Regional Nordic genebank documentation, at the DanBIF seminar in Århus December 2004


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The Nordic Gene Bank Regional cooperation, for the DanBIF network meeting 9th December 2004, Århus University. Dag Endresen (Nordic Gene Bank). DanBIF is the Danish GBIF node. GBIF is the Global Biodiversity Information Facility,

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  • In addition to a herbarium (approx. 400,000 samples), IPK has more reference collections: Spike collection (for cereals) Seed collections (for many large-seeded crops, including legumes, cereals) Fruit collections (in alcohol) Photographs, drawings
  • At present (2004 December) there are 7 individual dataset in SESTO: NGB, Estonian NI, Latvian NI, Norwegian NI, Jogeva PBI, SADC PGR Network, ECPGR Forage grasses ECCDB
  • The COMECON descriptor list came earlier than Multi-Crop, it was the result of a cooperation of the Eastern European Genebanks in PGR documentation.
  • Regional Nordic genebank documentation, at the DanBIF seminar in Århus December 2004

    1. 1. The Nordic Gene Bank Regional cooperation Dag Terje Endresen – Nordic Gene Bank, Alnarp, Sweden DanBIF Network meeting December 9, 2004 – Århus
    2. 2. TOPICS for this talk <ul><li>What is a PGR Genebank? </li></ul><ul><li>Nordic and Baltic genebank collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>SESTO - a regional PGR documentation system </li></ul><ul><li>International cooperation and Central databases of plant genetic resources </li></ul>
    3. 3. Genebank collections <ul><li>Collections of crop plants, their wild relatives and other useful plants </li></ul><ul><li>Preserved as seeds, living plants, in vitro or cryo (-80 °C) </li></ul><ul><li>Aims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide plant material to breeders and researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>counteract „genetic erosion“ by preserving threatened plants ex situ </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Genebank tasks <ul><li>Genebank tasks: </li></ul><ul><li>collection, acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>preservation </li></ul><ul><li>multiplication/rejuvenation </li></ul><ul><li>documentation </li></ul><ul><li>reference collections – (herbaria, seed & spike samples, fruits) </li></ul><ul><li>distribution of plant genetic resources </li></ul>
    5. 5. Genebank seed storage (1) Long-term seed storage (NGB)
    6. 6. Genebanks seed storage (2) Long-term seed storage (IPK, Germany)
    7. 7. Genebank field multiplication Forage grasses Dotnuva, Lithuania
    8. 8. Genebank reference collections Reference collections, e.g. cereal spike & seed collection
    9. 9. Nordic and Baltic PGR collaboration The Nordic Gene Bank is the centre of a distributed regional network based on working groups with crop experts from all the Nordic countries. The new Nordic and Baltic national programmes on biodiversity are also parts of the network. One of the main priorities for the regional cooperation is development of a common online information platform for plant genetic resources.
    10. 10. SESTO [] A regional genebank documentation system Some genebank collections presented in SESTO
    11. 11. SESTO [] A regional genebank documentation system SESTO was developed as the NGB documentation system. The application is later expanded to serve the genebanks of the whole region. The main purpose of SESTO is management of the plant material in the genebank seedstore .
    12. 12. SESTO [] A regional genebank documentation system The genebank staff have personal passwords and can edit the online data from the same interface as presented to public visitors. The edit rights are individual corresponding to the relevant responsibilities at the individual genebank institute.
    13. 13. SESTO [] A regional genebank documentation system The genebanks included in SESTO share data like the taxonomic species database and the common picture archive.
    14. 14. SESTO [] A regional genebank documentation system
    15. 15. SESTO [] A regional genebank documentation system © Many of the images included to the picture archive are free to use for any non-commercial, journalistic or private use. The contributors of the individual pictures choose themselves if the image is For NGB use only (1), Free to use for non-commercial purposes (2) or Public domain (3). Everyone is most welcome to contribute images on species, cultivars or accessions conserved by NGB.
    16. 16. International cooperation NGB is involved in extensive international cooperation on genebank documentation. The main focus is transfer of knowledge and technology. Southern Africa, SADC region. NGB is technical consultant and has provided training in genebank management skills for students from the Southern Africa region (SADC) since 1988. East Africa, EAPGREN NGB contributes as technical consultant for the Eastern Africa Plant Genetic Resources Network (EAPGREN). Documentation activities are planned to start in 2005. Europe NGB is a central participant in the development of genebank documentation strategies and solutions for Europe. Most of the work is organized through the ECP/GR network. NGB was a partner in the EPGRIS project (2000-2003) financed from EU.
    17. 17. Genebanks as biodiversity collections <ul><li>Estimated: 6 million accessions in hundreds of genebanks worldwide [WIEWS, FAO] </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 7,000 agricultural and horticultural crop plant species worldwide [Mansfeld] </li></ul><ul><li>More than 10,000 European wild species are considered “crop wild relatives” [PGR Forum] </li></ul>
    18. 18. Data exchange between genebanks <ul><li>Many genebanks have electronic documentation systems </li></ul><ul><li>PGR data exchange standards developed >30 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1988 : “Passport descriptors of the COMECON International Database of Genetic Resources” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> 1996 : FAO/IPGRI „ Multi-Crop Passport Descriptors “ 33 fields, fixed-format [resembles Darwin Core] </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Central databases of plant genetic resources <ul><li>56 „ Central Crop Databases“ in Europe > 20 years (Wheat, Potato, Barley etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>EURISCO – central inventory of plant genetic resources in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EU project EPGRIS (1999-2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>42 national programmes (Europe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>at present 906,824 accessions, approximately 50% of estimated number in European genebanks </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Accessions in EURISCO (906,824)
    21. 21. Accessions in SINGER (524,466)
    22. 22. <ul><li>Thank you for listening! </li></ul>