INTRODUCTION TO OPEN FLOOR PLAN (OFPD/X)
University of Aachen
Open Geospatial Consortium, Technical and Planning Committee Meeting, 3DIM DWG, 16 June 2010
Deborah L. MacPherson CSI CCS, Specifications and Research, Cannon Design, Omniclass, OFPD/X, NBIMS
Representing Carnegie Mellon University Silicon Valley, Disaster Management Initiative
Overview of Building Classification Systems
VA BIM Guide and
Simple Geometry with Basic Semantic Support
OSHA Evacuation Diagram and HazMat Symbols
Creative Commons SVG Fire Symbol
Sample Screen Shot
Different Architecture, Different Specifications,
Similar Data, Similar Communication Needs
Advance a standard open floor plan
format for EM within OASIS
Create and NBIMS IDM (National
Building Information Standard,
Information Delivery Manual)
Work towards OGC testing
Contact: Steve Ray @ CMU SV
Relevant OGC Standards
CityGML, SensorML, IndoorML
Geographic Objects Interface
Standard (GOS), Filter
Encoding Standard (FES),
Styled Layer Descriptor,
Planning Service Interface
Standard (SPS), OpenLS
Using BIM for Indoor Navigation and Routing
3D circulation rules are
implemented as a route graph
that defines all paths within the
building going through space that
can be used for through
circulation. Distances traversed,
the types and security of spaces
in the traversal path, and other
conditions can be used to define
allowable and illegal circulation
paths. On a 6-story courthouse,
27,000 routes were tested using
312 circulation rules in
Jae min Lee
Jin Kook Lee
Examples showing how
Solibri calculates egress
routes from a building.
Provided by Jonathan Widney
All egress routes for
a building, and the
Control panel where
the user defines how
the egress and
Spatial Congnition: Automomous Wheelchair
Provided by John Bateman, OntoSpace
OGC Specification versus Interoperability Process
1. Although the work is justified, clear articulation is missing.
2. Relationship to other research and development efforts needs more
explanation - particularly tracking and locator studies.
3. Differentiation from other work is missing. What unique contribution will
the project add to the existing body of knowledge?
4. The study design is too open ended, not tied to specific deliverables yet.
5. More definition is needed on the technical approach. How will goals be
accomplished? What methods and strategies will be used for data
collection, analysis, etc.?
6. Institutional commitment from stakeholders needs to be more obvious
both vertically and horizontally.
7. The means for collaboration needs to be explained to research and
development communities, hardware/software vendors, and end users.
1. Identify Owners who could benefit from the use of an open format to
exchange open floor plans and all the semantic information that can be
packed into their XML schemas.
2. Identify which OGC standards can be used, focusing on CityGML and
others in the handout.
3. Closely examine these OGC standards with contract documents and
maintenance agreements about sensors and certain properties of building
materials using the new Omniclass Table 49 Properties and 11-14 Facility
and Space types to add structure.
4. Look at OASIS, W3, ISO standards and functional open data models to
identify what can be used already versus the missing pieces that need to be
worked on by bSa (standard colors, basic wall types, essential property sets).
5. Sign project specific MOUs with bSa, OASIS EM TC, IFD, NIEM and
associated international efforts, Insurance Associations, NEMA, CSI, AIA,
NIBS, and A/Es in the Large Firm Round Table like Cannon Design.
10 Steps (Continued)
6. Work with the bSa Open Floor Plan project committee on a standard
hierarchy for buildings and Information Delivery Manual (IDM) using cross
references in the Veterans Administration (VA) BIM Guide. Look at the
Spatial Program Validation and other Model View Definitions
(MVDs). Collaborate with original IDM and MVD authors to ensure the
components and relationships will work backwards and forewards.
7. Consolidate what has been accomplished so far and write out again more
clearly - what Owners needs are, what is in place already versus bridges that
need to be built, and a strategy to partner with vendors and developers.
8. Talk with US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) about
what needs to be certified; and Google regarding Scalable Vector Graphics
(SVG) and Building Maker in 3D Warehouse.
9. Submit a proposal to OGC members that can benefit from a unified effort.
10. Hold an OGC testbed with the range of vendors and services that need to
be involved. Work the results into proper form for open exchange models.