The South Secedes from the UnionDecember 20, 1860
Fort Sumter is attacked April 12–14,1861This was the battle that was the bombardment and surrenderof Fort Sumter that started the Civil WarThe forts central ﬂagpole was knocked down at 1 p.m. onApril 13, raising doubts among the Confederates aboutwhether the fort was ready to surrender
The Battle of Antietam September 17,1862This was the ﬁrst Battle of the American Civil WarIt was the bloodiest one day single-day battle in AmericanHistory.
The Emancipation ProclamationJanuary 1, 1863The Emancipation Proclamation was executive order byAbraham Lincoln to set free slaves from 10 of the state.It immediately set free around 50,000 slaves and eventuallyset free3.1 million of the 4 million slaves
The Battle Gettysburg July 1–3, 1863It was the battle with the most casualties in the AmericanCivil War and is considered the turning point of the war.It ended Gen. Robert Lee’s invasion of the North
The Gettysburg Address is givenNovember 19, 1863One of the most well know speeches, given by AbrahamLincoln, in American history.It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War atthe dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery inGettysburg, four and a half months after the Union armiesdefeated those of the Confederacy.
Wade Davis Bill is passed July 2, 1864It was a bill proposed for the reconstruction of the SouthThe bill passed both houses of Congress on July 2, 1864, butwas pocket vetoed by Lincoln and never took effect
The 13th Amendment is passedJanuary 31, 1865The 13th Amendment was the ofﬁcial outlaw of slavery andinvoluntary servitude, except as punishment of a crimeIt was the ﬁrst of the three Reconstruction Amendmentsadopted after the American Civil War.
Freedmans Bureau is created March 3,1865The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands,usually referred to the Freedmens Bureau, was a U.S federalgovernment agency that aided distressed freedmen (freedslaves) in 1865–1869, during the Reconstruction era of theUnited States.It was indented to last one year after Civil War
Surrender at Appomattox CourthouseApril 9, 1865It was the Final engagement of the Confederate Army beforeit surrendered to the Union ArmyIT was one of the ﬁnal battles of the American Revolution
Abraham Lincoln is Assassinated April14, 1865He was the ﬁrst president to be assassinatedHe was assassinated by John Wilks Booth
Ku Klux Klan is created 1865It was started by six veterans of the Confederate armyAlthough there was no organizational structure above thelocal level, similar groups arose across the South adopted thesame name and methods
The 14th Amendment is passed July 9,1865It was adopted during the reconstruction of the United StatesIts Due Process Claus prohibits state and local governmentsfrom depriving persons of life, liberty, or property withoutcertain steps being taken to ensure fairness.
First Reconstruction Act is PassedMarch 2, 1867An Act to provide for the more efﬁcient Government of theRebel States whereas no legal State governments oradequate protection for life or property now exists in therebel StatesIt is necessary that peace and good order should be enforcedin said States until loyal and republican State governmentscan be legally established
Second Reconstruction Act March 23,1867The period of Second Reconstruction featured activeparticipation on the part of African-Americans to regain theirrights that they had lost during the period of Redemptionand Jim Crow segregation in the later part of the 19thcentury.During Second Reconstruction, African-Americans once againbegan holding various political ofﬁces
Andrew Johnson is ImpeachedFebruary 24, 1868The ﬁrst impeachment in history of a sitting United Statespresident.Johnson was impeached for his efforts to undermineCongressional policy; he was acquitted by one vote.
Ulysses S Grant becomes presidentMarch 4, 1869Grants relationship with his predecessor Johnson haddeteriorated badlyBreaking a long held tradition, President Johnson declined toride with Grants carriage or attend Grants Inauguration atthe Capitol
The Compromise of 1877 is passedFebruary 26, 1877The Compromise refers to the unwritten deal that settled theintensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, and endedReconstruction in the SouthThe compromise involved Democrats who controlled theHouse of Representatives allowing the decision of theElectoral Commission to take effect