Resources (OER) in
Beginning the Conversation
• What are Open Educational Resources?
• Why are they important in Higher Education
What are Open Educational
• Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public
– Lesson or unit plans
– Supplementary reading materials (books and articles)
What makes a resource an OER?
An OER is typically licensed through the Creative Commons. This suite of licenses offers
several options which allow various levels of permissions for others to use the work. For
• Attribution (CC BY) - allows others to share and modify OER but they must attribute
the original author
• Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) – allows others to share and modify OER but any
new OER created must have the same license terms
• Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) – allows others to share and modify OER but
only for noncommercial purposes
• Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike – allows others to share and modify OER but
only for noncommercial purposed and any new OER created must have the same
Benefits of OER -- The “5 Rs”
• Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the content
• Revise – Adapt and improve OER so that they better meet your needs
• Remix – Combine various OER to produce new materials
• Reuse – Use the originals or your new versions in a wide variety of
• Redistribute – Make copies and share originals or your new versions
Voss, Hans, and Inc. Achieve. "State Policy Recommendations for Providing Educators Access to College- and Career-Ready Open Educational
Resources." Achieve, Inc (January 1, 2015): ERIC, EBSCOhost (accessed February 17, 2017).
Why are OER important in Higher
The cost of college textbooks has grown at an alarming rate over the last
several years. Added to the increases in tuition and fees, the total cost of
a college education is growing rapidly. More and more, students are
graduating with enormous debts. Not the ideal way to start a career. If
more faculty adopt OER we reduce some costs for our students by
reducing the cost of their textbooks.
Use OER whenever possible to supplement and/or replace traditional
learning tools to help reduce costs for our students.
An OER Initiative at Temple University
The Textbook Affordability Project at Temple Libraries
• Since 2011 Temple University Libraries has provided awards to faculty to eliminate
their existing textbook(s).
• The Textbook Affordability Project has saved Temple University students over
• The project supports the replacement of commercially published textbooks with
alternative learning materials, customized by faculty, as well as the adoption of
existing open textbooks.
Should Kutztown University launch a textbook affordability project similar
to the Temple University model?
MERLOT is a curated collection of free and open online teaching, learning, and
faculty development services contributed and used by an international education
• Open Textbook Library
There are many repositories of OER textbooks and more are being created. This
one, the Open Textbook Network, from University of Minnesota's College of
Education and Human Development is just one example of what is available.
Textbooks in this catalog are openly licensed, complete, and available in print at
very little cost.
OpenStax is a nonprofit based at Rice University. The collection includes more than
20 books for college and AP courses.
“Free” Resources for Classroom Use
from the Rohrbach Library
– There are many repositories of OER textbooks and more are being created. This
is just one example of what is available.
– The Rohrbach Library has many eBooks, many may be suitable as basic texts for
a class. These books are not usually licensed under OER.
– Databases A to Z will lead to the scholarly journals as well as reliable popular
periodicals suitable for class assignments. Not OER licensed.
– Films on Demand, Kanopy, Ambrose Video, and Swank are streaming videos
available through the Rohrbach Library. Many are suitable for classroom use. Not