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LESSON 9 March 1, 2015
You shall not commit Adultery
Golden Text
“But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfull...
among you.
25 - But if out in the country a man happens to meet a young
woman pledged to be married and rapes her, only th...
General objective
To present the seventh commandment, emphasizing God's
intent for the family.
Specific objectives
I – TO ...
adultery" (Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18). Its regulation for
the Israelites can be found in the books of Leviticus and
D...
involved in such practice, since the woman was not married or
engaged, were not sentenced to death. The penalty was less
s...
abusing the stepmother. It is a sin that dishonors the father,
invades and defiles his bed. Those who practice such
abomin...
The scribes and Pharisees had reduced the seventh
commandment to the physical act itself, because they ignored
the spirit ...
CONCLUSION
We believe that God knows what is right and what is wrong for
human life. The Bible is God's manufacturer manua...
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Lesson 9, march 1, 2015

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Biblical lesson for Dominical Class, escola dominical, EBD

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Lesson 9, march 1, 2015

  1. 1. LESSON 9 March 1, 2015 You shall not commit Adultery Golden Text “But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart”. (Mt 5:28) Useful Practice The seventh commandment concerns sexual purity and the protection of the sacred family institution and as the previous commandment it speaks about the protection of life. Scripture Reading Exodus 20: 14; Deteronomy 22: 22-30 EX 20:14 - “You shall not commit adultery”. Deut. 22:22 - If a man is found sleeping with another man’s wife, both the man who slept with her and the woman must die. You must purge the evil from Israel. 23 - If a man happens to meet in a town a virgin pledged to be married and he sleeps with her, 24 - You shall take both of them to the gate of that town and stone them to death—the young woman because she was in a town and did not scream for help, and the man because he violated another man’s wife. You must purge the evil from
  2. 2. among you. 25 - But if out in the country a man happens to meet a young woman pledged to be married and rapes her, only the man who has done this shall die. 26 - Do nothing to the woman; she has committed no sin deserving death. This case is like that of someone who attacks and murders a neighbor, 27 - for the man found the young woman out in the country, and though the betrothed woman screamed, there was no one to rescue her. 28 - If a man happens to meet a virgin who is not pledged to be married and rapes her and they are discovered, 29 - He shall pay her father fifty shekels of silver. He must marry the young woman, for he has violated her. He can never divorce her as long as he lives. 30 A man is not to marry his father’s wife; he must not dishonor his father’s bed.
  3. 3. General objective To present the seventh commandment, emphasizing God's intent for the family. Specific objectives I – TO TREAT the scope and the objective of the seventh commandment. II – TO SHOW the real meaning of infidelity. III – TO LIST some sexual sins according to the law of God. IV – TO ANALYZE the teaching of Jesus about the seventh commandment. Introduction The seventh commandment condemns adultery and sexual impurity in order to protect the family. The Bible does not condemn sex; its holiness is unquestionable within God’s pattern, but its illicit practice has been one of the biggest problems of human beings over the centuries. The seventh commandment is treated in a way in the law, and in another way in grace. A look at the episode of the adulterous woman (John 8: 1-11) shows that this precept was rescued by grace and adapted to it, not to the law. I. THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT 1. Scope. It is about a very broad theme that involves sex and marriage in a social context tainted by sin. The commandment consists of an absolute prohibition, without concession, expressed in a simple way in five words: "You shall not commit
  4. 4. adultery" (Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18). Its regulation for the Israelites can be found in the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy, which speak against sexual sins, prostitution and all forms of sexual violence with their respective punishments. 2. Objective. The Decalogue follows a logic. The protection of life appears first, then comes the family and afterwards possessions and honor. The commandment "You shall not commit adultery" came to protect the home and thus establish a morally and spiritually healthy society. The prohibition here is against all sexual immorality, expressed in a generic way, but specified in several provisions in the law of Moses. 3. Contex. The law was enacted in a patriarchal society that allowed polygamy. In that social context, adultery in the law of Moses consisted in the fact of a man sleeping with a woman married to another man, whether he is married or single. Violators of the law should be killed, both man and woman (Deut 22:22; Leviticus 20:10). II. INFIDELITY 1. Adultery. It is betrayal and falsehood. It is the breaking of an alliance assumed by the couple before God and society, an infidelity that destroys harmony in the home and the family. The Judeo-Christian tradition takes the matter seriously and considers adultery a grave sin. It is about an insanity that compromises the honor and reputation of any person, regardless of their religious confession or social status (Jer 29:23; Prov 6:32,33). 2. Sex before marriage. This practice is very common in modern society, but it never had divine approval, that is why young people should avoid these things (Ps 119:9). In Israel, those
  5. 5. involved in such practice, since the woman was not married or engaged, were not sentenced to death. The penalty was less strict, but the man had to marry the young woman, compensate her father for moral damages and never divorce her (Deut 22:28,29). Today, this kind of sin requires the application of discipline by the Church, but their marriage is not always the solution. 3. Fornication. The "virgin pledged to be married" (Deut 22:23) concerns, in the current context, the betrothed young woman who is not yet married, but who is pledged to be married. This is the sexual sin of fornication performed with mutual consent. The penalty of the law is death by stoning, as in the case of involvement with a married woman (Deut 22:24). The reason for this penalty goes beyond the simple act, because it is about a fidelity break, "because he violated another man’s wife. You must purge the evil from among you. "(Deuteronomy 22:24b). III. OTHER SEXUAL ISSUES 1. Rape. The law contrasts the city with the country to make clear the difference between rape and consensual sex. Verses 25-27 deal with the case of sexual violence, because out in the country the probability of rescue was practically nil, and the young woman was forced to perform the act (22:25). In this case, only the rapist was to be killed, accused of sexual crime, but she should not be punished (Dt 22:26,27). 2. Incest. The law establishes the list of kinship terms in which there should and should not be marriage, in order to avoid inbreeding and incest (Leviticus 18: 6-18). Further, the law prescribes penalties for each group of these sins (Leviticus 20:10-13). "A man is not to marry his father's wife" (Deut 22:30). The law speaks against the abhorrent sexual practice of
  6. 6. abusing the stepmother. It is a sin that dishonors the father, invades and defiles his bed. Those who practice such abomination is under God's curse (Deut 27:20). In the law, the matter belongs to the legal field and the expected sentence is death (Lev 20:11). However, we are under grace, and for that reason the issue is brought to the spiritual realm, whose punishment is limited to the loss of the Church's communion (1 Cor 5. 1-5). The wise apostolic decision is the basis for the disciplinary principle that churches apply today. 3. Bestiality. It is a sexual aberration, both male and female, against which the law speaks, having death penalty as punishment, whether for the man or for the woman and also for the animal, which was to be killed (Leviticus 20: 15,16 ). Bestiality and homosexuality dishonor God and were Canaanite practices, which is why the Canaanites were vomited out of the nations (Lv 18: 23-28). IV. THE TEACHING OF JESUS 1. The seventh commandment in the Gospels. The Lord Jesus reiterated what God said in the beginning of the creation about marriage, which is a divine institution, a union established by God Himself (Matthew 19:4-6). He also referred to the theme of the seventh commandment directly and indirectly. Directly when he makes use of the words "You shall not commit adultery" in the Sermon on the Mount (Mt 5:27), in the case of the rich young man (Mt 19:18) and in the parallel passages (Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20). Indirectly when he alludes to divorce, a relevant theme of the seventh commandment (Matthew 19:9; Mark 10:11,12). 2. The problem of the scribes and Pharisees. Once again He corrects the wrong thinking of the religious authorities of Israel.
  7. 7. The scribes and Pharisees had reduced the seventh commandment to the physical act itself, because they ignored the spirit of the law, clung to its letter (2 Cor 3:6). So, as one can commit murder with anger or insulting words, without the physical act (Mt 5.21,22), the same way you can also commit adultery only in thought (Mt 5:27,28). 3. lust. There is a difference between looking at and coveting. Sin is about a lustful look. Sex is holy in the eyes of God, provided that it is within marriage, never outside it. The book of Song of Songs shows that sex is not just for procreation but for the pleasure and happiness of human beings. Jesus is not questioning sex, but fighting against sexual impurity and illicit sex, prostitution. The Lord Jesus said that adultery comes out of the heart (Matt 15:19).
  8. 8. CONCLUSION We believe that God knows what is right and what is wrong for human life. The Bible is God's manufacturer manual and it is insane to want to go against it. The punishment against those who violate the seventh commandment, in the Christian faith, does not go beyond the discipline of the Church and, in some cases, of the chaos in the family. But God's judgment is as certain as the succession of days and nights, and the only salvation is Jesus (Acts 16:31; 17:31).

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