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Sustainable Group Housing Projects 
Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework 
for Early Design Support 
UA: p...
RESEARCHER PROFILE 
TOPIC 
MOTIVATION 
AMBITION & ILLUSTRATIVE PRELIMINARY RESULTS 
PUBLICATIONS 
2 
SGHP – Setting Up a M...
3 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Researcher profile
4 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Topic 
Sense of urgency 
‘Sustai...
5 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Motivation 
Accumulation of prob...
6 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Ambition - objectives 
Actual ob...
7 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Ambition – questions and approac...
8 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Ambition – methodology – strateg...
9 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Ambition – methodology – part A ...
10 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Ambition – methodology – part A...
explorative – descriptive - analytic – synthetical verification - optimization 
fragmented: thematic - component level int...
12 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Ambition – methodology – part B...
13 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Ambition – limitations & outloo...
14 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Publications – fundamental rese...
15 
SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support 
Publications – outputs 
GROUP H...
BART JANSSENS, M.ARCH. – BREEAM AP 
architect - doctoral researcher – lecturer 
Faculty of Design Sciences - Architecture
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Sustainable Group Housing Projects: Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support

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Sustainable Group Housing Projects:
Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support

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Sustainable Group Housing Projects: Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support

  1. 1. Sustainable Group Housing Projects Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support UA: prof. dr. A. Verbruggen, prof. ir. arch. L. Denissen, prof. dr. A. Verhetsel TU Delft: prof. Dr. M. Van Dorst BART JANSSENS, M.ARCH. – BREEAM AP architect - doctoral researcher – lecturer Faculty of Design Sciences - Architecture
  2. 2. RESEARCHER PROFILE TOPIC MOTIVATION AMBITION & ILLUSTRATIVE PRELIMINARY RESULTS PUBLICATIONS 2 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Content
  3. 3. 3 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Researcher profile
  4. 4. 4 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Topic Sense of urgency ‘Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.’WCED, 1987 ‘Sustainable building or the Green Building practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort.’ USEPA, 2009 > Huge impact of built environment ‘Group housing projects are projects simultaneously designed and constructed, composed of multiple private dwelling units in a strong coherent whole, in a conceptual, architectural, urban, social, organizational way.’ WIM, 2009 > Increasing sector in Flanders (VRIND, 2011), Belgium (Ruimte & Wonen, 2011) > Stillminority in built environment (Eurostat and Ruimte &Wonen) ‘Built environment is the human-made space in which people live, work, and recreate on a day-to-day basis.’ ROOF & OLERU, 2008
  5. 5. 5 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Motivation Accumulation of problems Sustainable Housing No broad support base ! Lack of / low spatial and living quality (WIM, 2011) Negative impact for the here and now, and the later and elsewere (hypothesis) Sustainable Building No broad support base ! Lack of an integral, objective and operational framework ! Ad hoc, inefficient & ineffective design process ! Misuse of existing tools Lack of suitable early design support tools (hypothesis) Sustainable Group Housing Projects Insignificant share building sector / not meanstream No integral approach in so called ‘best practices’ (hypothesis) Reference document? Slow market regulation • Rigid sector > crucial role for academic research (Bijdendijk, 2006) Societal relevance theory ∧∧∧∧ GAB ∨∨∨∨ practice promising combination Reference document? Tailored criteria?
  6. 6. 6 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition - objectives Actual objective > GAB NARROWING: THEORY - PRACTICE ! Setting up a methodological and substantive framework for early design support in view of successes in sustainable group housing projects • Sub objective A: Building a generic methodological framework for a sustainability tool tailored for architect-designers • Sub objective B: Determining a group housing specific substantive content of developed framework Underlying objective > MAINSTREAMING SUSTAINABLE GROUP HOUSING • Development of an integral framework for sustainable group housing projects • Creating a starting point for a future operational tool, an interface between theory and practice • Verifying stated hypotheses (tailored criteria for and final developed framework as reference) • Broadening the support base for sustainable group housing projects, group housing and sustainable building in general
  7. 7. 7 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition – questions and approach Main Questions Sub questions Part A • What generic methodological framework for a sustainability tool could be suitable for an architect-designer? o Features of object, aim, actor and process? o Criteria for such a tool? o Issues of existing kinds of tools o What could be a promising concept? o Which ‘state of the art’ recommendations should be kept in mind for the development? Part B • What is the group housing specific substantive content (body of knowledge) for developed methodological framework? Depending on the outcomes of part A Approach Interrelation practicing architect - academician
  8. 8. 8 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition – methodology – strategic approach Science – literature - knowledge Experience –- tangible day – to – day reality Generic methodological framework ‘There is a great wealth of knowledge carried in the objects of our material culture. If you want to know how an object should be designed – e.g. what shapes and sizes it should have, what material it should be made from – go and look at existing examples of that kind of object, and simply (i.e. learn!) from the past.’ (Cross, 2006) ‘knowledge that resides in objects’ (Cross, 2006) (Douglas & Isherwood, 1979) ‘invention comes before theory’ “the world of ‘doing and making’ is usually ahead of the world of understanding – technology leads to science, not vica versa as is often believed.”(Pye, 1978) ‘metaphoric appreciation’ (Cross, 2006) Specific substantive body of knowledge this is the work for a scientist, preferably with a background of a designer
  9. 9. 9 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition – methodology – part A ‘Within the field of design research, design praxiology studies the practices and processes of design.’ Cross, 1999 aim process object actor ANALYSIS – SYNTHESIS – REASONING DELIMITED LITERATURE STUDY EVALUATIVE LEAP Criteria Issues of existing kinds of tools Delimination of a concept Set of starting points Proposition for aimed generic methodological framework VERIFICATION PRACTITIONERS
  10. 10. 10 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition – methodology – part A – preliminary results implicit elements (IE) explicit elements (EE) (EE-1) Backgrounding Theory, practice, and interfacing aspects of object and aim • identification & definition • components & variables • state of the art • relationship & balance (EE-2) Ideological concepts Pre-design considerations for problem framing and post-design referencing • overall guiding principles • quantitative rules of thumb • qualitative guiding principles … as design recommendations (EE-4) Compact concepts Design inspiration: integrated spatial nested solution generators • thematic nested measures • morphologic object component nested measures • (Illustrative morphologic object model based measures packages) (EE-3) Diffuse concepts Design inspiration: single / multiple oriented solution generators • specification sheets of measures • schemata of cohesive of cohesive measures Science – literature - measures for guiding principles • cross guiding principle schemata knowledge Experience –- tangible day – to – day reality (IE-1) Best real-life practice backed (IE-2) Cross structure referencing (IE-3) Suitable representation techniques (IE-4) Database of knowledge (IE-5) Building of episodic knowledge (IE-6) Transcending the specific (IE-7) No value judgement (IE-8) Non exhaustive display (IE-9) Combinability’s (IE-10) Satisfying and optimizing theory – practice / problem – solution gradation < GAB NARROWING > (SE) Pre operational tool
  11. 11. explorative – descriptive - analytic – synthetical verification - optimization fragmented: thematic - component level integral: project level 11 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition – methodology – part B LITERATURE CASESTUDY RESEARCH RESEARCH BY DESIGN EE-1 EE-2 EE-3 EE-4 SE Body of theory • Group housing • Sustainable development • Sustainable building Synoptic table • Sustainability measures • Group housing features Development • Plausible concepts EE-2 EE-3 EE-4 case case evaluative leap Implementation Design Evaluation Development Analysis outside the core of the research EE-1
  12. 12. 12 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition – methodology – part B – illustrative preliminary results EE-2 Ideological concepts qualitative guiding principles EE-4 Compact concepts spatial nested measures EE-3 Diffuse concepts measure > cohesive measures Ghost layer, mesh, referencing document Schemata, combining abilities IDI - Opportunities for personalisation SIA - Privacy regulation SCO- Public/collective/private gradation ATT- Possibilities for recreation … ENE - Bioclimatic design WAT - Handling of rainwater MAT - Protection of materials by design ECO - Green & blue network …
  13. 13. 13 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Ambition – limitations & outlook Limitations • Selected literature • Focus on tangible sustainable pillars (P/P) with physical-spatial impacts on the project • Casestudyresearch on selected projects o amount (+/- 50) o demonstration and best practice projects (self-claimed, objective?) • Approach of an architect-researcher Outlook • Verification generic methodological framework (part A) by working field of architect-designers (2014) • Research by design for verification and optimization (students ‘14 – ’15) • Verification framework by working field of architect-designers • Development of the framework into a practical tool
  14. 14. 14 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Publications – fundamental research, inputs part A THE ANATOMY OF INVESTING IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS, Energy and Buildings, 2011 EVALUATING IRREVOCABLE EE HOUSING INVESTMENTS UNDER UNCERTAINTY: A CASE STUDY, PassiveHouse Symposium 2011, Belgium ARCHITECTURAL AND FINANCIAL EVALUATION OF UPGRADING THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF RECENT MASSIVE BRICK HOUSES, PassiveHouse Symposium 2011, Belgium ECOLOGICAL BUILDING DESIGN MEASURES AS A POWERFUL LEVERAGE FOR SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AND VICE VERSA: A ‘REAL-LIFE‘ PERSPECTIVE FROM GROUPED HOUSING PROJECTS, PLEA 2012, Peru AVOIDING IRREVOCABLE INVESTMENTS IN BUILDINGS‘ ENERGY PERFORMANCE LEVELS, ISUP conference 2012, Belgium / Energy Forum 2012, Italy FEASIBILITY OF UPGRADING THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF RECENT MASSIVE BRICK HOUSES, Frontiers of Architectural Research, 2014
  15. 15. 15 SGHP – Setting Up a Methodological and Substantive Framework for Early Design Support Publications – outputs GROUP HOUSING PROJECTS AS A POWERFUL LEVERAGE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, PassiveHouse Symposium 2009, Belgium ECOLOGICAL BUILDING DESIGN MEASURES AS A POWERFUL LEVERAGE FOR SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AND VICE VERSA: A ‘REAL-LIFE‘ PERSPECTIVE FROM GROUPED HOUSING PROJECTS, PLEA 2012, Peru > Output part B > Output part B REVIEWING THE FIRST EUROPEAN RESIDENTIAL PROJECT RECEIVING THE ‘OUTSTANDING‘ BREEAM CERTIFICATE, PLEA 2013, Germany > Output part B ASSESSMENT AND RATING TOOLS: A GUARANTEE FOR SUSTAINABLE SUCCESSES? Architecture and Sustainability Book Project, 2014 > Output part B SUSTAINABLE GROUP HOUSING PROJECTS: INTRODUCTION, INSIGHTS AND VERIFICATION WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF SURINAM, Anton De Kom University of Surinam, 2014, Surinam > Output part B SUSTAINABILITY TOOLS FOR ARCHITECT-DESIGNERS: CRITERIA, ISSUES AND OUTLOOK, Architectural Design Conference, 2014, Turkey > Output part A TRANSITIONAL SPACES: RECONCILING CONFLICTS IN DENSE SUSTAINABLE HOUSING PROJECTS, The European Conference on Sustainability, Energy & the Environment 3 – 6 July 2014, Brighton, United Kingdom > Output part B
  16. 16. BART JANSSENS, M.ARCH. – BREEAM AP architect - doctoral researcher – lecturer Faculty of Design Sciences - Architecture

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