27 september 2010- 3 NL Agency- Certification of sustainable biomass- Kees Kwant

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27 september 2010- 3 NL Agency- Certification of sustainable biomass- Kees Kwant

  1. 1. 29 januari 2015 Sustainability Certificaton of Biomass Jatropha sustainability Ir. Kees W. Kwant
  2. 2. 2 Contents 1. Why sustainability of biomass? 2. Criteria 3. Certification 4. Implementation (in EU)
  3. 3. 3 1. Why? GROWING PUBLIC CONCERN
  4. 4. 4 Bioshape ruins Tanzanian farmers, Misleading Information, Company bankrupt NRC 19 Sept 2010
  5. 5. 5 Who owns the land, who earns? •Land grabbing from local communities? •Food <-> Agrofuels •Resource exploitation? •Stable Investments for the future?
  6. 6. 6 Clearing for Jatropha in Mozambique •Loss of Biodiversity? •Loss of Carbon stock? •Bad Green House Gas Balance?
  7. 7. 7 2. Sustainable Biomass Standards: Cramer: Principles, Criteria and Indicators: 1. Greenhouse gas balance 2. Competition with food, local energy supply, medicines and construction materials 3. Biodiversity 4. Prosperity 5. Welfare 6. Environment
  8. 8. 8 Cramer / NTA 8080 EC Directive 1. GHG-balance/ C-stocks Yes 2. Competition with food Reporting 3. Biodiversity Yes 4. Environment Within Europe 5. Prosperity (Reporting) 6. Well-being Reporting Implementation: Cramer criteria vs Renewable Energy Directive
  9. 9. 9 Renewable Energy Directive (RED) Sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids: 1. Greenhouse gas savings: > 35% (new installations) > 50% (after 2017) 2. Biodiversity No go areas: primary forests, highly biodiverse grassland 3. Carbon stocks Wetlands, continuously forested areas (canopy 10 – 30%) 4. Environment Cross compliance (production in EU)
  10. 10. 10 Production of Ethanol from Wheat (NG steam boiler) Version 1 - Public Overview Results All results in Non- allocated Allocation Allocated Total Default values Allocation factors Emission reduction g CO 2,eq / MJ Ethanol results factor results RED Annex V.D Ethanol plant Fossil fuel reference (petrol) Cultivation eec 23,3 23 59,5% to ethanol 83,8 g CO2,eq/MJ Cultivation of wheat 39,17 59,5% 23,31 23,43 40,5% to DDGS GHG emission reduction Processing ep 29,4 30 35% Ethanol plant 49,40 59,5% 29,40 29,57 Transport etd 1,9 2 Handling & storage of wheat 0,10 59,5% 0,06 Transport of wheat 0,52 59,5% 0,31 Calculations in this Excel sheet…… Transport of ethanol 1,10 100% 1,10 1,10 Filling station 0,44 100% 0,44 0,44 Land use change el 0,0 59,5% 0,0 0,0 0 esca + eccr + eccs 0,0 100% 0,0 0,0 0 Totals 90,7 54,6 55 As explained in "About" under "Inconsistent use of GWP's" Calculation per phase Cultivation of wheat Quantity of product Calculated emissions Info Yield Yield Emissions per MJ ethanol per kg wheat per ha, year Wheat 5.208 kg ha -1 year -1 76.587 MJWheat ha -1 year -1 g CO2 g CH4 g N2O g CO2, eq g CO2, eq kg CO2, eq Moisture content 13,5% 1,000 MJ / MJWheat, input By-product Straw 2.148 kg ha -1 year -1 0,128 kgWheat/MJethanol Energy consumption Diesel 3.717 MJ ha -1 year -1 8,01 0,00 0,00 8,01 62,54 325,7 Agro chemicals N-fertiliser 109,3 kg N ha -1 year -1 7,59 0,02 0,03 15,80 123,42 642,8 K2O-fertiliser 16,4 kg K2O ha -1 year -1 0,22 0,00 0,00 0,23 1,81 9,4 P2O5-fertiliser 21,6 kg P2O5 ha -1 year -1 0,51 0,00 0,00 0,54 4,20 21,9 Pesticides 2,3 kg ha -1 year -1 0,57 0,00 0,00 0,63 4,92 25,6 Seeding material 0,38 Transparant GHG calculations Calculations in this Excel sheet…… As explained in "About" under "Inconsistent use of GWP's" Available at www.BioGrace.net
  11. 11. 11 3. Certification system: Accreditation body Control Standard: Principles Criteria Indicators Certificate Certification scheme : Indicators & verifiers Rules & regulations Procedures Label Standardisation organisation Developing the norm based on consensus Expert committee Determine/maintain certification scheme Certification organisation Inspection en verification
  12. 12. 12 Primaire productie Processing Productie DistributieTransport Chain of Custody = = = = “evidence”
  13. 13. 13 Mass Balance (in EU:Renewable Energy Directive) 1,000 ton 40% MB 4,000 ton 0% MB 5,000 ton 60% MB 4,000 ton 40% MB 4,000 ton 10% MB 2,000 ton 70% MB
  14. 14. 14 4. Implementation Netherlands: NTA 8080/8081 ( www.nta8080.org ) -Standards based on the Cramer criteria in verifiable requirements -Developed jointly with Industry, NGO’s and Government -Certification in chain of costudy, all models possible -Requirements for certifying bodies and auditors -Assessment frequency and vilidity of certificate -Tested in Netherlands, and subject to testing in projects
  15. 15. 15 Other certification systems Germany: -ISCC www.iscc-system.org - Structure for auditors - Registration & tracebility - GHG calculations - Sub certificates for German farmers at: https://nabisy.ble.de -BioCert - Follows EU minimum requirements Global: - RSB: Roundtable Sustainable Biofuels - Criteria ready, other certification schemes can pick up - Will apply as Voluntary scheme to EU
  16. 16. 16 Conclusions and Questions 1. By 1 January 2011 only Certified Sustainable Biofuels allowed in Europe 2. Europe getting ready with criteria and certification schemes 3. Is Africa ready to supply to this EU market? 4. Would this sustainability approach be good for your projects or your regions 5. What needs to be done to implement sustainability?
  17. 17. 17 EU Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC

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