PATTERNS OF THINKING DAMIONE MACEDON FALL 2007
Presentation Outline <ul><li>Introduction  </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Skills  </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusio...
Introduction <ul><li>What is decision-making process? </li></ul><ul><li>What process do we use to come to our own decision...
What is Decision-Making Process? <ul><li>It is the cognitive process leading to the selection of a course of action among ...
What process do we use to come to our own decisions? <ul><li>Emotional Thinking Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making decis...
What process do we use to come to our own decisions? <ul><li>Horizontal Thinking Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making deci...
How do different age groups make decisions? <ul><li>Ages 12-17 most critical decisions are made for the individuals by aut...
What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker? <ul><li>Being intellectually curious </li></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Learning to use anecdotes effectively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using stories in helping explain and understanding the...
<ul><li>Controlling emotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to not misplace, misdirect our anger, fear and frustration </li...
<ul><li>Distinguishing between conclusions “might be true” & “want to be true” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Might be true” are b...
<ul><li>Knowing when to admit to not knowing something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By giving yourself the permission to admit to...
<ul><li>Seeking a “dialogical” approach to the process of an argument </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning the ability to seek p...
Conclusion <ul><li>In both our professional and personal life, we are judged by the information we possess about people, e...
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Speech Extra Credit Powerpoint Damione Macedon

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Speech Extra Credit

  1. 1. PATTERNS OF THINKING DAMIONE MACEDON FALL 2007
  2. 2. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>What is decision-making process? </li></ul><ul><li>What process do we use to come to our own decisions? </li></ul><ul><li>How do different age groups make decisions? </li></ul><ul><li>What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker? </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Decision-Making Process? <ul><li>It is the cognitive process leading to the selection of a course of action among several alternatives. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What process do we use to come to our own decisions? <ul><li>Emotional Thinking Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making decisions based on emotions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Logical Thinking Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making decisions based on facts. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vertical Thinking Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A step by step procedure to make decisions. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What process do we use to come to our own decisions? <ul><li>Horizontal Thinking Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making decisions based on creativity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making decisions based on logical, emotional and ethical criteria. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. How do different age groups make decisions? <ul><li>Ages 12-17 most critical decisions are made for the individuals by authority figures. </li></ul><ul><li>Ages 18-21 tend to reject reason and logic in favor of emotions and feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>Ages 22-25 knowledge is entirely subjective, and as a result everything must be considered tentative. </li></ul><ul><li>Ages 25 and up, logic and reason, along with emotion, become important qualities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker? <ul><li>Being intellectually curious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeking answers to various kinds of questions and problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Being open-minded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Being open to accepting new and contradictory ideas which challenge your current beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoiding “Red Herring” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoiding irrelevancies that stray from the issue being argued </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Learning to use anecdotes effectively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using stories in helping explain and understanding the complexities of our environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning to handle confusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid making decisions in haste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>due to fear of confusion </li></ul></ul>What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker?
  10. 10. <ul><li>Controlling emotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to not misplace, misdirect our anger, fear and frustration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Being sensitive to the needs of others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to pay specific attention to the needs of your target audience </li></ul></ul>What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker?
  11. 11. <ul><li>Distinguishing between conclusions “might be true” & “want to be true” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Might be true” are based on the probability of an outcome becoming a reality, “Want to be true” are wishes or desires for an outcome to be true, they have little value in critical-thinking </li></ul></ul>What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker?
  12. 12. <ul><li>Knowing when to admit to not knowing something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By giving yourself the permission to admit to not knowing everything, you can overcome the fear that your lack of knowledge will be discovered and help you fully grasp what it is we don’t know </li></ul></ul>What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker?
  13. 13. <ul><li>Seeking a “dialogical” approach to the process of an argument </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning the ability to seek points of view other than your own. </li></ul></ul>What skills are necessary to become an intelligent critical thinker?
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>In both our professional and personal life, we are judged by the information we possess about people, events and things. </li></ul><ul><li>Such information shapes our personalities, contributes to the ideas we formulate, directly influences our view of the world, and very much influences our personal and public decision making. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Questions?

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