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European Union


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Romania make part from European Union

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European Union

  1. 1. 2009- THE EUROPEAN YEAR OF CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION DECLARED BY EUROPEAN UNION <ul><li>The European Year of Creativity and Innovation aims to raise awareness of the importance of creativity and innovation for personal, social and economic development; to disseminate good practices; to stimulate education and research, and to promote policy debate on related issues. </li></ul><ul><li>European projects and programmes for schools in 2009 : </li></ul><ul><li>eTwinning </li></ul><ul><li>Euro Creator </li></ul><ul><li>Spring Day </li></ul><ul><li>Elearning Europa </li></ul><ul><li>Life Long Learning </li></ul>
  2. 2. EUROPEAN UNION -SHORT DESCRIPTION- Romania in the European Union Presentation made by Teacher DUMA CORNEL LUCIAN - European projects 2009 -
  4. 4. THE MAP OF EUROPE Statele membre ale U E Statele candidate la aderare
  5. 5. EUROPEAN UNION SIMBOLS <ul><li>On 9 May 1950, Robert Schuman (the French minister) presented his proposal on the creation of an organised Europe, indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. </li></ul><ul><li>This proposal, known as the &quot;Schuman declaration&quot;, is considered to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union. </li></ul><ul><li>9 May – Europe Day </li></ul><ul><li>In 1986 the European Council adopted the FLAG that has become the emblem of the European Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Against the background of blue sky, twelve golden stars form a circle, representing the union of the peoples of Europe. The number of stars is fixed, twelve being the symbol of perfection and unity. </li></ul><ul><li>The European Anthem (Ode to Joy) - adapted from the final movement of Beethoven's 9th Symphony - was adopted by the Council of Europe in 1972 and has been used by the European Union since 1986. </li></ul><ul><li>The motto/slogan of the European Union is “United in Diversity” </li></ul><ul><li>On 1 January 2002 – the introduction of the Euro </li></ul><ul><li>The Euro is not the currency of all EU Member States. Two countries (Denmark and the United Kingdom) agreed an ‘opt-out’ clause in the Treaty exempting them from participation, while many of the newest EU members plus Sweden (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Romania) have to meet the conditions for adopting the single currency. Once they do so, they will replace their national currency with the euro. </li></ul><ul><li>2009 - The European Year on Creativity and Innovation </li></ul>
  6. 6. 9 MAY – EUROPE DAY <ul><li>On 9 May 1950, Robert Schuman (the French minister) presented his proposal on the creation of an organised Europe, indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. </li></ul><ul><li>This proposal, known as the &quot;Schuman declaration&quot;, is considered to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore, 9 May coincides with Victory Day, the end of World War II (celebrated on 8 May or 5 in western Europe), in the former Soviet Union states. </li></ul>
  7. 7. F LAG OF EUROPE <ul><li>The Flag of Europe consists of a circle of twelve golden(yellow) stars on a blue background. It is most commonly associated with the European Union (EU), formerly the European Communities, which adopted the flag in the 1980s. However, it was first adopted by the Council of Europe (CoE), which created it in 1955. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The EUROPEAN ANTHEM (ODE TO JOY) <ul><li>The European anthem is based on the prelude to &quot;The Ode to Joy&quot;, 4th movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 9. Due to the large number of languages in Europe, it is an instrumental version only with the original German lyrics having no official status. The anthem was announced on 19 January 1972 by the Council of Europe after being arranged by conductor Herbert von Karajan. The anthem was launched via a major information campaign on Europe Day, 5 May 1972. </li></ul><ul><li>It was adopted by European Community leaders in 1985. It does not replace national anthems, but is intended to celebrate their shared values. It is played on official occasions by both the Council of Europe and the European Union. </li></ul>
  9. 9. THE MOTTO/SLOGAN OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IS “UNITED IN DIVERSITY ” <ul><li>United in diversity was adopted as the European Union's motto in 2000 following an unofficialprocess. It was selected from entries proposed by school pupils submitted to the website, and then accepted by the President of the Europe an Parliament, Nicole Fontaine. The motto was written into the English-language version of the failed European Constitution, and now appears on official EU websites . </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE EURO <ul><li>EuroThe euro is the official currency of 16 out of 27 member states of the European Union (EU) </li></ul><ul><li>The euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit (ECU) </li></ul>
  11. 11. BRIEF HISTORY <ul><li>After the end of the Second Worl d War, moves towards European integration were seen by many as an escape from the extreme forms of nationalism which had devastated the continent. One such attempt to unite Europeans was the European Coal and Steel Community which, while having the modest aim of centralised control of the previously national coal and steel industries of its member states, was declared to be &quot;a first step in the federation of Europe&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>The founding members of the Community were Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany </li></ul>
  12. 12. BRIEF HISTORY <ul><li>The European Union was formally established when the Maastricht Treaty came into force on 1 November 1993, and in 1995 Austria, Sweden and Finland joined the newly established EU. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2002, euro notes and coins replaced national currencies in 12 of the member states. Since then, the eurozone has increased to encompass sixteen countries, with Slovakia joining the eurozone on 1 January 2009. In 2004, the EU saw its biggest enlargement to date when Malta, Cyprus, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary joined the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>On 1 January 2007, Romania and Bulgaria became the EU's newest members and Slovenia adopted the euro. </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION <ul><li>Promoting economic and social progress, achieving the single market and single currency. </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmation of European identity on the international humanitarian aid for countries, foreign policy and security policy, involvement in resolving international crises. </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of European citizenship: complements national citizenship and provides a European citizen certain civil and political rights. </li></ul><ul><li>To develop an area of freedom, security and justice: the free movement of persons. </li></ul><ul><li>The existence and consolidation in the law: all the legal texts adopted by the European institutions together with the founding treaties. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1.EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT <ul><li>Represents the democratic forum of the EU, the position of having to participate in the legislative process and to control the activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Members are elected by direct and universal vote , of 5 in 5 years, and meet in plenary sessions a week per month in Strasbourg. </li></ul><ul><li>It has 20 committees who held working meetings in Brussels following the Nice Treaty the number of members was increased to 732, of which there are currently 626 members, the remaining seats being reserved in order to extend </li></ul>
  16. 16. 2. CO UNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION <ul><li>Council of the European Union is a community institution with legislative powers. Take the opinion of the decision or procedure of co-decision with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to coordinate economic policies for the Union to conclude its name in international agreements, to approve, together with Parliament, the Community budget. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, decisions to coordinating actions of Member States in fields related to public order and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 3. EUROPEAN COMMISION <ul><li>Is the main institution of the European Union. Together with the Council of the European Parliament and drawn up triangle institutional decision at Community level. Powers of the European Commission are: - For control, monitoring compliance with treaties; - The initiative, entitled the initiative in matters of Community competence - For performance, the role of government in the Community; - The internal representation as ambassadors to the EU of different states present letters of accreditation Commission President. - The external representation, as the Commission delegation has the rank of Ambassador in third countries and offices in the Member States of E.U. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 4. EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE <ul><li>The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union . </li></ul><ul><li>It has the ultimate say on matters of EU law in order to ensure its equal application across all EU member states. </li></ul><ul><li>The court was established in 1952 and is — unlike most other Union institutions — based in Luxembourg. </li></ul>
  19. 19. 5. THE EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS <ul><li>The European Court of Auditors is the fifth institution of the European Union (EU). </li></ul><ul><li>It was established in 1975 in Luxembourg to audit the accounts of EU institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>The Court is composed of one member from each EU member state and its current president (as of 2008) is Vítor Manuel da Silva Caldeira. </li></ul>
  20. 20. PROCESS INTEGRATION OF ROMÂNIA IN THE EUROPEAN UNION <ul><li>The integration of our country in the Community has been possible only through the adoption of reforms in all sectors. To achieve these reforms, the EU granted Romania and other candidate support: PHARE Program (projects to adapt the legal and administrative systems), SAPARD (projects in agriculture). </li></ul><ul><li>Our country has intensified cooperation with all European institutions and with countries of the EU, hoping that thus easier to pass over this transition period and to achieve the proposed goals: creating a genuine democracy and economic progress is made to them give the right to stand alongside other developed countries of our old continent. </li></ul><ul><li>In the country report in 2003, drawn up by Baron Emma Nicholson, stated that &quot;Completion of the accession negotiations in late 2004 and integration is impossible in 2007 if Romania does not solve two problems endemic structural: the eradication of corruption and the implementation of the reform. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for the Romanian authorities relating to: the corruption, the independence and functioning judiciary, press freedom, stop abuse of police. </li></ul>
  21. 21. ROM ÂNIA HAS SUCCEFFULLY INTEGRATED IN THE BIG FAMILY OF EUROPEAN UNION <ul><li>Romania reacted immediately by completing an action plan for the years before accession. By the end of 2004, the EU gave good signals about Romania and the Summit in Brussels in 2004, the first of the enlarged Union, Romania has received assurances that part of the first wave of enlargement together with Bulgaria and the EU are the integration from 1 January 2007, as planned, unless the reported serious violations of the agreements reached, in which case the accession will be postponed by one year until 1 January 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission published in October 2005 a new country report on progress made by Romania in the EU accession. The report states that &quot;a serious implementation of the structural reforms of their own will allow them to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the EU.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the fact that Romania has followed the advice and reforms imposed by the European Union on 1 January 2007 it was successfully integrated within the larger European family. </li></ul>