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While the health care reform bill is a step in the right direction, medicare for all or single payer is what is really needed to control costs and insure all.

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  • This graph shows a population divided into 10ths. It shows how health care services are utilized in any one year in any population. Take even 1000 people in a population and you will find that the majority of them (80%) are healthy and use very little care. 30% of them in fact, use no care at all!. In actuality most of the services are used in any one year by a small percentage. 10% use 72 % of the health care dollar.If we add to that the 10% who use 13% of the care we find that 20% use 86% of health care services. It is worth keeping in mind that these are not the same people all the time. All of us move in and out of this group at one or many times in our lives. And when we are in that group ( birth of a baby, coronary bypass, cancer diagnosis) we expect health care services to be there waiting for us. Health care is not like other human needs. We all have the same basic needs for food. shelter, clothing etc. When you look at the population’s needs in regard to health care needs are vastly different. Because at any one time the healthy majority use very little care - 80% of the population in Vermont use only 14% of the health care dollar. On the other hand, 10% use 73%of the health care dollar.. Another important point is that the most expensive services The NICU, the trauma unit, dialysis to name a few are used by a very small number of people. Dialysis is used by only 380 people per year in Vermont. Yet the infrastructure costs of sustaining these services are enormous.
  • Healthcare

    1. 1. Health Care in Obama’s 1st Year or More of the Same is not Health Care Reform <ul><li>Leonard Rodberg, PhD </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Studies Dept., Queens College/CUNY </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>NY Metro Chapter, Physicians for a National </li></ul><ul><li>Health Program </li></ul><ul><li>Teach-in New York City </li></ul><ul><li>July 25, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    2. 2. Why Health Care Is On the Agenda: Escalating Cost Average Annual Premiums for Single and Family Coverage, 1999-2008 Source: Kaiser/HRET Survey of Employer-Sponsored Health Benefits, 1999-2008.
    3. 3. International Comparison: Universal Coverage at Less Cost -- They Must Be Doing Something Right! * PPP = Purchasing Power Parity. Data: OECD Health Data 2008, June 2008 version. Average spending on health per capita ($US PPP*) None rely on private for-profit insurance, all have a strong role for government.
    4. 4. High Cost of Health Insurance Premiums: Even the Middle Class Can No Longer Afford It <ul><li>National Average for Employer-provided Insurance: </li></ul><ul><li>Single Coverage $ 4,704 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Family Coverage $12,680 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Median household income = $50,233 </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Kaiser Family Foundation/HRET Survey of Employee Benefits, 2008; </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Census Bureau, 2008 </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Epidemic of Underinsurance Source: Too Great a Burden , Families USA, December 2007 Number of people spending more than 10% of income on health care (Millions)
    6. 6. Medical costs create serious financial problems for millions of us Source: Health Tracking Poll, Kaiser Family Foundation, April 2008
    7. 7. Health Care Costs Are Concentrated Among a Few People in Any One Year This Year’s Underinsured Source: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 1999 Percent of Health Care Costs While millions are underinsured, millions more don’t think there’s a problem!
    8. 8. The President’s Principles for Health Care Reform <ul><li>Protect Families’ Financial Health…reduce growing premiums and other costs…protect from bankruptcy due to catastrophic illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Make Health Coverage Affordable... reduce high administrative costs, waste, inefficiencies. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim for Universality… put the United States on a clear path to cover all Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Portability of Coverage… not locked into their job just to secure health coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantee Choice… provide a choice of health plans and physicians… have the option of keeping their employer-based health plan. </li></ul>-- “A New Era of Responsibility,” President’s Budget, Feb. 26, 2009
    9. 9. The Progress of US Health Care Reform Employer mandate Public option** Individual mandate* * “each eligible individual must enroll in an applicable health plan for the individual and must pay any premium required with respect to such enrollment.” (S.1775) ** “you can choose to enroll in the new public plan”
    10. 10. <ul><li>Everyone required to have insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Employers must offer insurance or contribute </li></ul><ul><li>Continued reliance on private insurance, with the option of a public plan </li></ul><ul><li>“ Keep what you have”  Doesn’t address underinsurance. </li></ul><ul><li>No regulation of insurance company premiums, deductibles, co-pays, or payment and denial practices </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the system cost by hundreds of billions of dollars </li></ul><ul><li>No cost savings or realistic way to control costs, as long as there are many separate plans and payers. </li></ul>The Mandate Model
    11. 11. The Obama/Congressional Plan <ul><li>Employment-based insurance unchanged, so </li></ul><ul><li>-- Employers can still change coverage </li></ul><ul><li>-- Insurers can still change networks </li></ul><ul><li>-- Employees still locked into jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Employees must accept employer plan if they can afford it (premium < 11% or 12.5% of income) </li></ul><ul><li>Starting in 2013, the uninsured can access an insurance “exchange” with subsidies up to 400% of the Federal poverty level </li></ul><ul><li>Public plan option available in the exchange </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hardship waiver” for those who can’t afford it </li></ul>
    12. 12. The Massachusetts Plan: Insurance Still Costly and Unaffordable * Also physician & hospital co-pays Source: (Boston Area, Jan 2009) Family Characteristics Annual Income Annual Cost Deductible* 30-year old individual $31,212 or more $2,459 $2,000 30-yr old couple w/2 children $63,612 or more $8,900 $3,500 55-year old couple $42,012 or more $10,476 $4,000
    13. 13. Why a Public Option? <ul><li>Provide stability, wide pooling of risks, transparency, affordability, broad provider access, source of data </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive benchmark to force private plans to reduce prices,improve coverage (“keep them honest”) </li></ul><ul><li>Lead in restraining costs and improving quality </li></ul><ul><li>Without it, there’s no reform, since there is no other change in the system </li></ul>Source: Jacob Hacker, Healthy Competition , Berkeley Law and Institute for America’s Future, April 2009, Howard Dean, Barack Obama
    14. 14. Why Not a Public Option? <ul><li>From supporters of private insurance – </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unfair competition” from government </li></ul><ul><li>Would undermine private insurance, use inherent powers of government to limit competition, underpay doctors and hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Will eventually lead to “government-run” system </li></ul><ul><li>From single payer supporters – </li></ul><ul><li>Private insurers will selectively market to the healthy (“adverse selection”) </li></ul><ul><li>Retains private insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t get all the savings possible with single payer </li></ul>
    15. 15. What Happened to the Public Plan? The Original “robust” Plan <ul><li>Open enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Medicare-like, backed by the Federal Government </li></ul><ul><li>119 million members (Lewin) </li></ul><ul><li>The Congressional Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted enrollment (only the uninsured) </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sustaining, follow same rules as private insurers </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps 10 million members (CBO) </li></ul><ul><li>The 800-pound gorilla has turned into </li></ul><ul><li>a mouse! </li></ul>
    16. 16. What Will Control Costs under the Congressional Plan? <ul><li>Emphasis on prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Computerization </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic disease management </li></ul><ul><li>Payment reforms (e.g., medical home, “bundling”) </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative effectiveness research </li></ul><ul><li>The Congressional Budget Office says these will (1) not cut costs significantly and (2) not limit the continuing rise in cost. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Covering the Uninsured and the Underinsured? <ul><li>$1 Trillion/seven years = $130 billion/yr </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Uninsured Covered: 37 million </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Uninsured Remaining: 17 million </li></ul><ul><li>[ Source: Congressional Budget Office, Letter to Rep. Charles Rangel, </li></ul><ul><li>July 17, 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Underinsured: 50 million+ </li></ul><ul><li>Even a Trillion dollars is not enough! </li></ul><ul><li>Total cost of making health care affordable: $200-300 billion/year </li></ul><ul><li>Single Payer can provide it! </li></ul>
    18. 18. Senate Finance Committee Considers How to Pay for HCR $400B <ul><li>What’s off the table? </li></ul><ul><li>$400 Billion in savings from Single Payer </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of private for-profit insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Savings in hospital and MD billing costs </li></ul><ul><li>What’s on the table? New Taxes! </li></ul><ul><li>Surtax on the wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>Employer-based health insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Sodas </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul>The Invisible Pot of Gold! Senate Finance Committee Considers How to Pay for Health Care Reform
    19. 19. Will the Mandate Plan Pass? <ul><li>Will business accept the mandate to provide coverage? </li></ul><ul><li>Will private insurance companies accept guaranteed issue and community rating? </li></ul><ul><li>Will conservatives accept the new taxes needed to fund the subsidies for the individual mandate? </li></ul><ul><li>Will the general public support a plan with a mandate to purchase insurance? </li></ul>
    20. 20. The Bottom Line on the Congressional Plan <ul><li>If it does pass in some form, it would: </li></ul><ul><li>Make the world’s most expensive system even costlier. </li></ul><ul><li>Not achieve universal coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Not improve coverage for the average person. </li></ul><ul><li>Not make affordable insurance available. </li></ul><ul><li>Not contain the continuing growth in cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Not achieve President Obama’s goals. </li></ul><ul><li> It doesn’t really reform the system. </li></ul><ul><li>It just won’t work! </li></ul>
    21. 21. Conyers: Expanded and Improved Medicare for All “single payer national health care” HR 676 <ul><li>Automatic enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Free choice of doctor and hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors and hospitals remain independent </li></ul><ul><li>Public agency processes and pays bills </li></ul><ul><li>Financed through progressive taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Costs contained through capital planning, budgeting, primary care emphasis </li></ul>
    22. 22. New – Sanders (& McDermott): American Health Security Act S 703 (HR 1200) <ul><li>Automatic enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Operated by States using Federal standards </li></ul><ul><li>Free choice of doctor and hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors and hospitals remain independent </li></ul><ul><li>Public agency processes and pays bills </li></ul><ul><li>Financed through payroll taxes </li></ul>
    23. 23. How We Pay for Health Care Today Private Insurance 34% Out of pocket 12% Other private funds (charity, etc.) 7% State and Local Government (existing Medicaid, other) 13% Federal Government (existing Medicare, Medicaid, other) 34% Source: Health Affairs , Feb. 2008; data for 2006
    24. 24. How Single Payer Could Be Paid For: One Example from a Recent Study of a California Plan Note: Payroll and income taxes between $7,000 and $200,000 only. Source: Health Care for All Californians Act: Cost and Economic Impacts Analysis, The Lewin Group, January 2005
    25. 25. Billing and Insurance: Nearly 30% of All Health Care Spending 28% Source: James G. Kahn et al, The Cost of Health Insurance Administration in California: Estimates for Insurers, Physicians, and Hospitals , Health Affairs, 2005 Allocation of Spending for Hospital and Physician Care Paid through Private Insurers
    26. 26. Covering Everyone with No Additional Spending <ul><li>Additional costs </li></ul><ul><li>Covering the uninsured and poorly-insured +6.4% </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of cost-sharing and co-pays +5.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Savings </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced hospital administrative costs -1.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced physician office costs -3.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced insurance administrative costs -5.3% </li></ul><ul><li>Bulk purchasing of drugs & equipment -2.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Primary care emphasis & reduce fraud -2.2% </li></ul>Source: Health Care for All Californians Plan, Lewin Group, January 2005 134 107 241 -21 -76 -111 -59 -46 -313 $ B Total Costs +11.5% Total Savings -15.8% Net Savings - 4.3% - 73
    27. 27. Single payer offers real tools to contain costs <ul><li>Budgeting, especially for hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Capital investment planning </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on primary care, coordination of care, and alternative ways of paying for services </li></ul><ul><li>Bulk purchasing </li></ul>
    28. 28. Conclusions <ul><li>A system based on private insurance will never lead to universal coverage, nor can it control costs </li></ul><ul><li>Only single payer can provide comprehensive services while costing no more than we now spend. </li></ul><ul><li>Only single payer can control costs going into the future. </li></ul><ul><li>If a mandate plan is passed, the problems of the health care system will not go away. Real health care reform will continue to be essential. </li></ul>We don’t need more money. We need a new system. -- Arnold Relman & Marcia Angell
    29. 29. We Can’t Wait Another 16 Years! Will We Get Real Health Care Reform Before the Premium Takes All our Income? Source: American Family Physician, November 14, 2005 Today