Beyond Infrastructure!                                Further Modelling the                              Scholarly Researc...
OverviewWill cover:  An Introduction to DM2E  The Scholarly Domain Model  What next?  Pundit (Demo)Will not cover:  Intro ...
Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig,...
Digitised Manuscripts toEuropeana (DM2E): Who (1)?Content Providers   European Association for Jewish Culture (Judaica)   ...
Digitised Manuscripts toEuropeana (DM2E): Who (2)?  Digital Humanities Community     Dr. Tobias Blanke (Kings College, Lon...
Digitised Manuscripts toEuropeana (DM2E): What?WP1: Provide substantial amounts of digital content toEuropeana with a focu...
WP3: Digital Humanities Requirementsand Related Engineering - ContextGoal: lower the barriers for digital content curation...
Expected WP3 Results Prototype platform enabling digital scholarship in combining EDM RDF metadata, digital surrogates and...
An example: De arte venandi cum avibus                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digi...
De Arte Venandi … (1)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi … (2)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi … (3)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi … Subgraph 1                               Linked Medieval Data      Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Hu...
De Arte Venandi … (4)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi … (5)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi … Subgraphs1+2                              Linked Medieval Data     Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Hu...
De Arte Venandi … (6)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi … (6)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi … (6)                             Linked Medieval Data    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Se...
De Arte Venandi …done right                            Linked Medieval Data   Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanitie...
De Arte Venandi …theres more!                            Linked Medieval Data   Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanit...
De Arte Venandi …theres more (2)!                            Linked Medieval Data   Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Hum...
De Arte Venandi …theres more (3)!                            Linked Medieval Data   Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Hum...
The Scholarly Domain ModelBeyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital H...
Cyberinfrastructure:Atkins Report (2003)“Mother of all infrastructure layer cakes” impacted   “Our Cultural Commonwealth”,...
Why Beyond Infrastructure?We want to move beyond emulation mode …… beyond pages and links“Research infrastructure is not r...
Scholarly Primitivesand DynamicsUnsworth (2000)   discovering, annotating, comparing, referring,   sampling, illustrating,...
The Glue: RDF / RDFSTyped statements on web resources (triples) and howthey relate to each other, e. g.+ RDF Schema (RDFS)...
The Scholarly Domain ...… from 10.000 feet above    Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain    Prof. ...
Input Area Details    Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital H...
+ Output    Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities ...
+ Metadata   Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain   Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities ...
+ Social Context    Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain    Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Hum...
Zoom on Research   Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain   Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Human...
What Next?Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Semina...
Roadmapa) Identify the intended functional extension of the 1st   Pundit & Korbo versionsb) Stabilise scholarly domain mod...
Scaling up and CooperationsScaling up will be part of my Excellency Cluster basicproject as part of “Bild - Wissen - Gesta...
Pundit:                                    DemoBeyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefa...
Bibliography (1)Anderson, Sheila; Blanke, Tobias; Dunn, Stuart (2010): Methodologicalcommons: arts and humanities e-Scienc...
Bibliography (2)Borgman, C. L. (2007). Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information,Infrastructure and the Internet. Cambri...
Bibliography (3)Gradmann, S., & Meister, J. C. (2008). Digital document andinterpretation: re-thinking “text” and scholars...
Bibliography (4)schraefel, m. c. (2007). What is an Analogue for the Semantic Web andWhy is Having One Important? Manchest...
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Beyond Infrastructure - Stefan Gradmann (Leipzig Digital Humanities Seminar, 7th November 2012)

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Beyond Infrastructure - Stefan Gradmann (Leipzig Digital Humanities Seminar, 7th November 2012)

  1. 1. Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modelling the Scholarly Research and Collaboration DomainTobias Blanke (UK), Sally Chambers (Germany), Alastair Dunning (Netherlands),Stefan Gradmann (Germany), Jonathan Gray (UK), Steffen Hennicke (Germany),Gerhard Lauer (Germany), Christian Morbidoni (Italy), Alois Pichler (Norway),Jürgen Renn (Germany), Laurent Romary (Germany), Felix Sasaki (Germany),Susan Schreibman (Ireland), Claire Warwick (UK)Prof. Dr. Stefan GradmannHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin / IBIstefan.gradmann@ibi.hu-berlin.de 1
  2. 2. OverviewWill cover: An Introduction to DM2E The Scholarly Domain Model What next? Pundit (Demo)Will not cover: Intro to RDF/S Intro to Europeana and the EDM Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 2
  3. 3. Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 3
  4. 4. Digitised Manuscripts toEuropeana (DM2E): Who (1)?Content Providers European Association for Jewish Culture (Judaica) Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte (ECHO) Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (Google) Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (Kalliope) University of Bergen (Wittgenstein) CNRS ITEM (Nietzsche) National Library of Israel (Judaica) Berlin Brandenburgische Akademie (German Text Archive) Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Polytechnisches Journal)Technology Providers ExLibris (Aleph, MARC sources management) Universität Mannheim / Freie Universität Berlin (LoD2, D2R, SILK) Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte (ECHO) Net7 S.r.l. (Muruca/Pundit) National Technical University of Athens (MINT) Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 4
  5. 5. Digitised Manuscripts toEuropeana (DM2E): Who (2)? Digital Humanities Community Dr. Tobias Blanke (Kings College, London) Sally Chambers (The European Library / DARIAH-D) Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann (HUB) Prof. Dr. Gerhard Lauer (Göttingen University) Dr. Alois Pichler (UIB) Dr. Jürgen Renn (MPIWG) Dr. Laurent Romary (HUB) Prof. Dr. Susan Schreibman (Trinity College Dublin) Dr. Claire Warwick (University College, London) Community Building Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN) Coordination, Management & Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (HUB) TEL / Europeana Foundation (Europeana Research) Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 5
  6. 6. Digitised Manuscripts toEuropeana (DM2E): What?WP1: Provide substantial amounts of digital content toEuropeana with a focus on digitised manuscriptsWP2: Integrate existing technical building blocks from Europeana development as well as from generic LoD oriented development into a generic production chain for migrating data from various sources to the EDM as well as for the contextualisation of the object representations.WP3: Explore usage scenarios of EDM metadata togetherwith object data in a specialised RDF graph based platformfor humanities research making available specialisedvisualisation and reasoning environments. Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 6
  7. 7. WP3: Digital Humanities Requirementsand Related Engineering - ContextGoal: lower the barriers for digital content curation byproviding an integrated, flexible, semantic based environmenttargeted to digital humanities scholars Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 7
  8. 8. Expected WP3 Results Prototype platform enabling digital scholarship in combining EDM RDF metadata, digital surrogates and Linked Data ... … building on an ontological representation of scholarly work based on a common understanding of its constituents ... resulting in a increasingly complex social semantic scholarly graph containing RDF statements such as VersionA – isSuccessorOf – VersionB Statement1 – contradicts - Statement2 ScribeY – copiedFrom – ScribeZ … and which could feed back richly contextualised EDM to Europeana! Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 8
  9. 9. An example: De arte venandi cum avibus Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 9
  10. 10. De Arte Venandi … (1) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 10
  11. 11. De Arte Venandi … (2) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 11
  12. 12. De Arte Venandi … (3) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 12
  13. 13. De Arte Venandi … Subgraph 1 Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 13
  14. 14. De Arte Venandi … (4) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 14
  15. 15. De Arte Venandi … (5) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 15
  16. 16. De Arte Venandi … Subgraphs1+2 Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 16
  17. 17. De Arte Venandi … (6) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 17
  18. 18. De Arte Venandi … (6) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 18
  19. 19. De Arte Venandi … (6) Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 19
  20. 20. De Arte Venandi …done right Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 20
  21. 21. De Arte Venandi …theres more! Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 21
  22. 22. De Arte Venandi …theres more (2)! Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 22
  23. 23. De Arte Venandi …theres more (3)! Linked Medieval Data Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 23
  24. 24. The Scholarly Domain ModelBeyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 24
  25. 25. Cyberinfrastructure:Atkins Report (2003)“Mother of all infrastructure layer cakes” impacted “Our Cultural Commonwealth”, e-Science (UK), TextGrid, DARIAH With Isidore, Europeana and others being more content oriented and LoD based Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 25
  26. 26. Why Beyond Infrastructure?We want to move beyond emulation mode …… beyond pages and links“Research infrastructure is not research just asroads are not economic activity. We tend to forgetwhen confronted by large infrastructure projects thatthey are not an end in themselves. [...] Infrastructureprojects can become ends in themselves bydeveloping into an industry that promotes continuedinvestment. To sustain infrastructure there develops aclass of people whose jobs are tied to infrastructureinvestment.” Rockwell (2010)→ how can we better understand and modelprimary research activities in order to re-implement them more thoroughly? Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 26
  27. 27. Scholarly Primitivesand DynamicsUnsworth (2000) discovering, annotating, comparing, referring, sampling, illustrating, representing as the basis for tool-building enterprises for the Digital HumanitiesPalmer et al. (2009)(“scholarly information activities”) searching, collecting, reading, writing, collaborating… Blanke & Hedges (2011), Bamboo (2010), McCartyet. al. (2002) Anderson et al. (2010) ...Bernardou et al. (2010) CRM activity and event based process model connecting research activities with information objects and propositions, i.e. including argumentation structures Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 27
  28. 28. The Glue: RDF / RDFSTyped statements on web resources (triples) and howthey relate to each other, e. g.+ RDF Schema (RDFS) language with constructors forsub- and superclasses and -properties including theconcept of inheritance→ simple, deterministic logical operations on tripleaggregations (“reasoning”) Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 28
  29. 29. The Scholarly Domain ...… from 10.000 feet above Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 29
  30. 30. Input Area Details Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 30
  31. 31. + Output Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 31
  32. 32. + Metadata Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 32
  33. 33. + Social Context Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 33
  34. 34. Zoom on Research Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 34
  35. 35. What Next?Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 35
  36. 36. Roadmapa) Identify the intended functional extension of the 1st Pundit & Korbo versionsb) Stabilise scholarly domain modelc) Identify additional specialisations of primitivesd) Formalise, ontologically model such specialisationse) Populate the platform with Wittgensteins Brown Book and related materialf) Have ~10 scholars work in that environmentg) Analyse and model the resulting scholarly semantic graphh) Iterate at least once from d) (or even c)!)i) Report at DH 2013 Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 36
  37. 37. Scaling up and CooperationsScaling up will be part of my Excellency Cluster basicproject as part of “Bild - Wissen - Gestaltung”Go further into modeling complex argumentationbuilding on Doerr & al. (2011)Try to build co-operation with ResearchSpace (British Museum, Yale University, Ontotext) Vérifiction (Mondeca, Paris X/Tactic, MSH Paris Nord, Université de Montréal) Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 37
  38. 38. Pundit: DemoBeyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly DomainProf. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 38
  39. 39. Bibliography (1)Anderson, Sheila; Blanke, Tobias; Dunn, Stuart (2010): Methodologicalcommons: arts and humanities e-Science fundamentals. In:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physicaland Engineering Sciences 368 (1925), S. 3779–3796.Atkins, Daniel. E., et al. (2003) Revolutionizing Science and EngineeringThrough Cyberinfrastructure. Report of the National Science FoundationBlue-Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure.= http://www.nsf.gov/od/oci/reports/atkins.pdfBamboo (2010): Project Bamboo Scholarly Practice Report.= http://www.projectbamboo.org/wp-content/uploads/Project-Bamboo-Scholarly-Practices-Report.pdfBenardou, Agiatis; Constantopoulos, Panos; Dallas, Costis; Gavrilis,Dimitris (2010): A Conceptual Model for Scholarly Research Activity.IConference 2010. = https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/handle/2142/14945Blanke, T., & Hedges, M. (2011). Scholarly primitives: Buildinginstitutional infrastructure for humanities e-Science. Future GenerationComputer Systems. doi:10.1016/j.future.2011.06.006 Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 39
  40. 40. Bibliography (2)Borgman, C. L. (2007). Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information,Infrastructure and the Internet. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.Brockman, William S.; Neumann, Laura; Palmer, Carole L.; Tidline,Tonyia J. (2001): Scholarly Work in the Humanities and the EvolvingInformation Environment. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library andInformation Resources.Bush, Vannever. ‘As We May Think’. Atlantic Magazine (July 1945). =http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1945/07/as-we-may-think/303881/.Dörk, Marian; Carpendale, Sheelagh; Williamson, Carey (2011):Visualizing explicit and implicit relations of complex information spaces.Information Visualization 2012 11: 5. DOI: 10.1177/1473871611425872Doerr, M., Kritsotaki, A., & Boutsika, K. (2011). Factual argumentation—a core model for assertions making. Journal on Computing and CulturalHeritage, 3(3), 1–34. doi:10.1145/1921614.1921615Gradmann, S. (2010). Knowledge = Information in Context : on theImportance of Semantic Contextualisation in Europeana.= http://www.scribd.com/doc/32110457/Europeana-White-Paper-1 Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 40
  41. 41. Bibliography (3)Gradmann, S., & Meister, J. C. (2008). Digital document andinterpretation: re-thinking “text” and scholarship in electronic settings.Poiesis Praxis, 5(2), 139–153. doi:10.1007/s10202-007-0042-yJohannessen, Harald (2011): Debatt og argumentasjon: En innføring.Oslo: Spartacus and Scandinavian Academic PressMcCarty, Willard; Short, Harold (2002): Mapping the Field. Report ofALLC meeting held in Pisa, April 2002. = http://www.allc.org/node/188Palmer, C. L. (2000). Configuring Digital Research Collections aroundScholarly Work. Paper presented at Digital Library Federation Forum,November 19, Chicago, Illinois.Palmer, C., Teffeau, L., & Pirmann, C. (2009). Scholarly InformationPractices in the Online Environment: Themes from the Literature andImplications for Library Service Development. Report. Development.= http://www.oclc.org/resources/research/publications/library/2009/2009-02.pdfRockwell, G. (2010, May 14). As Transparent as Infrastructure: On theresearch of cyberinfrastructure in the humanities.= http://cnx.org/content/m34315/1.2/ Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 41
  42. 42. Bibliography (4)schraefel, m. c. (2007). What is an Analogue for the Semantic Web andWhy is Having One Important? Manchester: ACM Hypertext 2007.= http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/264274/1/schraefelSWAnalogueHT07pre.pdfUnsworth, J. (2000). Scholarly Primitives: what methods do humanitiesresearchers have in common, and how might our tools reflect this?Symposium on Humanities Computing formal methods experimentalpractice. = http://www3.isrl.illinois.edu/~unsworth/Kings.5-00/primitives.htmlUnsworth, J., et al. (2006).Our Cultural Commonwealth. Report of theAmerican Council of Learned Societies Commission onCyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences.= http://www.acls.org/cyberinfrastructure/cyber.htmUnsworth, John; Tupman, Charlotte (2011): Interview with JohnUnsworth, April 2011, carried out and transcribed by Charlotte Tupman.In: Marilyn Deegan und Willard McCarty (Hg.): Collaborative research inthe digital humanities. Farnham: Ashgate, S. 231–239. Thank you for your patience and attention Beyond Infrastructure! Further Modeling the Scholarly Domain Prof. Dr. Stefan Gradmann, Digital Humanities Seminar Leipzig, November 7 2012 42

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