601 Session5-Encyclopedias


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Spring 2013
Dr. Diane Nahl
LIS 601 Introduction to Reference and Information Services
University of Hawaii
Library and Information Science Program

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601 Session5-Encyclopedias

  1. 1. LIS 601 Search Strategy Principles & Tactics Encyclopedias Spring 2013 Dr. Diane NahlLIS 601 Introduction to Reference and Information Services University of Hawaii Library and Information Science Program
  2. 2. SW 1B Check: Review Your Search ResultsIf needed add typed notes on your Google Doc,include the five elements below:1.Search strategy is included for each search (SearchHistory).2.Circled or highlighted database name.3.Circled or highlighted your search terms in therecord.4.Marked other CV and NL in the record you could useto improve the search.5.Evaluated the relevance of the item to the query: 1. On Target, Peripheral, or Off Topic 2. Explain your rating and explain any 0 results Nahl LIS 601 2013 2
  3. 3. Successive Fractions Strategy 1. Book review of The Cult of Information by Theodore Roszak. Ebsco Academic Search Premier 9/2012 Search Terms ItemsCULT (Default is Select a Field: Title,Author, Subject Terms, author-supplied 30,787Keywords, Institution Name, Abstract)CULT and INFORMATION 2,259CULT and INFORMATION and ROSZAK 7CULT and INFORMATION and ROSZAK 0(Select a Field/AU Author)LIS 601 2013 Nahl 3
  4. 4. When to Reduce the Set? 2. Criticism of Kate Chopin’s The Awakening. ProQuest MLA Intl. Bibliography 9/2012 Search Statement Terms ItemsAWAKENING (ALL: NL + CV) 935AWAKENING and CHOPIN 422(ALL: NL + CV)AWAKENING and KATE and CHOPIN 420(ALL: NL + CV)AWAKENING and KATE and CHOPIN’S 167(ALL: NL + CV) Nahl LIS 601 2013 4
  5. 5. How to Define the Set? 2. Criticism of Kate Chopin’s The Awakening. ProQuest MLA Intl. Bibliography 9/2012 Search Statement Terms ItemsCHOPIN, KATE (Subject Heading: 744MLASU)CHOPIN, KATE (AU) 0 Nahl LIS 601 2013 5
  6. 6. How to Focus the Set 3. Article on “parents participating in the classroom.” ProQuest ERIC 9/2012 Search Statement Terms ItemsPARENT PARTICIPATION (ALL =NL + CV) 22,884(treats terms as a phrase & singly with stemming)PARENT PARTICIPATION 17,804(ESU Subject/CV)PARENT PARTICIPATION (ESU/CV) and 5,196 (NL)CLASSROOM (ALL NL/CV; ESU/CV) 699 (CV)PARENTS and PARTICIPATING and 615CLASSROOM (ALL NL/CV) Nahl LIS 601 2013 6
  7. 7. How to Focus the Set4. “Scientific study of people who feel bad when the weather changes.” APA PsycInfo or PsycNet 9/2012 Search Statement Terms Items(EMOTIONAL STATES) Index Terms 26,831(EMOTIONAL STATES) Index Terms and(WEATHER) Any Field 50(SEASONAL AFFECTIVE DISORDER)Index Terms [864] and 80(TREATMENT) Index Terms [133,321] Nahl LIS 601 2013 7
  8. 8. Which is the Best Set? 5. Performance consulting & human performance technology ProQuest ABI/Inform Global 9/2012"human performance technology" [624]AND "performance consulting" [563] 90(All Fields + Text)(SU) HUMAN PERFORMANCE [689] AND 50"performance consulting" [563]HPT 15,831"performance consulting" AND HPT 59 Nahl LIS 601 2013 8
  9. 9. How to Focus the Set with CV 6. Chronic fatigue Ebsco CINAHL 9/2012CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME 1707[Select a Field CV & KW/NL]CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME and(THERAPY or TREATMENT) 801[Select a Field CV & KW/NL]MM FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC[1162] and MW TREATMENT [94,523] 89MH FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC[1572] and MW TREATMENT 103 Nahl LIS 601 2013 9
  10. 10. Which is the Best Set? Divorce Mediators PsycInfo on PsycNet 9/2012DIVORCE [CV=Index Terms] 6875MEDIATION 4201DIVORCE and MEDIATION 430[CV=Index Terms]DIVORCE and MEDIATORS 247[Default: Any field]DIVORCE and MEDIATORS and ROLE [Default: Any field] 43 Nahl LIS 601 2013 10
  11. 11. Earliest Encyclopedic Work 37 volumes, indexed, categorized with cross- referenced excerpts and annotations“Hail to thee, Nature, thouparent of all things! and dothou deign to show thy favourunto me, who, alone of all thecitizens of Rome, have, in thyevery department, thus madeknown thy praise.” Nahl LIS 601 2013 11
  12. 12. Historic Encyclopedias Enkyklios paideia 77-79 Pliny the Elder’s Naturalis Historia 1451 printing press invented 1368-1644 Ming Dynasty Yung Lo Encyclopedia (Yongle) Conceptual organization (collocation) 1701 alphabetical order 1751-80 Denis Diderot’s L’Encyclopédie 1768-1771 Encyclopaedia Britannica 1829 Encyclopedia Americana Mid-1980s-1990s electronic encyclopedias Nahl LIS 601 2013 12
  13. 13. A Few Online Encyclopedias Encyclopedia Americana Online Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia Encyclopaedia Britannica Online 1994 Britannica Mobile 2012 http://corporate.britannica.com/apps/ World Book Online World Book Discover 2008 [K-12 easy-read articles] Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan Grove Music Online Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science 3rd Ed. 2009 Nahl LIS 601 2013 13
  14. 14. Online Community Encyclopedias Wikipedia (2001-)  Founder Jimmy Wales  Open source model, online community 500k+  17.5 million entries; 400 million users per month;14+k searches per second, 6th largest online site  Anonymous entries; no experts allowed  Many languages Wikipedia Alexandria Conference 2008  650 Wikipedians attended  Inclusionists vs. Exclusionists WikiAnswers is not aNahl LIS 601 of Wikipedia service 2013 14 http://wiki.answers.com/
  15. 15. Wikipedian in Residence at OCLC Max Klein, BA Mathematics, UC Berkeley Working with OCLC staff and libraries to help foster a broader understanding of Wikipedias practices, and launching an inquiry into what technological integration is possible … While a student, he lead and facilitated a student-run course on the Politics of Piracy which incorporated editing on Wikipedia. Webinar and slides available: http://oclc.org/research/news/2012/08-31.html 2011 survey: http://blog.wikimedia.org/2011/06/10/wikipedia-editors-do-it-for-fun-first-results-of-our-2011-editor-survey/ Nahl LIS 601 2013 15
  16. 16. Wikipedia Evaluation Criteria1. Does the content reflect an accurate summary of the cited material?2. How reputable are the cited sources?3. What information in the cited sources, if any, is not reflected in the entry?4. What are the cited authors’ credentials?5. What biases, if any, does the article reflect?6. What other sources, if any, does the entry ignore that are important to the arguments in the entry? Nahl LIS 601 2013 16
  17. 17. Online Community Encyclopedias Citizendium (2006-11)  Founder Larry Sanger  Open source model, online community  Signed, user-generated, authoritative entries Knol (2008-12)  Google  Defined as “a unit of knowledge”  Signed, user-generated entries  May 12, 2012 site moved to Annotum  “based on WordPress … allows you to continue authoring and publishing scholarly articles.” Nahl LIS 601 2013 17
  18. 18. Evaluating Encyclopedias [text p. 341] Scope  Audience Quality of content  Format Authority  Cost Accuracy  Objectivity Currency  Illustrations Ease of Use  Index Arrangement  Bibliographies Nahl LIS 601 2013 18
  19. 19. Problems with Encyclopedias1. Leaving out important entries2. Shortening or leaving out important information3. Objectivity without interpretation4. Over-emphasizing certain topics5. Obscure or missing index entries6. Factual errors Nahl LIS 601 2013 19
  20. 20. Search Work 2: Encyclopedias1. Search Work pp. 13-142. Do concept analysis to select search terms.3. Match search topic to sources.4. Use the 601 Bibliography Encyclopedias pp. 6-8 to select sources.5. You may also browse reference shelves to select sources. Nahl LIS 601 2013 20
  21. 21. Due Next Week Pathfinder on your LibGuide Taylor article: PDF online link on syllabus Kleugel & Ross article, pp. 37-39 only: online link on syllabus TEXT CHAPTERS 2 & 14 Handouts pp. 16-19 Reference Interview Assignments pp. 7-10 Reference Interactions Nahl LIS 601 2013 21