Master gpsgis volunteer positive youth development
Iowa 4-H YouthDevelopment and 4-HGPS/GIS
What are we doing here?Training you to teach— In a way that kids can learn!
To Be Successful You NeedTo Know: • About 4-H • About Kids • The Subject • How to teach
4-H 101 What makes 4-H so effective in helping youth grow and develop?
Iowa 4-H Mission•4-H empowers youth toreach their full potentialworking and learning inpartnership with caringadults It’s about Positive Youth Development
Positive YouthDevelopment Positive youth development helps young people become competent, caring, capable, confident, connected and contributing through a series of progressive learning experiences with caring adults
4-H is a community of young people across America who arelearning leadership, citizenship andlife skills.
The 4-H Pledge "I Pledge my Head to clearer thinking, my Heart to greater loyalty, my Hands to larger service, and my Health to better living, for my club, my community, my country, and my world." The pledge tells what 4-H is all about. 4-H has as its goal the four-fold development of youth:Head, Heart, Hands and Health. The pledge was adopted by the delegates to the 1927 National 4-H Club Camp in Washington, DC. State club leaders voted for and adopted the pledge for universaluse. The phrase "and my world" was added in 1973. The saying of the pledge has prominent place in 4-H activities at regular 4-H meetings, achievement days, and other club events.
Positive Youth Development =Meeting the Needs of Youth Belonging Mastery Independence Generosity
What are these 4 basicneeds of Youth?Belonging— Finding that you have things incommon with others and you areaccepted and made to feel part ofthe groupMastery — Encouraged to try newexperiences and find out what things you are good at
What are these 4 basic needs of Youth?Independence— Giving youth a choice in what they willdo and a voice in where the group is headedGenerosity— When youth belong, feel thatthey have skills they have accomplishedand are given choices, youth will choose toshare with others of their knowledge timeand skills We need to provide them with a chance to give back
What are the EssentialElements of a great 4-HExperience? A Caring Adult An Inclusive A Safe Environment environment Opportunity to develop Opportunity to see Mastery oneself as an active participant in the Opportunities to help future others ―Service‖ Opportunities to be Opportunities to make Engaged in decisions or Self Learning Determination
A Caring Adult As a 4-H Leader your most important job is to be your Members Caring Adult. •Set boundaries and expectations and they identify each child’s strengthsAdvisorGuideMentor •Supporter Friend Advocate Supports all youth development needs
A Safe Environment Youth learn and participate more fully when they feel physically and emotionally safe. A structured yet flexible environment encourages honesty, trust, and respect. As a 4-H GPS/GIS volunteer when should you be structured and when flexible? Supports need for Belonging
An Inclusive Environment Encourages and supports its members Where youth receive positive and specific feedback from leaders, other parents and other youth. Where leader takes time to celebrate successes of all members Supports sense of belonging
Opportunities for MasteryLearning•High schoolers inNome, Alaskalearning GPS in -25below zero weather!
Opportunities to Engage inLearningDeveloping connections with what theylearn and experience in lifeSelf-reflectionLearn from Experience and ReflectionHelps to meet needs of Mastery and Independence
Opportunities to BeGenerous or ServicingOthers •Helps youth feel they a part of something larger than themselves. •Can give them immediate success and the good feelings helping others gives. •Helps youth learn new skills or use their talents wisely. •Helps them connect with others positively Helps to support the need for generosity
Opportunities for Self-DeterminationYouth and leaders are making decisions soyouth know they have an impact.Youth feel a personal sense of influence overtheir lifeYouth become self-directing and independentWhat would this look like at your 4-H GPS/GISclub meetings or camps? Supports need for independence
• What is the most important single element in helping young people become caring, contributing, and competent ?
Youth and Adult Partnerships• What does this mean? – Youth can choose which activities they wish to participate and how they want to participate- unless unsafe. – Youth meet regularly to discuss and modify existing programs with leaders. – Youth meet regularly to plan future programs or activities. – Youth evaluate programs they plan or participate in. – Youth can share and communicate the program to outsiders: they know what the program needs, why, and the how’s.
What is not a Youth/Adult partnership? • The leader and adults in the program decide what activities the youth will do. • The leader and adults decide what resources they need and find them themselves. • The leader and adults tell others what the kids are learning, because the kids dont know. • The leaders and adults decide and organize the community service projects.
How will I know I am doing a good job?•Kids are attending the •Kids are listened to andmeetings/field trips etc. genuinely valued•Kids are the focus •Balance between chaos•There’s a good mix of and rigidityconsistency and flexibility •All members successes are•The group works hard and celebratedplays hard •Newcomers are welcomed•Kids are empowered and by existing membersare making decisions •Service is practiced
Let’s take a quick Break! We will come back and get into how we better understand the youth we work with and how to help you learn
Ages & Stages of YouthDevelopment• How do young people change as they grow?• How do these changes affect you as a 4-H leader, instructor, or volunteer and the programs you plan for your club/members?
4-H age groups are in different places with…Physical Growth Growth in Thinking Social Growth Emotional Growth
Different Ages – DifferentStagesWhat are they like? Juniors Intermediates Seniors (9-11 years) (12-14 years) (15-18 years)Interest Span Varied & many times quite Lengthens with experience Almost adult like and short self-motivated High Interest, Poor Interested in skills for specific Highly skilledMotor Skills Coordination use, may tackle difficult jobs Peak of interest, Limited Increased depth and scope Continued increaseMental Ability Experience related to experience. Can see relationshipAbility to Plan Limited ability due to limited Can plan better than execute Have need and ability to experience & judgement plan HighRelating to Peers Boys-Boys, Girls-Girls Interest in opposite sex & interest in group acceptance
Experiential Learning is…• ―LEARNING BY DOING‖
Extraordinary LearningExperiences Experiential Learning Cycle- Hands-on learning with reflection Aware of what stage of development youth are in, so we know what they can learn. We are always concerned about creating a safe environment.
Experiential Educaiton Experience the activity and do it Share reactions and observations publicly Process by analyzing and reflecting upon what happened Generalize to discover what was learned and connected to life Apply what was learned to similar or different situations
Tips for using theExperiential Learning ModelPlan for time to reflect on the experience.Ask the right questions. Prepare ahead of time as you are thinking through the learning activity.Listen carefully to the youth.Support each young person’s unique learning style.
Why the Experiential LearningModel • How Young People Learn• Read 20%• Hear 20%• See 30%• Hear & See 50%• Say 70%• Do 90%