Cardiovascular system <br />
What is cardiovascular system ?<br />Functions of cardiovascular system ?<br />Layer of heart ?<br />Heart chambers ?<br /...
List of coronary diseases list ?<br />Major and minor factor which affects to heart ?<br />    Measurement  technique?<br />
Heart +circulatory system =cardiovascular system <br />
 Cardiovascular System consist of<br />1. Heart<br />2. Blood Vessels<br />3. Blood<br />
 Functions of cardiovascular system<br />Pumping blood to the body tissues and cells <br />Supplying oxygen and nutrients ...
Layer of heart <br />Pericardium –  outer <br />Myocardium-- middle<br />Endocardium—inner <br />
Heart chambers<br />right atrium <br />Left atrium<br />Right ventrical<br />Left ventrical<br />
Valve of heart <br />
The tricuspid valve regulates blood flow between the right atrium and right ventricle<br />The pulmonary valve controls bl...
Tricuspid valve - located between the right atrium and the right ventricle.<br />Pulmonary valve - located between the rig...
heart valves function<br />When the left ventricle relaxes, the aortic valve closes and the mitral valve opens, to allow b...
Blood vessels<br />Blood vessels are intricate network of hollow tubes that transport blood throughout the body <br />
Types of blood vessels<br />Arteries – red blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart <br />Veins – blood vessels ...
Arteries    veins<br />Transport blood from the      transport blood towards <br />Heart                                  ...
Transports blood under          transports blood under <br />Higher pressure                       lower pressure <br />Do...
Capillary functions<br />vital role in the exchange of gases, <br />nutrients, and metabolic waste products <br />between ...
Types of circulation<br />Pulmonary circulation<br />Coronary circulation <br />Systemic circulation <br />
In pulmonary circulation<br />
In coronary circulation<br />
Coronary diseas list <br />Congestive Heart Failure<br />Coronary Artery Disease<br />Acute Myocardial Infarction<br />Hyp...
major risk factors that can't be changed<br />Increasing age <br />Gender <br />Heredity <br />
major risk factors you can modify, treat or control by changing your lifestyle or taking medicine<br />Tobacco smoke <br /...
factors contribute to heart disease risk<br />Stress<br />Too much alcohol <br />
Sign and symptoms <br />Chest pain or chest discomfort (angina)<br />Pain in one or both arms, the left shoulder, neck, ja...
Diagnosis of cardiovascular system <br />Chest x ray <br />Stress test <br />Tilt table test <br />Echocardiogram<br />Car...
Treatment of cardiovascular system <br />Therapeutic treatment <br />Medical treatment <br />Surgical treat ment<br />
Measurement techniques<br />Electrocardiogram—for cardiac electrophysiology<br />Sphygmomanometer and stethoscope—for bloo...
                            Thank you <br />
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Cardiovascular system by anamika

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here u can find out information regarding cardiac anatomy and physiology .

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Cardiovascular system by anamika

  1. 1. Cardiovascular system <br />
  2. 2. What is cardiovascular system ?<br />Functions of cardiovascular system ?<br />Layer of heart ?<br />Heart chambers ?<br />Valves of heart ?<br />Location and function of heart valves ?<br />Type of blood vessels?<br />Difference between arteries and veins?<br /> capillaries function ?<br />Circulation of blood through the heart ?<br />Types of circulation ?<br />
  3. 3. List of coronary diseases list ?<br />Major and minor factor which affects to heart ?<br /> Measurement technique?<br />
  4. 4. Heart +circulatory system =cardiovascular system <br />
  5. 5.  Cardiovascular System consist of<br />1. Heart<br />2. Blood Vessels<br />3. Blood<br />
  6. 6.  Functions of cardiovascular system<br />Pumping blood to the body tissues and cells <br />Supplying oxygen and nutrients to tissues and cells<br />Removing carbon dioxide and other waste products of metabolism from tissues and cells<br />
  7. 7. Layer of heart <br />Pericardium – outer <br />Myocardium-- middle<br />Endocardium—inner <br />
  8. 8. Heart chambers<br />right atrium <br />Left atrium<br />Right ventrical<br />Left ventrical<br />
  9. 9. Valve of heart <br />
  10. 10. The tricuspid valve regulates blood flow between the right atrium and right ventricle<br />The pulmonary valve controls blood flow from the right ventricle into the pulmonary arteries, which carry blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen<br />The mitral valve lets oxygen-rich blood from the lungs pass from the left atrium into the left ventricle<br />The aortic valve opens the way for oxygen-rich blood to pass from the left ventricle into the aorta, the body's largest artery, where it is delivered to the rest of your body<br />
  11. 11. Tricuspid valve - located between the right atrium and the right ventricle.<br />Pulmonary valve - located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.<br />Mitral valve - located between the left atrium and the left ventricle.<br />Aortic valve - located between the left ventricle and the aorta.<br />
  12. 12. heart valves function<br />When the left ventricle relaxes, the aortic valve closes and the mitral valve opens, to allow blood to flow from the left atrium into the left ventricle.<br />The left atrium contracts, allowing even more blood to flow into the left ventricle.<br />When the left ventricle contracts again, the mitral valve closes and the aortic valve opens, so blood flows into the aorta.<br />
  13. 13. Blood vessels<br />Blood vessels are intricate network of hollow tubes that transport blood throughout the body <br />
  14. 14. Types of blood vessels<br />Arteries – red blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart <br />Veins – blood vessels that caarry blood towards the heart <br />Capillaries – which links the arteries and veins.<br />
  15. 15. Arteries veins<br />Transport blood from the transport blood towards <br />Heart the heart <br />Carry oxygenated blood carry deoxygenated blood<br />Narrow lumens wide lumens <br />More elastic muscle less elastic muscles <br />
  16. 16. Transports blood under transports blood under <br />Higher pressure lower pressure <br />Do not have valves have valves to prevent <br />(except for the semi-lunar blood flowing to wrong <br />Valves of the pulmonary@ direction. to avoid return <br />And aorta ) waste material to the tissue<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Capillary functions<br />vital role in the exchange of gases, <br />nutrients, and metabolic waste products <br />between the blood and the tissue cells.<br /> Substances pass through the capillaries wall by--- <br />diffusion, filtration, and osmosis. <br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21. Types of circulation<br />Pulmonary circulation<br />Coronary circulation <br />Systemic circulation <br />
  22. 22. In pulmonary circulation<br />
  23. 23. In coronary circulation<br />
  24. 24. Coronary diseas list <br />Congestive Heart Failure<br />Coronary Artery Disease<br />Acute Myocardial Infarction<br />Hypertension<br />Cardiac Arrhythmia<br />Cardiomegaly<br />Miscellaneous Cardiovascular Diseases<br />
  25. 25. major risk factors that can't be changed<br />Increasing age <br />Gender <br />Heredity <br />
  26. 26. major risk factors you can modify, treat or control by changing your lifestyle or taking medicine<br />Tobacco smoke <br /> High blood cholestrole<br /> Physical inactivity / Obesity and overweight <br /> Diabetes mellitus <br />
  27. 27. factors contribute to heart disease risk<br />Stress<br />Too much alcohol <br />
  28. 28. Sign and symptoms <br />Chest pain or chest discomfort (angina)<br />Pain in one or both arms, the left shoulder, neck, jaw, or back<br />Shortness of breath<br />Dizziness<br />Faster heartbeats<br />Nausea (feeling sick to your stomach)<br />Abnormal heartbeats<br />Feeling very tired.<br />
  29. 29. Diagnosis of cardiovascular system <br />Chest x ray <br />Stress test <br />Tilt table test <br />Echocardiogram<br />Cardiac catheterization <br />Electrophysiological test <br />Chest scan <br />Chest MRI<br />Myocardial biopsy <br />
  30. 30. Treatment of cardiovascular system <br />Therapeutic treatment <br />Medical treatment <br />Surgical treat ment<br />
  31. 31. Measurement techniques<br />Electrocardiogram—for cardiac electrophysiology<br />Sphygmomanometer and stethoscope—for blood pressure<br />Pulse meter—for cardiac function (heart rate, rhythm, dropped beats)<br />Pulse—commonly used to determine the heart rate in absence of certain cardiac pathologies<br />Heart rate variability -- used to measure variations of time intervals between heart beats<br />Nail bed blanching test—test for perfusion<br />Vessel cannula or catheter pressure measurement—pulmonary wedge pressure or in older animal experiments.<br />
  32. 32. Thank you <br />

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