Metropolitan Detroit's Diverse Population - 4.12.11

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Metropolitan Detroit's Diverse Population - 4.12.11

  1. 1. Metropolitan Detroit’s Diverse Population: A Closer Look presentation for Detroit Orientation Institute Kurt Metzger Director Data Driven Detroit (D3) April 12, 2011
  2. 2. What is Data Driven Detroit (D3)?• D3 is a non-profit, founded in 2009, principally funded by The Kresge Foundation and The Skillman Foundation.• D3 supports foundation, public, non-profit, and community partners with research, analysis, and mapping/data visualization.• D3 is a member of the National Neighborhood Indicators Program (NNIP), founded by the Urban Institute.
  3. 3. Mission• Data Driven Detroit (D3) provides accessible high-quality information and analysis to drive informed decision-making that strengthen communities in Southeast Michigan. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  4. 4. Data Driven Detroit’s RolesWork with Data Support Partners• Collect and Evaluate • Share Augmented Data• Enhance • Illustrate Macro Trends• Analyze/Synthesize • Provide Neighborhood Analyses• Visualize • Inform Strategy and Prioritization (Targeting)• Democratize • Provide Project Technical Assistance • Promote Synergy and Convergence
  5. 5. (Some) Neighborhood Indicators • Population Characteristics and Trends • Health, Education, Employment • Housing Occupancy and Quality • Mortgage Lending and Housing Market Activity • Crime and Public Safety Information • Community Capacity and Institutions • Vacant Land Inventory and Land Use • Environmental Assessments • Economic Activity and Trends
  6. 6. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  7. 7. Governance Boardswww.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  8. 8. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  9. 9. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  10. 10. Detroit’s Population History2,000,000 1,849,5681,800,000 1,670,144 1,623,4521,600,000 1,568,662 1,511,4821,400,000 1,203,3391,200,000 1,027,974 993,0781,000,000 951,270 800,000 713,777 600,000 465,766 400,000 285,704 205,876 200,000 116,340 0 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: Census Bureau
  11. 11. Metropolitan Detroit MCDsCensus 2000 Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills Chesterfield New Baltimore Angelus Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Waterford Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Utica Oakland Keego Oakland Harbor Sylvan Harrison Twp Lake Mount Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Woods Center Line Novi Southfield South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Grosse Detroit Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse CanadaDetroit-Ann Arbor- Taylor Van Buren Twp Romulus Flint CMSA Wyandotte Southgate Belleville Riverview Huron Twp Woodhaven Trenton Grosse Ile Sumpter Twp Twp Area Flat Rock Gibraltar of Detail Rockwood Brownstown Twp Lake ErieWayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies March 2001
  12. 12. Growth of Detroit Suburbs Post-World War II Post-3,500,000 Tri- Tri-County Totals 3,150,147 3,092,197 1950 3,016,1973,000,000 1960 3,762,390 2,884,705 1970 4,203,743 2,840,897 1980 4,044,236 2,692,261 1990 3,912,679 2000 4,043,4672,500,000 2010 3,863,924 2,092,2462,000,000 1,849,568 1,670,144 1,511,4821,500,000 1,166,629 1,203,339 1,027,974 951,2701,000,000 713,777 500,000 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: Census Bureau
  13. 13. Development HistoryYear Builtby 5 Acre Gridcells 1920 and Earlier 1921 - 1940 1941 - 1960 1961 - 1980 1981 - 1990 1991 - 2000 2001 - 2004
  14. 14. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 64,910 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 50 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1930 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  15. 15. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 78,566 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 27 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1940 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  16. 16. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 80,150 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1950 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  17. 17. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 56,275 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 1,410 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1960 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  18. 18. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 39,582 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 405 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1970 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  19. 19. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 32,710 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 29 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1980 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  20. 20. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 16,901 5,000 - 9,999 115 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1990 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  21. 21. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 17,090 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 2000 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  22. 22. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,001 - 16,051 5,001 - 10,000 6 - 5,000 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 2010 Detroit, Michigan0 0.45 0.9 1.8 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University,Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 4/10/2011
  23. 23. Developing New DataA joint project of • Why was it necessary? – Partners needed more granular, current, and robust information – Condition and Vacancy data was of particular importance – Vacant Land survey necessary because of the rapid changes that are not captured within administrative datasetsWith the support of Detroit Residential Parcel Survey - 3/2010
  24. 24. www.DataDrivenDetroit.org
  25. 25. Population Change 2000-2010 by Census Block Blue is population growth, Red is population decline Tri-County: Macomb, Oakland, WayneSource: U.S. Census Data, Data Pointedhttp://www.datapointed.net/visualizations/maps/growth-rings/
  26. 26. Population Change 2000-2010 by Census Block Blue is population growth, Red is population decline Tri-County: Macomb, Oakland, WayneSource: U.S. Census Data, Data Pointedhttp://www.datapointed.net/visualizations/maps/growth-rings/
  27. 27. Predominant Race, 1950Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black No Data No Population Source: Minnesota Population Center. HNGIS, 2004 December 2008/jcb
  28. 28. Predominant Race, 1960Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black No Data No Population Source: Minnesota Population Center. HNGIS, 2004 December 2008/jcb
  29. 29. Predominant Race, 1970Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Source: US Census Bureau, 1970 December 2008/jcb
  30. 30. Predominant Race, 1980Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 1980 December 2008/jcb
  31. 31. Predominant Race, 1990Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 1990 December 2008/jcb
  32. 32. Predominant Race, 2000Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 2000 December 2008/jcb
  33. 33. Flint Lapeer Attica Imlay Mussey Emmett Burton Davison ElbaFlint Lapeer Riley Wales Almont Berlin St. Clair Grand County Dryden County Blanc Genesee Hadley Metamora Atlas County Memphis Grand Memphis BlancMundy Richmond Columbus Armada Addison BruceFenton Brandon Oxford Holly Groveland RichmondFenton Richmond FentonFenton Lenox Casco Washington Ray Orion Oakland Independence Rose Springfield Village of ClarkstonTyrone Ira Macomb New Lake Angelus Auburn Rochester County Chesterfield Baltimore Hills Macomb Waterford Shelby White Oakland Rochester Pontiac Hills Highland Lake County Sylvan Utica Hartland Lake Mt Clemens Keego Clay Harbor Harrison Orchard Sterling Clinton Bloomfield Troy Commerce Lake Heights Hills Milford WestBrighton Bloomfield Bloomfield Birmingham Walled Fraser Clawson Lake Southfield Warren Roseville Wixom Royal Madison Farmington Lathrup Oak Heights Berkley St ClairLivingston Novi Hills Village Shores Center County Lyon Pleasant Line Southfield Green Oak Ridge Hazel Eastpointe The Village of Oak South Novi Farmington Park Ferndale Park Grosse Pointe Lyon Shores, a M Northville Grosse Northville Pointe Woods Northville Highland Grosse Park Pointe Livonia Redford Hamtramck Salem FarmsNorthfield Detroit Plymouth Plymouth Dearborn Ann Heights Arbor Garden City Dearborn Ann CantonArbor Superior Westland Inkster Wayne Melvindale River Wayne County Rouge Allen Washtenaw Predominant Race, Park Ecorse County Van Buren Lincoln Ypsilanti by 2010 Census Tracts Taylor Park Romulus Wyandotte Pittsfield Ypsilanti Southgate Belleville PredominantRace Detroit Riverview Black County Brownstown Hispanic Municipality Trenton White No Population Huron Woodhaven York Augusta Sumpter Grosse No Predominant Race Ile Flat Rock Gibraltar Milan 0 2 4 8 Milan Rockwood Miles Monroe Ash Exeter Milan London County Berlin Dundee Raisinville Frenchtown
  34. 34. Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke 39 75 10 94 Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Highland Park ottt o ot atttiio a io tio Grra 10 Gra Grr Gr G Gr Grra Grra Gra and and n nd nd R dRRiv Riiiv Riv Hamtramck ve r verr e er er e Wo Wo Wo Woo Wo Wo ood ood oo d od odw dwa 96 75 wa 94 warr wa wa ard rrd rrd rdd d 96 39 10 75 e e Isl 94 96 75 Bell 375 Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan 75 tR iver De troi Predominant Race by Census Tract White Black Source: US Census Bureau, 1950 Predominant Race by 1950 CensusTract 75 Detroit, Michigan 2001 Wayne State University CULMA/Center for Urban Studies/jcb
  35. 35. Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke 39 75 10 94 Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Highland Park ottt o ot atttiio a io tio Grra 10 Gra Grr Gr G Gr Grra Grra Gra and and n nd nd R dRRiv Riiiv Riv Hamtramck ve r verr e er er e Wo Wo Wo Woo Wo Wo ood ood oo d od odw dwa 96 75 wa 94 warr wa wa ard rrd rrd rdd d 96 39 10 75 e e Isl 94 96 75 Bell 375 Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan 75 tR iver De troi Predominant Race by Census Tract Hispanic Black White Predominant Race by No Population No Predominant Race 75 2000 Census Tract Source: US Census Bureau 2000 Detroit, Michigan 2001 Wayne State University CULMA/Center for Urban Studies/jcb

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