Minorities and Prison


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Minorities and Prison

  1. 1. To what extent is the prison now being used increasingly as a method of dealing with racial/religious minorities”?<br />By Kay White<br />
  2. 2. Charles murray’s custodial state<br />The Bell Curve (1994)<br />Made links between intelligence and race<br />Developed a stratification of intelligence and race<br />Eugenics<br />Underclass of Minorities<br />
  3. 3. Ethnic minorities<br /><ul><li>The proportion of black people in jail in the UK was almost seven times their share of the population (15% vs. 2.2%), whereas in the US the proportion of black prisoners is four times greater than their population share (45% vs. 12%).
  4. 4. Black people are 8x more likely to be stopped and searched than whites and 4x more likely to be arrested
  5. 5. In England and Wales, there are 5x more blacks than whites in prison per head of population
  6. 6. 1 in 4 people in prison is from an ethnic minority background
  7. 7. ¼ of prisoners serving sentences for drug offences are black
  8. 8. Possible reasons.. Black children are 3x more likely to be permanently excluded from school...link to poverty...under represented in the penal system (2004 9 black circuit judges in England and Wales
  9. 9. RACISM IN THE POLICE FORCE – Macpherson Report 1999, Mark Daly Secret Policeman 2003</li></li></ul><li>Ethnic minority women<br /><ul><li>1 in 3 female prisoners is an ethnic minority
  10. 10. “more likely to feel isolated in custody, less likely to seek help and face additional language and cultural barriers”
  11. 11. 19% of female prisoners were foreign nationals in 2009
  12. 12. 26% of ethnic minority women reported victimisation by prison staff compared to 15% white women
  13. 13. More likely to be remanded in custody than whites
  14. 14. Ethnic minority women make up 1% of judges and 5% of the population
  15. 15. Only one ethnic minority High Court judge</li></li></ul><li>Religious groups<br />Muslims make up 12% of the prison population in England and Wales but only about 2% of the general population<br />Increasing reports of Muslim gangs in prisons<br />GROWING FEARS OVER MUSLIM PRISON GANGS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaSjMywO3-M&feature=related<br />Not all religious groups needs are catered for in prison<br />
  16. 16. conclusions<br /><ul><li>Ethnic minorities are way over-represented in prison.
  17. 17. This could be linked to factors such as poverty, unemployment, low pay etc
  18. 18. BUT...
  19. 19. There does seem to be evidence of discrimination in the legal system towards ethnic minorities
  20. 20. The so-called muslim ‘gangs’ in prison are a problem but one which has been galvanised by the press and parties like the BNP. White ‘gangs’ are a problem also. </li></li></ul><li>LINKS<br /><ul><li>GROWING FEARS OVER MUSLIM PRISON GANGS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaSjMywO3-M&feature=related
  21. 21. http://www.fawcettsociety.org.uk/documents/Realising%20Rights%20-%20Increasing%20ethnic%20minority%20women's%20access%20to%20justice%20-%20web%20version.pdf
  22. 22. http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/oct/11/black-prison-population-increase-england
  23. 23. Equality and Human Rights Commission report How Fair is Britain? http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/key-projects/triennial-review/online-summary/legal-and-physical-security/
  24. 24. http://www.irr.org.uk/cjs/</li>