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Power Point

  1. 1. PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL IMPACT ON CARE-GIVERS Review of Literature D. Poinsett
  2. 2. THIS POWER POINT WILL EXAMINE THE PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL IMPACT BEING A CAREGIVER HAS ON THE CARE-GIVER. Psychological health of care-givers is negatively affected:  Care-givers show higher levels of depression  Both care-givers depression and perceived burden can increase depression and emotional stress  Depression can worsen with sending patient to a nursing home or institution  Have higher levels of anxiety disorders  Substance abuse and dependency
  3. 3. Care-givers have higher levels of stress and frustration  Feelings of frustration, anger, guilt, helplessness and anger  Emotionally drained and strains.  Chronic stress and decrease of cognitive skills due to stress and fatigue
  4. 4. Care-givers have feeling of loss of self  Decreased levels of self-esteem  Constant worry and feelings of uncertainty  Lower levels of self acceptance  Loss of self-identity
  5. 5. Care-giving can have an impact on physical health  Physical health is reported to get worse with being a caregiver  Report more chronic conditions then non-caregivers  Have more incidences of heartburn, headaches, aches , pains and other physical ailments  Have higher levels of obesity  Physical stress is increased with care-givers of patients who are unable to transfer themselves or care for themselves.
  6. 6. Care-givers have lower levels of their own self care  Less likely to seek medical help for their aliments  More likely to smoke and drink and consume fat and unhealthy eating habits  Poor eating habits for themselves.  Hardly any care-givers report exercising or healthy habits when caring for patient
  7. 7. What is needed to help and assist care-givers?  Support services  Education and programs to assist in knowledge of care-giving  Aide in reducing the burden of care-giving  Financial support to help those in economic stress  Primary care to address the care-givers needs
  8. 8. Future research needed in  Does sex, age and relationship to the patient affect the ability of the caregiver to:  Cope  Negative or positive effects  What areas can assist the care-giver  Nursing intervention  Social worker and support groups  Psychological or physical evaluations
  9. 9.  Do specific areas effect the care-givers psychological and physical health  Ethnicity  Culture  Age  Social resources  Coping process  Beliefs and values
  10. 10.  Due to the economy and the limited stay at hospitals and the increased cost of home and skilled nursing facilities, many families are providing care of their family members for extended periods of time.  These burdens can increase the stress and physical demands on the caregivers, which, over time, can cause mental and physical health problems  Research needs to be done to determine who is at risk and what resources or help can be provided to decrease the negative impacts of being a caregiver.

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