All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 112.06.2014
Task 3.4
Overview and Aims
Steffen Hennicke (UBER)
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 212.06.2014
DOW on Task 3.4
•
Research Questions
(1)“What are the 'functional primitives' of the d...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 312.06.2014
Scope of Task 3.4
• Principle Scope
– The digital humanist as a user of digital resear...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 412.06.2014
Scholarly Domain Model
• Principle Approach
– start from a top-down and humanistic per...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 512.06.2014
Scholarly Domain Model
“→ Intermediary Research Report on DH Scholarly Primitives (MS3...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 612.06.2014
What has been done?
• Scholarly Domain Model (SDM)
– provided input to initial specifi...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 712.06.2014
What are we working on this year?
(1) Reasoning
•
What do humanists make of the triple...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 812.06.2014
What kinds of 'Reasoning'?
• Semantic Web reasoning or human(ist)
reasoning?
– automat...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 912.06.2014
Reasoning and Pundit / ASK
• How do humanist reason with the triple data they
created ...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1012.06.2014
Experiments with Pundit
• Use Case “Educational History”
– Georg-Eckert-Institut (GEI...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1112.06.2014
Experiments with Pundit
• Set-Up
– Preparation Phase with Teachers / Participants
• H...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1212.06.2014
Revision of the SDM
• Explicit RDF representation of the SDM
– means to revise the SD...
All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1312.06.2014
References
• [WM05] McCarty, W. (2005). Humanities computing.
Basingstoke: Palgrave M...
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DM2E Project meeting Bergen: WP3 Report on Task 3.4 (Steffen Hennicke)

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DM2E Project meeting Bergen: WP3 Report on Task 3.4 (Steffen Hennicke)

  1. 1. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 112.06.2014 Task 3.4 Overview and Aims Steffen Hennicke (UBER)
  2. 2. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 212.06.2014 DOW on Task 3.4 • Research Questions (1)“What are the 'functional primitives' of the digital humanities?” (2)“What kinds of 'reasoning' do digital humanists want to see enabled by the data and information available [and currently not available] in Europeana?” (3)“Which types of operations do digital humanists expect to apply to Europeana data?” • Participants • UBER, ONB, MPIWG, UIB • Deliverable – Research Report on Scholarly Primitives in M36
  3. 3. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 312.06.2014 Scope of Task 3.4 • Principle Scope – The digital humanist as a user of digital research tools in a Linked Data environment. • Observation – too exclusive focus on content and infrastructure (e.g. Europeana or DARIAH) – too often the starting point is what is there (tools) taxonomies on DH→ methods • Principle Aims – What does the humanist want to do with the digital tools? – shift attention to conceptual issues of humanities in the digital realm – initiate and encourage more reflection on humanities' methods in the digital realm
  4. 4. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 412.06.2014 Scholarly Domain Model • Principle Approach – start from a top-down and humanistic perspective – as a supplement for other approaches – John Unsworth (2000) [JU00] “Scholarly Primitives” • Scholarly Domain Model – map of the generic humanistic research process • primitives of scholarly work – pragmatic “living-model” as a framework for discussions on the humanities and the digital
  5. 5. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 512.06.2014 Scholarly Domain Model “→ Intermediary Research Report on DH Scholarly Primitives (MS3)”
  6. 6. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 612.06.2014 What has been done? • Scholarly Domain Model (SDM) – provided input to initial specification of Pundit – last presented at DH2013 – paper submitted to Literary and Linguistic Computing (LLC) (currently under review) • Digital Humanists Advisory Board (DHAB) meetings – input to SDM • SDM extended by “Scholarly Activities” – specialize the Scholarly Primitives – principle “types of operations” (e.g. selection, citation etc.) – interviews with experts in collaboration with BWG • Questionnaire on Primitives/Activities – Wittgenstein Incubator (Task 1.4)
  7. 7. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 712.06.2014 What are we working on this year? (1) Reasoning • What do humanists make of the triples? • focus on Pundit / ASK (2) Experiments with Pundit • bottom-up approach and practical perspective • input on reasoning • input on “types of operations” (3) Revision of the SDM • RDF representation of the SDM
  8. 8. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 812.06.2014 What kinds of 'Reasoning'? • Semantic Web reasoning or human(ist) reasoning? – automated-reasoning tools have limitations for humanities scholars [AZ09] • require in-depth understanding of mathematical logics • humanities deal with “vague, ambiguous, or even contradictory” information – in between “light-weight reasoning”? • humanists' reasoning with triples • using ASK and other visual aids
  9. 9. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 912.06.2014 Reasoning and Pundit / ASK • How do humanist reason with the triple data they created in Pundit? – How do they understand the triples? – How do they filter the triples? – Which kinds of conclusions do they draw? – What does trust, agreement or disagreement mean in this context? • The application of the Timeline or of Edgemap visualisation already is reasoning: – Which temporal sequences and semantic paths are relevant for certain research questions?
  10. 10. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1012.06.2014 Experiments with Pundit • Use Case “Educational History” – Georg-Eckert-Institut (GEI) – two trained historians (research assistants) – collaboration on shared research topic – cooperation with “The World Of Children” (the whole project is devoted to our principle topic) • Use Case “Digital Photos as Historical Sources” – History Department of HUB – seminar with history students on historical critique of digital sources • Use Case “Digital Editorial Science” – Berlin-Brandenburgisches Akademie der Wissenschaften (BBAW) and Fachhochschule Potsdam (FHP) – three students working on devising and applying editorial guidelines
  11. 11. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1112.06.2014 Experiments with Pundit • Set-Up – Preparation Phase with Teachers / Participants • How do relevant and genuine research questions translate into the context of Linked Data and Pundit? • What does “comparing” or “selection” mean to certain user groups in the context of specific research tasks? • Which classes and properties do we need to enable certain “types of operations”? • Which inferences (reasoning) do students need to draw in order to answer the research questions? – Introductory Workshop and Homework • Students work with Pundit (Bookmarklet) and ASK – Closing Workshop • Which inferences do students draw from the data in Pundit / ASK?
  12. 12. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1212.06.2014 Revision of the SDM • Explicit RDF representation of the SDM – means to revise the SDM – explicit representation of “types of operations” • comparing or selection as RDF templates – exercise in building bridges: making the model explicit and usable for applications – starting point for future developments and implementation • SDM as a tool for monitoring activities in Pundit – Lives at: http://webprotege.stanford.edu/ • Finalizing “Scholarly Activities” (evaluation of interviews) • put SDM in context with similar current efforts – e.g. DARIAH, Arts-Humanities, EuropeanaCloud
  13. 13. All-WP-Meeting-5 – T3.4 1312.06.2014 References • [WM05] McCarty, W. (2005). Humanities computing. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. • [JU00] Unsworth, J. (2000). Scholarly Primitives: what methods do humanities researchers have in common, and how might our tools reflect this? Symposium on Humanities Computing formal methods experimental practice. Retrieved from http://people.brandeis.edu/~unsworth/Kings.5- 00/primitives.html (03.02.2014) • [AZ09] Zöllner-Weber, A. (2009). Ontologies and Logic Reasoning as Tools in Humanities? Digital Humanities Quarterly, 3(4).

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