(Im)balances in doctoral mobility


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A talk given at the workshop "From imbalanced to balanced Mobility in the EHEA – current Challenges and Perspectives for the Future", 28-29 March 2011, Berlin. See http://species-id.net/wiki/User:Daniel_Mietchen/Bologna_workshop_2011_mobility_%28imbalances%29 for further information.

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(Im)balances in doctoral mobility

  1. 1. Mobility patterns of doctoral researchers-Comparison between countries and disciplines At the Bologna Seminar From Imbalanced to Balanced Mobility in the EHEA – Current Challenges and Perspectives for the Future Snežana Krstić & Daniel Mietchen Berlin, March 28, 2011 www.eurodoc.net
  2. 2. EURODOC in Europe EUROPEAN COUNCIL OF DOCTORAL CANDIDATES AND JUNIOR RESEARCHERS • Voice of young researchers in Europe • Promotes young researchers • Contributes to EHEA and ERA policies • Partner of EC, EUA, Euroscience, ESOF www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  3. 3. Eurodoc on a Map www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  4. 4. EURODOC survey on doctoral candidates • Purpose: o Exploring the real situation concerning currentconditions related to mobility, career development, assessment ofdoctoral programme and working conditions o Supporting Eurodoc policy activities with empirical evidence o Exploring the differences between countries, cultures and models of doctoral education • About 100,000 respondents from over 30 countries • The first survey of doctoral researchers on thisscale – in cooperation with the InternationalCentre for Higher Education Research at theUniversity of Kassel. • Previous surveys are mainly country reports or focused only on some topics • http://www.eurodoc.net/workgroups/surveys/ www.eurodoc.net
  5. 5. The professional reasons for going abroad – Part 1 www.eurodoc.net 1/18/11Preliminary results; official presentation at Eurodoc 2011
  6. 6. The professional reasons for going abroad – Part 2 www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  7. 7. Pursuing doctorate abroad 21.3% (22% female and 19.9% male) www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  8. 8. The most important sources of funding Scholarships 63.3% Employment 46.1% Personal savings 21.4% www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  9. 9. The most important sources of funding www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  10. 10. Personal reasons for mobility – Part 1 Better career prospects 79.7% Cooperation with prominent scientists 75.9% Better research facilities abroad 75.2% … Professional plans of family members Better social security www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  11. 11. Personal reasons for mobility – Part 2 www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  12. 12. Personal reasons for mobility – Part 3 www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  13. 13. Other obstacles recognized by Eurodoc Recruitment procedures Not efficient and not transparent The European Charter for Researchers and The Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers (Charter & Code) Low awareness on Charter & Code Less then 9% www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  14. 14. Intention to move or stay abroad (geographical distribution) Yes 30.9% No 21.6% www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  15. 15. Intention to move or stay abroad (disciplinary distribution) www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  16. 16. Doctoral research at the intersection Of EHEA and ERA In the ERA and many member countries, there is a focus on sharpening the research profile of a region. Research spending varies widely across reginos and countries. This means that researchers in different disciplines will be differently attracted to a given region. A certain level of imbalances is inevitable. What level of balance should we strive for? www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  17. 17. Mobility for mobilitys sake? Some personal comments Reconsider virtual (and blended) mobility. I could have given this talk remotely Others could have joined in remotely Some programs count international experience in terms of (post-graduate) years abroad. But much international experience can be gained at home while cooperating with others over the web or taking web-based international courses. International experience does not guarantee a permanent position in public research. www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  18. 18. Conclusions Geographical and disciplinary differences in mobility pattern exist Unsuitable recruitment procedures are an obstacle to mobility and career prospects Awareness on Charter & Code should be improved Start thinking about virtual mobility www.eurodoc.net1/18/11
  19. 19. For more information, please, visit our webpage: www.eurodoc.net or contact us at: board@eurodoc.net The presentation is based onthe one for the 4th EUA-CDE workshop, Budapest, Jan 2011 www.eurodoc.net