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Open educational resources

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Open educational resources

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources (OER) in Higher Education: Beginning the Conversation
  2. 2. • What are Open Educational Resources? • Why are they important in Higher Education today?
  3. 3. What are Open Educational Resources? • Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain – Lesson or unit plans – Tutorials – Videos – Quizzes – Supplementary reading materials (books and articles) – Textbooks
  4. 4. What makes a resource an OER? An OER is typically licensed through the Creative Commons. This suite of licenses offers several options which allow various levels of permissions for others to use the work. For example: • Attribution (CC BY) - allows others to share and modify OER but they must attribute the original author • Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) – allows others to share and modify OER but any new OER created must have the same license terms • Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) – allows others to share and modify OER but only for noncommercial purposes • Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike – allows others to share and modify OER but only for noncommercial purposed and any new OER created must have the same license terms.
  5. 5. Benefits of OER -- The “5 Rs” • Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the content • Revise – Adapt and improve OER so that they better meet your needs • Remix – Combine various OER to produce new materials • Reuse – Use the originals or your new versions in a wide variety of contexts • Redistribute – Make copies and share originals or your new versions with others Voss, Hans, and Inc. Achieve. "State Policy Recommendations for Providing Educators Access to College- and Career-Ready Open Educational Resources." Achieve, Inc (January 1, 2015): ERIC, EBSCOhost (accessed February 17, 2017).
  6. 6. Why are OER important in Higher Education today? The cost of college textbooks has grown at an alarming rate over the last several years. Added to the increases in tuition and fees, the total cost of a college education is growing rapidly. More and more, students are graduating with enormous debts. Not the ideal way to start a career. If more faculty adopt OER we reduce some costs for our students by reducing the cost of their textbooks.
  7. 7. Faculty Response: Use OER whenever possible to supplement and/or replace traditional learning tools to help reduce costs for our students.
  8. 8. An OER Initiative at Temple University The Textbook Affordability Project at Temple Libraries • Since 2011 Temple University Libraries has provided awards to faculty to eliminate their existing textbook(s). • The Textbook Affordability Project has saved Temple University students over $500,000. • The project supports the replacement of commercially published textbooks with alternative learning materials, customized by faculty, as well as the adoption of existing open textbooks.
  9. 9. Final Question: Should Kutztown University launch a textbook affordability project similar to the Temple University model? Thoughts?
  10. 10. OER • MERLOT MERLOT is a curated collection of free and open online teaching, learning, and faculty development services contributed and used by an international education community. • Open Textbook Library There are many repositories of OER textbooks and more are being created. This one, the Open Textbook Network, from University of Minnesota's College of Education and Human Development is just one example of what is available. Textbooks in this catalog are openly licensed, complete, and available in print at very little cost. • OpenStax OpenStax is a nonprofit based at Rice University. The collection includes more than 20 books for college and AP courses.
  11. 11. “Free” Resources for Classroom Use from the Rohrbach Library • Textbooks – There are many repositories of OER textbooks and more are being created. This is just one example of what is available. • eBooks – The Rohrbach Library has many eBooks, many may be suitable as basic texts for a class. These books are not usually licensed under OER. • Articles – Databases A to Z will lead to the scholarly journals as well as reliable popular periodicals suitable for class assignments. Not OER licensed. • Videos – Films on Demand, Kanopy, Ambrose Video, and Swank are streaming videos available through the Rohrbach Library. Many are suitable for classroom use. Not OER licensed.

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