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  1. 1. mLearning<br />Damian Gordon<br />
  2. 2. John Dewey<br /><ul><li>Born Oct 20, 1859
  3. 3. Died June 1, 1952
  4. 4. Born in Burlington, Vermont
  5. 5. Philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
  6. 6. Very influential to education and social reform </li></li></ul><li>John Dewey<br /><ul><li>Democracy and Education
  7. 7. “society not only continues to exist by transmission, by communication, but it may fairly be said to exist in transmission, in communication.”</li></li></ul><li>
  8. 8. Introduction<br />dLearning<br />eLearning<br />mLearning<br />
  9. 9. What is mLearning?<br />mLearning is any form of electronically delivered learning material with an emphasis on Internet-based technologies<br />mLearning is aimed at developing learning content that integrates with mobile applications and provides learning and performance in a just-in-time, just-in-place dynamic.<br />Introduction<br />
  10. 10. In the past decade we have seen a surge in the capability, connectedness and cost-effectiveness of mobile devices and eLearning technologies.<br />IMPORTANT: <br />People do NOT want to pour over course materials while hunched over a very small screen. <br />People DO want to get the right information at the right time, just about anywhere.<br />Introduction<br />
  11. 11. The success and impact of mLearning does not solely depend on the technological developments and the possibilities they provide.<br />Your ability to design and develop good educational materials is key.<br />Introduction<br />
  12. 12. Traditionally teaching and learning focuses on the learners mastery of specific content.<br />With the existence of such a significant amount of freely-available information on the internet, the task moves to effectively integrating existing information.<br />The role of communication and integration now can play a critical role in the context of successful learning.<br />mLearning: A new paradigm?<br />
  13. 13. Modern learners have increasing demands on their time and are often forced to vary their study location and study “on the move”<br />So they need to be able to take advantage of unexpected “free time”<br />The ability to study while travelling on transport presents opportunities for mLearning<br />mLearning: A new paradigm?<br />
  14. 14. mLearning<br />LEARNING<br /><ul><li>Attitudes
  15. 15. Concepts
  16. 16. Facts
  17. 17. Processes
  18. 18. Procedures</li></ul>PERFORMANCE SUPPORT<br /><ul><li>Accessed on-the-fly
  19. 19. Task Specific
  20. 20. Support at time of need
  21. 21. Not memory resident</li></ul>KNOWLEDGE BASE<br /><ul><li>Repository of Knowledge Objects
  22. 22. Sharing of best practices and lessons learned
  23. 23. Connection to experts and high value information</li></ul>After Metclaf, D.S., 2006, “mLearning: Mobile Learning and Performance in the Palm of You Hand”, HRD Press, Inc.<br />
  24. 24. mLearning Devices<br />
  25. 25. Digital Media Players<br />iPods, MP3 Players<br />Smartphones<br />Blackberry, iPhone<br />PDAs (Personal Digital Assistances)<br />Palm Pilots, Pocket PCs.<br />Notebook Computers<br />Tablet PCs<br />mLearning Devices<br />
  26. 26. GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications)<br />Originally a European standard for digital telephony, adopted in America, Asia, Australia and Africa. It provides voice mail, high-speed data, fax, SMS.<br />WAP: Wireless Application Protocol<br />A free, unlicensed protocol based on an XML standard.<br />GPRS: General Packet Radio Service<br />Protocol for high-speed internet, growing popular.<br />Bluetooth<br />Short-wave wireless radio technology.<br />IEEE 802.11<br />Protocol for wireless local area networks<br />IrDA: Infrared Data Association<br />Infrared data transmission protocol for devices from 1 to 2 meters.<br />mLearning Technologies<br />
  27. 27. How does developing instructional materials for mLearning differ from traditional eLearning?<br />mobile Instructional Design<br />
  28. 28. How does developing instructional materials for mLearning differ from traditional eLearning?<br />Smaller screen size<br />Time-sensitive pressures<br />Small keyboards<br />Limited Memory size<br />Battery lifetime<br />compatability<br />mobile Instructional Design<br />
  29. 29. How does developing instructional materials for mLearning differ from traditional eLearning?<br />Modules need to be very short<br />Easy navigation<br />Consistency<br />Standards<br />Reusable<br />mobile Instructional Design<br />
  30. 30. SMS Feedback<br />Ask you questions regarding the lecture through SMS to<br />09133611740<br />STUDENTS<br />INSTRUCTOR<br />SMS QUIZ<br />Which choice can best……..<br />A)…………….<br />B)……………<br />C)………….....<br />D)…………….<br />Send your answer to<br />09133611740<br />SMS Project in EMP Classroom <br />
  31. 31. If we consider the ADDIE model again<br />Analysis<br />Design<br />Development<br />Implementation<br />Evaluation<br />The “Analysis” stage takes on enormous significance in the case of mLearning<br />Planning must consider the delivery of learning content to different devices for different uses, in different environments or contexts.<br />mobile Instructional Design<br />
  32. 32. Research by Gloria Gery in Performance Support which considers the needs of the individuals for information and instruction while at work.<br />The ability to access work instructions, real-time information, and other features are key components in Performance Support.<br />mobile Instructional Design<br />
  33. 33. Research by David Jonassen in Constructivism looks at how the learner is provided with a good roadmap and is given the freedom to build their own path through the learning based on their needs.<br />Unlike other eLearning scenarios which focus on an objectivist model, that states objectives, delivers information around those objectives, etc., with mLearning the context is critically important as is the level of experience with similar concepts.<br />mobile Instructional Design<br />
  34. 34. The Constructivism approach is well-suited for mLearning since it streamlines the overall learning process.<br />Because the learner starts with an immediate need to locate, recall, or further learn something, this becomes the implied learning objective.<br />mobile Instructional Design<br />
  35. 35. Podcasting is concerned with using a device to listen to or watch an audio or video broadcast.<br />Once copied onto a mobile device the learner can choose when and when to listen to or watch the podcasts.<br />Producing podcasts has become must easier for educators.<br />Students value the flexibility of podcasts.<br />mLearning: Podcasting<br />
  36. 36. Brown, T.H., 2003, “The Role of m-Learning in the Future of eLearning in Africa”, 21st ICDE World Conference, June 2003, Hong Kong.<br />Evans, C., 2008, “The Effectiveness of mLearning in the Form of Podcast Revision in Higher Education”, Computers & Education, 50, pp.491-498.<br />Georgiev, T., Georgiev, E., Smrikarov, 2004, “mLearning: A New Model of eLearning”, CompSysTech’2004<br />Metclaf, D.S., 2006, “mLearning: Mobile Learning and Performance in the Palm of You Hand”, HRD Press, Inc<br />References<br />