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Daniel Pintado Mínguez




 Art Nouveau
Index
1.-Art Nouveau:
•   Definition
•   Characteristics
•   Changes in graphic arts and crafts
•   Important centres of the style
•   Example of an Art Nouveau Work
2.-Antoni Gaudí:
• Biography
• Examples of Gaudí’s work
Art Nouveau
This style appeared in Europe
at the end of the 19th Century.
This new style broke up with
the predominant historicist
currents. It drew inspiration
from nature: curved lines,
organic motifs (flowers, plants),
exuberant decoration. The
work of art was understood as
a whole, including all arts and
crafts (architecture, sculpture,
painting, furniture, ceramics,
wrought ironwork, stained
glasses…).




                                    Art Nouveau door by
                                    Jules Lavirotte, Paris
Characteristics
The main characteristics of the Nouveau Art are:

•    Inspiration on nature and its elements.

•    Use of curved lines, organic motifs…

•     Use of female image mainly in a sensual
    position.

•    Use of exotic motifs of different cultures.

•     Contrast between the decoration and the
    decorated item.


                                                   Summer, Alphonse Mucha
Graphic arts and crafts
  -   Art Nouveau spread very quickly in
      graphic arts: in the illustration of
      books and magazines and posters
                                                           Art Nouveau
   - The arts of jewellery, glassware,                     jewellery
      ceramics, furniture and forge were
      revitalized by Art Nouveau, having
      nature as the main source of
      inspiration.




F. Champenois Printer and     Tiffany´s Dragonfly lamp   Art Nouveau furniture
Editor Poster, Alphonse Mucha
Art Nouveau Painting
 In contrast to both academicism and
 impressionism, these painters changed the
 daily themes for symbolic and conceptual
 contents, between which the woman stands
 out, with an erotic treatment that comes up to
 the perversion.




                         Princess Hiacinth,
                         Alphonse Mucha




                                              Gismonda, Sarah Bernhardt ´s
                                              poster of Alphonse Mucha
Art Nouveau sculpture
  It took the female figure as a central topic in different
  attitudes.
Some examples of sculptors:
•   Spain: José de Rivera, José Llimona, Enrique Clarasó, Venancio Vallmitjana
    and José Clará.
•   Belgium: Fernand Dubois and Egide Rombaux
•   Austria: Gustav Gurschner
•   Poland: Xavery Dunikowski



                             Exterminating
                             Angel, Josep
                             Llimona



                                                        The Goddess, by Clarà
Architecture
- Art Nouveau Architecture is a
   bourgeois and very expensive art,
   which tries to integrate all the arts
   and crafts in architecture. It is an
   essentially decorative current. This
   movement used iron and crystal in
   architecture, but also forge and
   mostly curved elements.



                          Grand Place of
                          Brussels




  The most important centres of this style were Brussels, Paris and Barcelona
Important centres of the style: France
    The most important architect was Hector Guimard designed several
    metro station entrances in Paris, some hotels and Synagogues


                                     Synagogue,
                                  Hector Guimard




Abbesses Metro Station entrance
designed by Hector Guimard
Important centres of the style: Belgium
     In Belgium, Victor Horta worked in Brussels, where he built the
     Hôtel Tassel, many public buildings in Brussels such as, the Palais
     des Beaux Arts, Solvay Library and his house and workshop.




 The Palais des Beaux Arts, Victor Horta
                                                Hôtel Tassel by Victor Horta
Important centres of the style: Spain
 The most important architects in Barcelona were Lluís Domènech I
 Montaner (Music Palace) and Antonio Gaudí: The Holy Family,
 Batlló House, Güell Park...




                                       Palau de la Música (Barcelona)
   Lleó Morera House, by Lluís              by Lluís Domènech
 Domènech i Montaner, Barcelona
Example of an Art Nouveau Work
        •   Title: The night
        •   Author: Alphonse Mucha
        •   Chronology: 1899
        •   Location : Alphonse Mucha’s Museum, Prague
        •   Material used: Colour lithograph
        •   Description: Alphonse Mucha painted the four
            Times of the day: The Morning, The Day, The
            Afternoon and The Night. Mucha tried to create a
            compelling harmony of vision, whose intention
            was to inspire and elevate the viewer.Mucha also
            painted several series of paintings similar to this
            one, for example one the four seasons of the
            year.

            The Art Nouveau’s characteristics are the use of
             nature elements, organic forms, geometric
             structure… He used the female image mainly in a
             sensual position. He also painted movement in
             the dress of the woman and bright colours.
The times of the day
The seasons of the year
Antoni Gaudí
  Gaudí was the most important representative of Art
  Nouveau in Spain. He was influenced by Gothic art and
  oriental styles. He used: hyperboloid vaults and
  helicoidal columns. Gaudí also used the trencadís, a
  mosaic made of ceramic fragments. One example of
  trencadís is the Dragonfly of Güell Park.



Many of his works
were commissioned
by the Güell family.
Gaudí was an architect with an innate sense of geometry and
volume and great ingenuity. He studied the most minimal details of
his creations. After a short time of Neogothic influence, Gaudí
ended in Art Nouveau in his period of major effervescence.

There are innumerable studies
dedicated to his way of
understanding architecture.
The Holy Family is one of
Gaudí’s most visited
monuments in Spain nowadays.
Between 1984 and 2005 seven
Gaudí´s works were been
considered to be Heritage of
the Humanity by the UNESCO.

                                     Mila’s House, Barcelona
Examples of Gaudi’s buildings




                    Güell Park, Barcelona
Entrance gate to the
Güell Pavilions.




                       Holy Family,
                       Barcelona
           The Whim
La Casa Botines,
                           Astorga




                   Interior of Batlló
                              House
Dragonfly of the
   Güell Park
Batlló House
• Title: Batlló House
• Author: Antonio Gaudí
• Chronology: The first house
  was built in 1875 by Emili Sala
  Cortés, but later it was restored
  by Gaudí in 1904- 1906.
• Location : Barcelona,
  Catalunya
• Material used: Iron, wood,
  concrete, tiles, glass...
•   Description:
       Facade: Gaudí used the trencadís to build it and
    it has a wavy surface. He also used masks, bones,
    confetti and the dragonfly scales as decorative
    elements.
       Interior: It has 8 floors. The hall is rectangular
    and it has curved ceilings, marble floors and a blue
    ceramic decoration in the bottom of the stucco wall
    at the top.
       Roof: It is built with tiles that simulates dragonfly
    scales. It has a tower that ends with a Latin cross.




                                              Main Hall
The Art Nouveau’s characteristics
are organic forms, geometric
architecture, nature elements, the
use of exotic elements… It starts
with some refinements of
Baroque, but it acquired great
rich structure of forms and curved
lines.
Sources
• Wikipedia: Art Nouveau and Antoni Gaudi articles. 2012. 27th March
  2012. <http://es.wikipedia.org/>

• Historial de diseño on the Internet. 2012.12th April 2012. <
  http://historialdedisenio.wordpress.com/2008/05/30/las-pinturas-de-alphon
  >

• Foro Xerbar on the Internet. 2012. 12th April 2012. <
  http://www.foroxerbar.com/viewtopic.php?t=7214>

• Página oficial de la Casa Batlló. 2012. 24th April 2012. <
  http://www.casabatllo.es/es/historia/fachada/>

• Mucha Foundation. © 2012 Mucha Foundation. 24th April 2012.
  <http://www.muchafoundation.org/gallery/themes/theme/art-posters>

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Art Nouveau and Antoni Gaudi

  • 2. Index 1.-Art Nouveau: • Definition • Characteristics • Changes in graphic arts and crafts • Important centres of the style • Example of an Art Nouveau Work 2.-Antoni Gaudí: • Biography • Examples of Gaudí’s work
  • 3. Art Nouveau This style appeared in Europe at the end of the 19th Century. This new style broke up with the predominant historicist currents. It drew inspiration from nature: curved lines, organic motifs (flowers, plants), exuberant decoration. The work of art was understood as a whole, including all arts and crafts (architecture, sculpture, painting, furniture, ceramics, wrought ironwork, stained glasses…). Art Nouveau door by Jules Lavirotte, Paris
  • 4. Characteristics The main characteristics of the Nouveau Art are: • Inspiration on nature and its elements. • Use of curved lines, organic motifs… • Use of female image mainly in a sensual position. • Use of exotic motifs of different cultures. • Contrast between the decoration and the decorated item. Summer, Alphonse Mucha
  • 5. Graphic arts and crafts - Art Nouveau spread very quickly in graphic arts: in the illustration of books and magazines and posters Art Nouveau - The arts of jewellery, glassware, jewellery ceramics, furniture and forge were revitalized by Art Nouveau, having nature as the main source of inspiration. F. Champenois Printer and Tiffany´s Dragonfly lamp Art Nouveau furniture Editor Poster, Alphonse Mucha
  • 6. Art Nouveau Painting In contrast to both academicism and impressionism, these painters changed the daily themes for symbolic and conceptual contents, between which the woman stands out, with an erotic treatment that comes up to the perversion. Princess Hiacinth, Alphonse Mucha Gismonda, Sarah Bernhardt ´s poster of Alphonse Mucha
  • 7. Art Nouveau sculpture It took the female figure as a central topic in different attitudes. Some examples of sculptors: • Spain: José de Rivera, José Llimona, Enrique Clarasó, Venancio Vallmitjana and José Clará. • Belgium: Fernand Dubois and Egide Rombaux • Austria: Gustav Gurschner • Poland: Xavery Dunikowski Exterminating Angel, Josep Llimona The Goddess, by Clarà
  • 8. Architecture - Art Nouveau Architecture is a bourgeois and very expensive art, which tries to integrate all the arts and crafts in architecture. It is an essentially decorative current. This movement used iron and crystal in architecture, but also forge and mostly curved elements. Grand Place of Brussels The most important centres of this style were Brussels, Paris and Barcelona
  • 9. Important centres of the style: France The most important architect was Hector Guimard designed several metro station entrances in Paris, some hotels and Synagogues Synagogue, Hector Guimard Abbesses Metro Station entrance designed by Hector Guimard
  • 10. Important centres of the style: Belgium In Belgium, Victor Horta worked in Brussels, where he built the Hôtel Tassel, many public buildings in Brussels such as, the Palais des Beaux Arts, Solvay Library and his house and workshop. The Palais des Beaux Arts, Victor Horta Hôtel Tassel by Victor Horta
  • 11. Important centres of the style: Spain The most important architects in Barcelona were Lluís Domènech I Montaner (Music Palace) and Antonio Gaudí: The Holy Family, Batlló House, Güell Park... Palau de la Música (Barcelona) Lleó Morera House, by Lluís by Lluís Domènech Domènech i Montaner, Barcelona
  • 12. Example of an Art Nouveau Work • Title: The night • Author: Alphonse Mucha • Chronology: 1899 • Location : Alphonse Mucha’s Museum, Prague • Material used: Colour lithograph • Description: Alphonse Mucha painted the four Times of the day: The Morning, The Day, The Afternoon and The Night. Mucha tried to create a compelling harmony of vision, whose intention was to inspire and elevate the viewer.Mucha also painted several series of paintings similar to this one, for example one the four seasons of the year. The Art Nouveau’s characteristics are the use of nature elements, organic forms, geometric structure… He used the female image mainly in a sensual position. He also painted movement in the dress of the woman and bright colours.
  • 13. The times of the day
  • 14. The seasons of the year
  • 15. Antoni Gaudí Gaudí was the most important representative of Art Nouveau in Spain. He was influenced by Gothic art and oriental styles. He used: hyperboloid vaults and helicoidal columns. Gaudí also used the trencadís, a mosaic made of ceramic fragments. One example of trencadís is the Dragonfly of Güell Park. Many of his works were commissioned by the Güell family.
  • 16. Gaudí was an architect with an innate sense of geometry and volume and great ingenuity. He studied the most minimal details of his creations. After a short time of Neogothic influence, Gaudí ended in Art Nouveau in his period of major effervescence. There are innumerable studies dedicated to his way of understanding architecture. The Holy Family is one of Gaudí’s most visited monuments in Spain nowadays. Between 1984 and 2005 seven Gaudí´s works were been considered to be Heritage of the Humanity by the UNESCO. Mila’s House, Barcelona
  • 17. Examples of Gaudi’s buildings Güell Park, Barcelona
  • 18. Entrance gate to the Güell Pavilions. Holy Family, Barcelona The Whim
  • 19. La Casa Botines, Astorga Interior of Batlló House Dragonfly of the Güell Park
  • 21. • Title: Batlló House • Author: Antonio Gaudí • Chronology: The first house was built in 1875 by Emili Sala Cortés, but later it was restored by Gaudí in 1904- 1906. • Location : Barcelona, Catalunya • Material used: Iron, wood, concrete, tiles, glass...
  • 22. Description: Facade: Gaudí used the trencadís to build it and it has a wavy surface. He also used masks, bones, confetti and the dragonfly scales as decorative elements. Interior: It has 8 floors. The hall is rectangular and it has curved ceilings, marble floors and a blue ceramic decoration in the bottom of the stucco wall at the top. Roof: It is built with tiles that simulates dragonfly scales. It has a tower that ends with a Latin cross. Main Hall
  • 23. The Art Nouveau’s characteristics are organic forms, geometric architecture, nature elements, the use of exotic elements… It starts with some refinements of Baroque, but it acquired great rich structure of forms and curved lines.
  • 24. Sources • Wikipedia: Art Nouveau and Antoni Gaudi articles. 2012. 27th March 2012. <http://es.wikipedia.org/> • Historial de diseño on the Internet. 2012.12th April 2012. < http://historialdedisenio.wordpress.com/2008/05/30/las-pinturas-de-alphon > • Foro Xerbar on the Internet. 2012. 12th April 2012. < http://www.foroxerbar.com/viewtopic.php?t=7214> • Página oficial de la Casa Batlló. 2012. 24th April 2012. < http://www.casabatllo.es/es/historia/fachada/> • Mucha Foundation. © 2012 Mucha Foundation. 24th April 2012. <http://www.muchafoundation.org/gallery/themes/theme/art-posters>