Learning Disability-Thinking outside the box


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How to handle kids with LD at school?

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Learning Disability-Thinking outside the box

  1. 1. LEARNING DISABILITY -Thinking outside the box -Dr Trupti Patel
  2. 2. Mozart
  3. 3. Leonardo Da Vinci
  4. 4. Thomas Edison
  5. 5. Alexander Graham Bell
  6. 6. Isaac Newton
  7. 7. Walt Disney
  8. 8. Albert Einstein
  9. 9. Winston Churchill
  10. 10. Bill Gates
  11. 11. Robin Williams
  12. 12. Tom Cruise
  13. 13. Abhishek Bacchan
  14. 14. The world wouldn’t have been the same without these people? What is common in all of them?
  15. 15. M hat is co an in ol of te ? m m
  17. 17. What do you think LD is?
  18. 18. Try cutting a circle out of a paper using your left hand (if you are right handed)
  19. 19. Differently “wired” Dyslexic mind Normal mind
  20. 20. They have difficulty in reading, writing, spelling, calculating, remembering and/or organizing information
  21. 21. Specific learning disabilities Dyslexia Dysgraphia Dyscalculia
  22. 22. Facts <ul><li>Not related to IQ </li></ul><ul><li>10 % of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Usually more than one coexist </li></ul><ul><li>No “cure” but it can be treated </li></ul><ul><li>Found more in boys </li></ul><ul><li>Runs in families </li></ul>
  23. 23. LD is not .… due to <ul><li>Visual disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Motor disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Mental retardation </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Any Environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage </li></ul>
  24. 24. It is better to build children than to repair adults
  25. 28. Teachers Parents Doctors Self esteem Academics Life success (Timely intervention) (Early diagnosis) (Good involvement)
  26. 29. Dyslexia <ul><li>May be fearful of reading, writing and spelling in class </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent spelling / reading errors. </li></ul><ul><li>Letter / number reversals </li></ul><ul><li>Change order of letters / numbers </li></ul><ul><li>May not know side/ direction / time </li></ul>
  27. 31. Dysgraphia <ul><li>Tight, awkward pencil grip and body position </li></ul><ul><li>Illegible handwriting </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid writing or drawing tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Unfinished or omitted words in sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty organizing thoughts on paper </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly associated with other disabilities </li></ul>
  28. 32. Do not worry about your problems with mathematics, I assure you mine are far greater. –Albert Einstein
  29. 33. Dyscalculia <ul><li>Trouble counting and sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>Confuses time/side/ direction </li></ul><ul><li>Poor handling of money </li></ul><ul><li>Forgets phone numbers, maps etc </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t grasp Quantity concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Always anxious about Algebra/geometry </li></ul>
  30. 34. TIPS AND STRATEGIES 1.Change for better 2.Best classroom practices 3.Accommodations
  31. 35. Change your attitude The biggest disease today is not tuberculosis or leprosy but it is feeling of being unwanted -Mother Teresa
  32. 36. Shift your focus Concentrate on behavior than diagnosis
  33. 37. Always be hopeful I’m looking for a lot of men with an infinite capacity for not knowing what cannot be done -Henry ford
  34. 38. Preserve Self Esteem Self esteem is the way one feels about oneself
  35. 39. Children learn what they live Praise-they learn to appreciate Ridicule-they learn to be shy Encouragement-they learn to like themselves Criticism-they learn to condemn Tolerance-they learn to be patient Acceptance-they learn to find love in this world.
  36. 40. Have patience Do not expect a “breakthrough” Start by doing what is necessary, then what is possible and suddenly, you are doing the impossible. -St Francis Assisi
  37. 41. TIPS AND STRATEGIES 1.Change for better 2.Best classroom practices 3.Accommodations
  38. 42. Make it enjoyable Albert Einstein has said It is the supreme art of teacher to awaken joy in creative expression & knowledge.
  39. 43. Reward the behavior you want to increase Punish the behavior you want to decrease Reward Ignore Punish
  40. 44. Small is good Life is hard ;by the yard, But by the inch; it is a cinch -Gean Gordon
  41. 45. More is better Children know how to learn in more ways then we know how to teach them -Ronald Edmunds
  42. 46. Individual style best When students cannot learn the way we teach them We must teach them the way they learn -Dunn(1990)
  43. 47. Accommodations Accommodations are different ways in the delivery, content or instructional level of subject matter or tests
  44. 48. Allow extra time Segmented tests and less homework I want a writer n let me use calculator n books in exams
  45. 49. Reading difficulties <ul><li>Simple texts with bigger fonts </li></ul><ul><li>Educational videos </li></ul><ul><li>Charts/graphs/drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Talking books or “read along” books </li></ul><ul><li>hands on experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Use activity-based study tools, like role-playing or model building </li></ul>
  46. 50. Writing & Spelling difficulties <ul><li>Taped lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Oral assessment </li></ul><ul><li>MCQ type exams </li></ul><ul><li>Give photocopies of lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Misspeller’s dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Say aloud while writing </li></ul><ul><li>Visual charts </li></ul>
  47. 51. Maths difficulties <ul><li>Table of formulae or facts </li></ul><ul><li>Allow use of calculators </li></ul><ul><li>Learning with abacus, number blocks etc </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday maths </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodate by giving marks for right steps </li></ul>
  48. 52. Memory & Listening skills <ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Rhymes </li></ul><ul><li>Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Audio Tapes </li></ul><ul><li>Mnemonics </li></ul><ul><li>Computer based learning </li></ul>
  49. 53. Organizing Difficulties <ul><li>Use of highlighters </li></ul><ul><li>Color-coded books </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment diary </li></ul><ul><li>Specific instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Homework buddy </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduler with dates & times </li></ul>
  50. 54. ADHD <ul><li>Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Frequents breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid distractions-noise/flickering lights etc </li></ul><ul><li>Stand & study </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential seating </li></ul><ul><li>Repeatedly seek attention </li></ul><ul><li>Give accessories that divert energy but maintain attention </li></ul>
  51. 55. Autistic Spectrum disorders <ul><li>Difficulty in Language & expression </li></ul><ul><li>Use visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>Visual time clock </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures/ Diagrams/illustrations </li></ul><ul><li>Control disruptive behaviors by isolation/time out/make them stand in corner </li></ul>
  52. 56. Have a Vision When the vision is one year cultivate flowers When the vision is 10 years cultivate trees When the vision is eternity cultivate people
  53. 57. Don’t ever give up because every student can learn
  54. 58. Thank you!!