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pre-design phase

report on the pre-design phase of architectural planning

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Pre-Design
Phase
Group 1
Arevalo, Jury
Balababa, Marcelo Jr.
Baldo, Hannah
Barrameda, Dainty
Salamero, Yvonne
IMPORTANCE OF PRE-DESIGN PHASE
• Extend pre-design as long as possible.
• It is a defense mechanism against those "hot ideas" that will come up midway
through the project.
• Invent ways to force yourself not to dive into design immediately
• Find ways of getting the client involved in this discovery phase
• Look for ways - writing, diagrams, mass models, etc. - for describing both the
minimum and requirements and your highest aspirations for the project.
• Ask yourself: How will you know later that you succeeded?
• Describe - again without designing the building - the strongest, best formal
concepts to be explored in the design.
• Involve the client in the program, budget, and expectations.
INTRODUCTION
The Pre- Design Services cover a broad line of architectural services ranging from initial problem
identification to activities that would allow the Architect to initially conceptualize an array of
architectural and allied solutions.
The Pre-Design Services nominally include the following:
• consultation
• pre-feasibility studies
• feasibility studies
• site selection and analysis
• site utilization and land-use studies
• architectural research
• architectural programming
• space planning
• space management studies
• value management
• design brief preparation
• promotional services, and other related activities
CONSULTATION
When a Client calls upon the Architect to give oral or written advice and
direction, to attend conferences, to make evaluations and appraisals regarding a
contemplated project and similar activities, the Architect renders valuable inputs
whether or not the Client pursues the project.
PRE-FEASIBILITY STUDIES
These preliminary studies involve the procurement, analysis, and use of
secondary information gathered for the project to aid the Client in early decision-
making. They represent the Architect’s initial assessment of a project’s
soundness, allowing the Client to promptly explore available/ readily identifiable
directions/options. Researched/processed/validated secondary data are
generally used for such studies e.g., electronic, print, etc.
FEASIBILITY STUDIES
Detailed analysis of the project based on pre-feasibility studies will determine the
viability of a proposed development. The studies will set the project against present
and future trends to forecast how it will perform over time. This requires primary data
gathering and analysis.
SITE SELECTION AND ANALYSIS
This entails the formulation of site criteria, assistance to the Client in site
evaluation as well as analysis to determine the most appropriate site/s for a
proposed project or building program.
• Site analysis includes site selection, geotechnical reports, and review of existing structures.
• Programming defines the project needs of the user. Programming includes cataloging the spaces and equipment needed, and functional relationships.
• The construction cost analysis provides a construction budget amount for the capital improvement budget (CIB) and a cost plan to assist in explaining the budget and in guiding project management.
• Value engineering in the pre-design phase scrutinizes the program, site selection, and project budget

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pre-design phase

  • 1. Pre-Design Phase Group 1 Arevalo, Jury Balababa, Marcelo Jr. Baldo, Hannah Barrameda, Dainty Salamero, Yvonne
  • 2. IMPORTANCE OF PRE-DESIGN PHASE • Extend pre-design as long as possible. • It is a defense mechanism against those "hot ideas" that will come up midway through the project. • Invent ways to force yourself not to dive into design immediately • Find ways of getting the client involved in this discovery phase • Look for ways - writing, diagrams, mass models, etc. - for describing both the minimum and requirements and your highest aspirations for the project. • Ask yourself: How will you know later that you succeeded? • Describe - again without designing the building - the strongest, best formal concepts to be explored in the design. • Involve the client in the program, budget, and expectations.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION The Pre- Design Services cover a broad line of architectural services ranging from initial problem identification to activities that would allow the Architect to initially conceptualize an array of architectural and allied solutions. The Pre-Design Services nominally include the following: • consultation • pre-feasibility studies • feasibility studies • site selection and analysis • site utilization and land-use studies • architectural research • architectural programming • space planning • space management studies • value management • design brief preparation • promotional services, and other related activities
  • 4. CONSULTATION When a Client calls upon the Architect to give oral or written advice and direction, to attend conferences, to make evaluations and appraisals regarding a contemplated project and similar activities, the Architect renders valuable inputs whether or not the Client pursues the project. PRE-FEASIBILITY STUDIES These preliminary studies involve the procurement, analysis, and use of secondary information gathered for the project to aid the Client in early decision- making. They represent the Architect’s initial assessment of a project’s soundness, allowing the Client to promptly explore available/ readily identifiable directions/options. Researched/processed/validated secondary data are generally used for such studies e.g., electronic, print, etc.
  • 5. FEASIBILITY STUDIES Detailed analysis of the project based on pre-feasibility studies will determine the viability of a proposed development. The studies will set the project against present and future trends to forecast how it will perform over time. This requires primary data gathering and analysis.
  • 6. SITE SELECTION AND ANALYSIS This entails the formulation of site criteria, assistance to the Client in site evaluation as well as analysis to determine the most appropriate site/s for a proposed project or building program. • Site analysis includes site selection, geotechnical reports, and review of existing structures. • Programming defines the project needs of the user. Programming includes cataloging the spaces and equipment needed, and functional relationships. • The construction cost analysis provides a construction budget amount for the capital improvement budget (CIB) and a cost plan to assist in explaining the budget and in guiding project management. • Value engineering in the pre-design phase scrutinizes the program, site selection, and project budget
  • 7. SITE UTILIZATION AND LAND-USE STUDIES The detailed analysis of the site involves the identification of a site’s development potentials through the proper utilization of land. The analysis covers the context of the site as well as that of its surrounding environment and the development controls that apply to the site and its environs. ARCHITECTURAL RESEARCH Architectural research entails the conduct of primary and secondary researches and assembled facts used as basis for conclusion.
  • 8. ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMMING This analytical problem-seeking process will lead to the statement and identification of both horizontal and vertical requirements in offering a solution. It incorporates a space program with characterizations of the envisioned spaces such as ambiance, cost range, etc. SPACE PLANNING The Architect determines the adequate size and appropriate configuration and assemblage for a proposed project in consideration of the use, allocation, and interface of spaces for given activities. Space planning is done mainly through primary data gathering such as interviews, consultations, interfaces, focus group discussions (FGDs), space planning surveys, space audits, etc., and subsequent analyses i.e. spatial layouts with stacking concepts, particularly for multi-story structures.
  • 9. SPACE MANAGEMENT STUDIES An analysis of the space requirements of the project based on organizational structure and functional set-up pinpoints linkages and interaction of spaces. The formulation of the space program will serve as the basis for the development of the architectural plan / design. VALUE MANAGEMENT This technique is applied in the cost management process to minimize the negative effect of simplified operations associated with many cost-reduction programs. The goal of value management is to achieve an unimpaired program at minimum cost. Thus, a plan, design or system that has been successfully value- managed will still satisfy the same performance criteria as the costlier alternatives.
  • 10. DESIGN BRIEF PREPARATION Under design brief preparation, the Architect states the project terms of reference (ToR) including the concept, objectives, and other necessary requirements to bid out architectural services (whether public or private). PROMOTIONAL SERVICES Projects may require promotional activities in order to develop and generate financial support and acceptance from governing agencies or from the general public. In such cases, the Architect can act as the agent of the Owner by producing and coordinating the additional activities necessary to complete the services. In all such activities, the Architect must maintain his professional status as the representative of the Owner.
  • 11. After the initial meeting/conversation/correspondence with the Client, the Architect must submit his proposal for pre- design services, stating the following: • Scope of Work • Manner of Payment • Owner’s Responsibilities • Other Conditions of Services • The Architect can render services in any of the following ways: - As an individual Architect he must have special training and be knowledgeable in different fields to supplement his skills. - Architect’s Own Staff It is possible for Architects (as natural persons) working in a single firm to specialize in a variety of ways. Many Architects and firms (juridical persons) specialize without losing the generalist approach of the Architect or firm. - By Association, Consultation, or Networking Another common practice is consultation between an Architect and a firm of other disciplines, under the extended terms of the Owner-Architect Agreement. MANNER OF PROVIDING SERVICES
  • 12. METHODS OF COMPENSATION Lump-Sum or Fixed Fee A lump sum or fixed fee is an amount negotiated with the Client for professional services that can be sufficiently defined at the outset of the project. This arrangement is only suitable if the scope of the project, the schedule for design and approvals, and the construction schedule and other variables can be determined with reasonable accuracy by the Architect.
  • 13. Time basis -Time basis fees are fees that are charged on an agreed-to hourly or daily (per diem) rate. This method of compensation is useful when the services are difficult to determine in advance or they are interim in nature and often short in duration. -Time-basis fees are typically used for the following: o services which are not well defined; o pre-design services; o partial services; o additional services; o conceptual design; o for a particular phase of the project; o for services as an expert witness; o renovation projects; o preparation of record drawings o specialist expertise or services. The hourly or per diem (daily) rates for Architects and their staff should be agreed upon at the outset and, additionally, the Client and Architect should agree upon a time period for review and adjustment of the hourly rates (perhaps annually) in order to adjust for inflation and other factors.
  • 14. Percentage-based Fee A percentage-based fee is a method of compensation which links the fee for the Architect’s services to a percentage of the construction cost of the project. The percentage will vary depending on the type of building, the construction value, and the type of construction contract, and of course, the other variables (fee adjustments)