Gov. Presentation - Development Of Democracy

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Gov. Presentation - Development Of Democracy

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Gov. Presentation - Development Of Democracy

  1. 1. From the Greeks to the U.S The Development of Democracy
  2. 2. <ul><li>Democracy is a combination of 2 Greek words: Demos – meaning “the people”, and Kratein – meaning “to rule” </li></ul><ul><li>Do the 2 Greek words define democracy? Why or why not? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Democracy began in the Greek city-state of Athens in the 6 th century B.C. Greece is located in the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens became a major power in the ancient world. How might their geography have aided in their rise to power? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Athens practiced a form of democracy known as direct democracy. This model gives each “citizen” the right to vote on all political issues. Non-citizens (slaves/women) were not allowed to participate. </li></ul><ul><li>Was Athens a “true democracy”? Give an example of how it was. Give an example of how it was not. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Roman civilization also began on the Mediterranean Sea in what is today the country of Italy. The Roman model of democracy was called a republic. In a republic, people called representatives are chosen by vote to handle political issues for the entire population . </li></ul><ul><li>How does the Athenian form of democracy differ from the Roman model? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The early Roman Republic had three branches of government. The 1 st branch was the office of consul, the head of the government. The second branch was the 300 member Senate. The final group was the assemblies which developed Roman laws. Only the wealthy could serve in office, while citizens (excluding women and slaves) voted for the representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>In what way(s) does the Roman model betray democratic principles? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>After the fall of the Roman Empire, Europe slipped into the Middle Ages. During this time, democracy vanished with the rise of absolute monarchies where a king held unlimited power. All political, social, religious, and economic decisions were made by the king. </li></ul><ul><li>What are possible advantages and disadvantages of an absolute monarch? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Kings and their lords and knights ruled all of the land in the country. Only titled, landowning men were given freedoms and privileges such as freedom of movement, and pastimes such as hunting or fishing. Fox hunts and hawk hunts became the sport of kings. </li></ul><ul><li>Why were peasants unable to hunt? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>As Europe came out of the period of absolute monarchs, democratic ideals began to creep back into the consciousness of the people. Ideas such as freedom of speech, separation of powers, and a government subordinate in power to the people became popular. </li></ul><ul><li>How did these new ideas support the old democratic ideals? </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The new democratic freedoms made their way to the “New World” and formed the basis of United States Constitution. The U.S. model of democracy combined the Greek idea of the rights of all citizens with the Roman idea of a republic. The land ownership of Medieval Europe also faded in the U.S. as the pastimes such as fishing and hunting were allowed for all. </li></ul><ul><li>How are the U.S. and Rome alike? How are the U.S. and Europe in the Middle Ages different? </li></ul>
  11. 11. PowerPoint 1 Development of Democracy Summary Discussion <ul><li>Where did democracy originate? How was it different than U.S. democracy </li></ul><ul><li>What geographic advantage did Greece enjoy for the spread of ideas like democracy?   </li></ul><ul><li>Since slaves and women could not vote, was Athens truly a democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>How was the Roman structure of government similar to that of the U.S.? </li></ul><ul><li>What is an absolute monarchy? How is this different from a democracy?   </li></ul><ul><li>What was required in order to hunt in absolute monarchies? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  12. 12. Answers <ul><li>Where did democracy originate? How was it different than U.S. democracy? Athens, Greece / It was a direct democracy (all citizens voted on all issues </li></ul><ul><li>What geographic advantage did Greece enjoy for the spread of ideas like democracy? It was on the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas which made travel and the spread of ideas easier and faster. </li></ul><ul><li>Since slaves and women could not vote, was Athens truly a democracy? Yes – all citizens voted making it a true democracy No- more than 50% of the population could not vote. </li></ul><ul><li>How was the Roman structure of government similar to that of the U.S.? Both had 3 branches of gov. </li></ul><ul><li>What is an absolute monarchy? How is this different from a democracy? An absolute monarchy is a form of gov. in which the king exercises power over all aspects of the gov., religion, and social systems / The people hold almost no power which is the opposite of a democracy </li></ul><ul><li>What was required in order to hunt in absolute monarchies? Land and, or title </li></ul>

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