Using WebQueststo Engage Students in CSCL Dabae Lee Indiana University
Using WebQuests in CSCL• WebQuests as a way to present collaborative learning projects and guide students through the collaboration process (Milson & Downey, 2001).• Few attempts to use WebQuests in presenting collaborative learning projects and providing students with guidelines
CSCL & WebQuestsCSCL WebQuests• Students work through • A WebQuest is an computers or around inquiry-oriented lesson computers to learn format in which most or together (Johnson & all the information that Johnson, 2007). learners work with comes• Students use computers from the web (Dodge, to communicate with 2007) each other, share their works, or create something together.
In This Presentation…• Discuss the benefits and limitations of WebQuests in CSCL• Introduce a WebQuest used in CSCL• Illustrate technology tools to build WebQuests
The Five Components of WebQuests Introduction • Capture students’ attention/interest & introduce learning goals Task • Describe end-products in detail Process • Provide step-by step instructions, necessary resources, tools Evaluation • Let learners self-evaluate their work Conclusion • Reflection , additional resources, credits
Benefits• Clear goals to create goal interdependence (Johnson & Johnson, 2009) by – Describing the project in the task section – Providing evaluation criteria in the evaluation section.
Benefits• Prevent undesirable process-related conflict (Jehn, 1997) by providing structure of the process – Roles & Responsibilities• Guide students to more appropriate and effective resources given students’ grade level and the topics.
Benefits• Evaluation serves as mechanisms through which – Students formatively assess their product – Engage in group processing (Johnson & Johnson, 2009).• Contributes to community of practice in education.
Limitations• Linear process• No interactive feedback• More suited for well-structured problems
An Example• Digital Natives WebQuest – Used in an undergraduate course, Using computers in Education – Learn about the digital natives – Collaboratively create a presentation about digital natives using a text to movie tool called Xtranormal.
Digital Natives WebQuestIntroduction• Capture students’ attention and introduce learning objectivesTask• Content, Format, ExamplesProcess• Web resources to learn about digital natives,• Process to create a presentation including brainstorming, writing script, and creating an Xtranormal movie,• Technology tools to create the movie (Xtranormal.com) and facilitate collaborative writing (Google Docs), and job aids to help them use the tools.Evaluation• A rubric is presented for self-assessment of students’ presentations.Conclusion• Project summary, additional resources, and feedback on the WebQuest
Technology ToolsPre-set templates Website-building• Examples available • Google Sites• Step by step instructions• Not entirely free • Weebly.com• Tools • Yola.com – Quest Garden • Featured WebQuest • Wix.com – Zunal.com – ExampleCollaborative writing Evaluation tools• Google Docs • Rubrics • Real-time editing, chat, • iRubric and commenting features • Rubistar• EtherPad • Quiz • Zoho Challenge Quiz Maker • Color-code different users, • EasyTestMaker chat
References• Dodge, B. (1995). WebQuests: A Technique for Internet-Based Learning. Distance Educator, 1(2), 10-13.• Dodge, B. (2001). FOCUS: Five rules for writing a great WebQuest. Learning and leading with technology, 28(8), 6-9.• Dodge, B. (2007). http://www.webquest.org/• Jehn, K. A. (1997). A Qualitative Analysis of Conflict Types and Dimensions in Organizational Groups. [Article]. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(3), 530-557.• Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (2007). Cooperation and the use of technology. In M. J. Spector, D. M. Merrill, J. V. Merrienboer & M. P. Driscoll (Eds.), Handbook of research for educational communications and technology (3 ed., Vol. 1, pp. 1017-1044). New York, NY: Erlbaum Associates.• Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (2009). An educational psychology success story: Social interdependence theory and cooperative learning. Educational Researcher, 38(5), 365-379.• Milson, A. J., & Downey, P. (2001). WebQuest: Using Internet Resources for Cooperative Inquiry. Social Education, 65(3), 144-146.