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  1. 1. Residential Landscape Pavement
  2. 2. Definition of Pavement  It is any hard natural or artificial surface material that placed on the ground plan of the outdoor space to establish a durable surface. Gravel Brick Tile Stone Asphalt Wood Decking Concrete
  3. 3. Advantages of Pavement 1. It is an expensive ground surface. So , it is costly more than vegetation 2. it is a hard. 3. It is a durable. 4. It is an able to define exact edges of shapes and forms . 5. It is easier maintenance than plants
  4. 4. Disadvantages of Pavement 1. It tends to be hotter than vegetative , ground surfaces exposed to the sun. 2. They are impermeable to percolation of water. 3. It used in great quantities such as in urban areas , this quality of impervious pavement can cause flooding and erosion . 4. Many urban areas suffer from ever present inhuman expanses of hard paving.
  5. 5. Functional and Compositional uses Pavement can accommodate wheeled vehicles more easily than other ground surface materials. Pavement can perform throughout the year in all weather conditions. In dry weather , pavement prevents wind erosion and dust that result from barren earth surface.
  6. 6. “Desire lines” plotted between major entrances of buildings 2-Provide Direction Walks are designed and located to reflect desire lines A ribbon of pavement can be used to lead the eye and provide direction between points in the landscape .
  7. 7. Urban space with numerous “ Desire Lines “ Located between buildings 2-Provide Direction Paved plaza accommodates the numerous paths of movement while maintaining unity
  8. 8. 2-Provide Direction A Strong Pavement Pattern can Direct and Lead Pedestrians between adjoining spaces in an urban Setting
  9. 9. 3-Suggest Rate & Rhythm of Movement  Width of Pavement: Casual Path and type of movement is affected by pavement width and layout Controlled Nervous
  10. 10. 3-Suggest Rate & Rhythm of Movement Rhythm of movement can be influenced by the above variable

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