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DS²BE 
30th of April 2014 
Urban Storm Water Management: 
possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City 
Cat...
_1 DOCTORAL RESEARCHER PROfILE 
2006 
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 
SEP jUL jAN jUL jAN jUL jAN OCT jAN 
Master Architecture U...
Urban Storm Water Management: 
possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City 
_ 1 WATER AND URBANITy 
_ 2 ST...
_1 WATER AND URBANITy 
_ WATER conditions the URBANITy, in the way it is supplied, circulates 
and it is eliminated from t...
_2 STORM WATER 
makes the direct connection between THE vISIBLE and THE HIDDEN CITy 
vISIBLE CITy 
habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 5...
_ STORM WATER AS A RESSOURCE AND AS A HAZARD 
_ REgIONS WITH HIgH RISK Of NATURAL DISASTERS 
( e.g. typhoon and tsunami in...
habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 6 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
_BRUSSELS_PLACE fLAgEy_STORM WATER MANAgEMENT 
habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 7 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
_BRUSSELS_PLACE fLAgEy_STORM WATER MANAgEMENT 
Source: Photgrapher Catalina Dobre  http://www.borges.be/photo/LUIS/ 
habit...
Condensation 
Business 
Wastewater 
Transpiration 
Evaporation 
Roof and 
Area Drains 
_STORM WATER MANAgEMENT_BRUSSELS 
S...
Condensation 
Business 
Wastewater 
Transpiration 
Evaporation 
_SENSITIvE STORM WATER MANAgEMENT 
habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 1...
_3 WATER SENSITIvE CITy 
_ Developed in Australia, in an extreme climate with a high rate of water related hazards 
_ Bala...
_ By improving STORM WATER MANAgEMENT, you increase urban liveability 
(Wong  Brown, 2009) 
_ Previous practices: 
_ North...
_4 RESEARCH qUESTIONS AND OBjECTIvES 
BUT.... 
SENSITIvE STORM WATER MANAgEMENT PRACTICES were applied just in isolated 
c...
_ MAIN OBjECTIvE 
To evaluate the capacity of ‘water sensitivity’ to bring new insights to storm water 
management practic...
_ ADDIACENT OBjECTIvES 
to position the concept of WATER SENSITIvE CITy within the evolution of contemporary 
models for t...
_5 METHODOLOgy 
B$'H¿QLWLRQRICRITERIA fOR SELECTINg indicators through the analysis of the 
concept of sensitive storm wat...
A CRITERIA fOR SELECTINg INDICATORS 
_Theoretical framework 
B'H¿QHWKHFRQFHSWRIµZDWHUVHQVLWLYLW¶WKURXJKDKLVWRULFDODSSURDFK...
THE CONCEPT Of ‘WATER SENSITIvITy’ 
SEARCHINg fOR BALANCE BETWEEN WATER AND URBANITy 
Bacteriological 
City 
Sanitary 
Cit...
WATER SENSITIvE URBAN DESIgN is the process and 
WATER SENSITIvE CITy is the outcome 
habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 19 WATER SENSI...
Rain water harvesting and treatment 
ex.Postdamer Platz, Berlin 
Source (Hoyer, Dickhaut, Kronwitter,  Weber, 2011) 
habit...
Surface urban drainage system 
e.g. Marina Zona franca. Barcelona 
Source Photographer: Catalina Dobre 
habiter 30/ 04 / 2...
Rain water Pavilion 
ex. friche Eggevoort, Bruxelles 
Source PUM association website: http://pumproject.wordpress.com 
hab...
_ fURTHER OBjECTIvES 
_Criteria for selecting indicators for sensitive storm water management practices 
B:KDWDUHWKHFKDOOH...
_ B. COMPOSITION Of AN ASSESSMENT TOOL 
_ Critical review of available indicators (Storm water management, Urban perceptio...
_ C. TESTINg THE ASSESSMENT TOOL 
_ Empirical work is conducted in order to evaluate the limits of the previously elaborat...
Urban Storm Water Management: 
possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City 
_ Water and Urbanity / Storm W...
habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 27 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE 
REfERENCES 
MAPS AND gRAPHICS: 
%DVHGRQ6W/RXLV0'OHDQ5LYHU+HDOWK$YD...
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Urban Storm Water Management: possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City - Catalina-Codruta Dobre

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Urban Storm Water Management: possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City - Catalina-Codruta Dobre

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Urban Storm Water Management: possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City - Catalina-Codruta Dobre

  1. 1. DS²BE 30th of April 2014 Urban Storm Water Management: possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City Catalina-Codruta Dobre (Architect & Doctoral Researcher ULB LoUIsE & HABITER) CONTACT: Catalina.Dobre@ulb.ac.be Promoter: Prof.D.Luisa Moretto habiter
  2. 2. _1 DOCTORAL RESEARCHER PROfILE 2006 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 SEP jUL jAN jUL jAN jUL jAN OCT jAN Master Architecture ULB Internship_Kazakhstan ,QWHUQVKLS$UFKLWHFWXUH2I¿FHVB%UXVVHOV PhD ULB full TIme Doctoral Researcher RAW Association Risk Architecture Workshop habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 2 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE UAUIM Bucharest
  3. 3. Urban Storm Water Management: possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City _ 1 WATER AND URBANITy _ 2 STORM WATER MANAgEMENT, A LINK BETWEEN THE vISIBLE AND THE HIDDEN CITy _ 3 WHAT IS THE WATER SENSITIvE CITy? _ 4 RESEARCH qUESTION AND OBjECTIvES _ 5 METHODOLOgy habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 3 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  4. 4. _1 WATER AND URBANITy _ WATER conditions the URBANITy, in the way it is supplied, circulates and it is eliminated from the urban environment (Swyngedouw, 2004) _ BALANCE between WATER and URBANITy is determined by: _ the capacity of urban planning procedures and hydrological models’ performance to integrate factors from climate change, demographical variations, new technological discoveries and urban growth (Zevenbergen, Cashman, Evelpidou, 2010) _ the link between human water-related activities and the other of water-dependent ecosystems (Carmon and Shamir 2010) habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 4 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  5. 5. _2 STORM WATER makes the direct connection between THE vISIBLE and THE HIDDEN CITy vISIBLE CITy habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 5 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE STORM WATER HIDDEN CITy
  6. 6. _ STORM WATER AS A RESSOURCE AND AS A HAZARD _ REgIONS WITH HIgH RISK Of NATURAL DISASTERS ( e.g. typhoon and tsunami in japan french Atlantic Coast) _ REgIONS WITH A MEDIUM RISK Of NATURAL DISASTERS ( e.g. water scarcity and water salinisation in Barcelona ) _ REgIONS WITH A MEDIUM RISK Of NATURAL DISASTERS HJXUEDQÀRRGLQJLQ%UXVVHOV
  7. 7. habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 6 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  8. 8. _BRUSSELS_PLACE fLAgEy_STORM WATER MANAgEMENT habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 7 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  9. 9. _BRUSSELS_PLACE fLAgEy_STORM WATER MANAgEMENT Source: Photgrapher Catalina Dobre http://www.borges.be/photo/LUIS/ habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 8 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  10. 10. Condensation Business Wastewater Transpiration Evaporation Roof and Area Drains _STORM WATER MANAgEMENT_BRUSSELS Storm water Sewer Sewer habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 9 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE Roof and Area Drains Streat Storm Drains Combined Sewer Treated Water Public Waterway (Surface Water) Combined Sewer Outfall Combined Sanitary Waste Storm Water Weir Wall Overflow Structure Flow to Wastewater Treatment Facility Residential Wastewater Wastewater Treatment Facility Drinking Water rSuunrf-aocffe
  11. 11. Condensation Business Wastewater Transpiration Evaporation _SENSITIvE STORM WATER MANAgEMENT habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 10 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE Roof and Area Drains Streat Storm new rivers Sewer Drinking Water Residential to Industrial Sewer Sewer Treated Water Wetland Public Waterway (Surface Water) Sanitary Waste Water Flow to Wastewater Treatment Facility 1st phase of treatement 2nd phase of treatment Residential Wastewater Wastewater Treatment Facility Storm water
  12. 12. _3 WATER SENSITIvE CITy _ Developed in Australia, in an extreme climate with a high rate of water related hazards _ Balance between water and urbanity through a series of conceptual recommendations _avoid and recover after water related hazards _to adapt to climate change and urban growth _express the community’s values and aspirations in relation with water _ Brings closer water management and urban planning habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 11 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  13. 13. _ By improving STORM WATER MANAgEMENT, you increase urban liveability (Wong Brown, 2009) _ Previous practices: _ North America Best Management in Practice, _ UK Sustainable Urban Drainage _ french speaking community as Alternative Measure to Surface run-off _ Resource for human life and urbanity B5LVNRIÀRRGLQJDVDQRSSRUWXQLW _ At the ground level and not underground _ Change in mentality and practice habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 12 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  14. 14. _4 RESEARCH qUESTIONS AND OBjECTIvES BUT.... SENSITIvE STORM WATER MANAgEMENT PRACTICES were applied just in isolated cases, due to: _ Concept elaborated for extreme climates / high rates of water related hazards _ Different terminologies, similar directions - Lack of general recognition _ Concept vs Effectiveness habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 13 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  15. 15. _ MAIN OBjECTIvE To evaluate the capacity of ‘water sensitivity’ to bring new insights to storm water management practices through an ASSESSMENT TOOL comprising indicators from: WATER MANAgEMENT, PERCEPTIONS Of WATER IN THE CITy, WATER gOvERNANCE. habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 14 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  16. 16. _ ADDIACENT OBjECTIvES to position the concept of WATER SENSITIvE CITy within the evolution of contemporary models for the city. WRGH¿QHSTORM WATER’S BENEfITS in the urban water cycle by combining systemic (techincal concerns) and anthropological (urban perceptions) to introduce different perspectives into the process of DECISION-MAKINg. habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 15 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  17. 17. _5 METHODOLOgy B$'H¿QLWLRQRICRITERIA fOR SELECTINg indicators through the analysis of the concept of sensitive storm water management _ B COMPOSITION Of AN ASSESSMENT TOOL through the investigation of available indicators from water management, perception and water governance _ C TESTINg THE ASSESSMENT TOOL to selected case studies habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 16 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  18. 18. A CRITERIA fOR SELECTINg INDICATORS _Theoretical framework B'H¿QHWKHFRQFHSWRIµZDWHUVHQVLWLYLW¶WKURXJKDKLVWRULFDODSSURDFKRQWKHHYROXWLRQ of city models. (Sustainable City, Ecopolis ans Resilient City) (folke et al., 2010; Karvonen, 2011; Thompson Steiner, 1997) B%HQH¿WVDQG/LPLWDWLRQRIVHQVLWLYHVWRUPZDWHUPDQDJHPHQWWRWKHXUEDQZDWHU cycle by combining systemic and anthropological approaches (‘urban metabolism’ and ‘the meaning of water’) (gandy, 2004; Strang, 2004) habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 17 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  19. 19. THE CONCEPT Of ‘WATER SENSITIvITy’ SEARCHINg fOR BALANCE BETWEEN WATER AND URBANITy Bacteriological City Sanitary City Water Sustainable City habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 18 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE Management and Ecology and Urban Planning Urban form Modern City Compact City Resilient City Ecopolis Water Sensitive City 1850 1900 1950 1970 2000 1990
  20. 20. WATER SENSITIvE URBAN DESIgN is the process and WATER SENSITIvE CITy is the outcome habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 19 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  21. 21. Rain water harvesting and treatment ex.Postdamer Platz, Berlin Source (Hoyer, Dickhaut, Kronwitter, Weber, 2011) habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 20 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  22. 22. Surface urban drainage system e.g. Marina Zona franca. Barcelona Source Photographer: Catalina Dobre habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 21 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  23. 23. Rain water Pavilion ex. friche Eggevoort, Bruxelles Source PUM association website: http://pumproject.wordpress.com habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 22 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  24. 24. _ fURTHER OBjECTIvES _Criteria for selecting indicators for sensitive storm water management practices B:KDWDUHWKHFKDOOHQJHVDQGEHQH¿WVWRDFKLHYHµZDWHUVHQVLWYLW¶ _Atlas of the urban water cycle, with Brussels as case study based on technical questions and questions of perceptions habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 23 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  25. 25. _ B. COMPOSITION Of AN ASSESSMENT TOOL _ Critical review of available indicators (Storm water management, Urban perceptions Water governance) _ Selection of indicators based upon the available indicators and the criteria developed in WKH¿UVWSDUW _ Objective: Assessment tool for sensitive storm water management practices habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 24 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  26. 26. _ C. TESTINg THE ASSESSMENT TOOL _ Empirical work is conducted in order to evaluate the limits of the previously elaborated assessment tool _ Objective: validate the assessment tool for sensitive storm water management practices to the European context habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 25 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  27. 27. Urban Storm Water Management: possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City _ Water and Urbanity / Storm Water Water Sensitive City / Water Sensitive Urban Design _ Assessment Tool for sensitive storm water management practices _ Criteria for selection indicators / Composing and Testing Assessment tool _ Limits of the study habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 26 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE
  28. 28. habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 27 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE REfERENCES MAPS AND gRAPHICS: %DVHGRQ6W/RXLV0'OHDQ5LYHU+HDOWK$YDLODEOHDWKWWSHFREURRNOQFRPZSFRQWHQWXSORDGVRPELQH:DVWH:DWHU2YHUÀRZMSHJ Urbis map: http://www.cirb.irisnet.be/fr/nos-solutions/urbis-solutions AgUIAR, Dv DE. 2013. “What Is Urbanity About?” In Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium, edited by y Kim, H Park, and K Seo. Seol: Se-jong University. AHERN, j. 2011. “from fail-Safe to Safe-to-fail: Sustainability and Resilience in the New Urban World.” Landscape and Urban Planning 100 (4) (April): 341–343. ARNfIELD, A j. 2003. “Two Decades of Urban Climate Research: A Review of Turbulence, Exchanges of Energy and Water, and the Urban Heat Island.” International journal of Climatology 23: 1–26. BEARDMORE, KI., K. MARKWELL, C. CHATBURN, AND P. BREE. 2012. “How Do you Create a ‘WaterSmart Liveable City’?” In Planning Institute of Australia 2012 National Congress, 1–23. Adelaide. CARMON, N., AND U. SHAMIR. 2010. “Water-Sensitive Planning: Integrating Water Considerations into Urban and Regional Planning.” Water and Environment journal 24: 181–191. fERgUSON, B. C., NIKI fRANTZESKAKI, AND REBEKAH R. BROWN. 2013. “A Strategic Program for Transitioning to a Water Sensitive City.” Landscape and Urban Planning 117 (September): 32–45. fOLKE, C., S. R CARPENTER, B. WALKER, MSCHEffER, T. C., AND j. ROCKSTRöM. 2010. “Resilience Thinking : Integrating Resilience , Adaptability and Transformability.” Ecology and Society 15 (4). gANDy, MATTHEW. 2004. “Rethinking Urban Metabolism: Water, Space and the Modern City.” City 8 (3) (December): 363–379. KARvONEN, A. 2011. Politics of Urban Runoff: Nature, Technology, and the Sustainable City. Edited by Robert gottelieb and Henry Luce. Environ-mental History. London: MIT Press. PATTON, M. q. 2002. “23. Utilization-focused Evaluation.” Evaluation Models: 425–438. RHEINgANTZ, P. 2012. “Narratives or Translations of Urbanity.” In Urbanidades, edited by D Aguiar and vinicius De Moraes Netto, 135 – 161. Rio: Letra e Imagem. STRANg, v. 2004. The Meaning of Water. New york: Oxford International Publishers. STUffLEBEAM, D., AND A SHINKfIELD. 2007. Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications. San francisco CA: jossy-Bass. SWyNgEDOUW, E. 1999. “Modernity and Hybridity: Nature, Regeneracionismo, and the Production of the Spanish Waterscape, 1890–1930.” An-nals of the Association of American … 89 (3): 443–465. THOMPSON, gf, AND fR STEINER. 1997. Ecological Design and Planning. vol. 35. New york: john Wiley Sons. WARD, S. 2002. Planning for the 20th Century City. New york: john Wiley Sons. WONg, T H f, AND R R BROWN. 2009. “The Water Sensitive City: Principles for Practice.” Water Science and Technology : A journal of the Inter-national Association on Water Pollution Research 60: 673–682. WONg, T.H.f., R. ALLEN, j. BERINgER, R BROWN, A DELETIC, T.D. fLETCHER, L gANgADHARAN, et al. 2012. Stormwater Management in a Water Sensitive City. Edited by T.H.f. Wong. Clayton: The centre for Water Sensitive Cities. ZEvENBERgEN, C, A CASHMAN, AND N EvELPIDOU. 2010. Urban flood Management. London: Taylor and francis group.
  29. 29. Urban Storm Water Management: possible catalyst for moving towards a Water Sensitive City habiter 30/ 04 / 2014 28 WATER SENSITIVE CITY // DS²BE

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