessary for its effective operations and for the continued enhancement, growth and development of higher education.