How we can envisage a researchersuccessfully browsing Wittgenstein Web contents, but why s/he also should beable to annota...
OA Wittgenstein resources 2012• (1) A substantial amount of Wittgenstein primary sources  available OA   – http://www.witt...
Adequate utilizationAdequate utilization of these resources  requires:• (4) An open RI which integrates and  interlinks th...
My plan for this presentation• (1) Scholarly scenarios for searching,  browsing and focusing  – RI: wittgensteinsource.org...
Wittgenstein Source    Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   5                 NC-SA
SwickyNotesAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   6             NC-SA
PunditAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-             NC-SA
Wittgenstein Source            research scenario• A scholar wishes to investigate Wittgenstein’s  thought about language l...
Wittgenstein Source: Searching for      ”learning of language”           Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   9                ...
Wittgenstein Source: Searchresults for ”learning of language”           Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   10                ...
Wittgenstein Source: Focusing on a specificpassage, containing ”learning of language”              Alois Pichler (WAB). CC...
But we need more than Wittgenstein Source alone:     The case for something like SwickyNotes• The researcher wishes to lea...
In order to get his wish fulfilled, the       researcher has to …• … be able to find out that there are other  relevant te...
In order to get his wish fulfilled,    the researcher has to … (cont.)• … get data and metadata organized in an OA RI  wit...
The SwickyNotes browsing tool / RI• The best currently available browsing tool / RI  for Wittgenstein research is SwickyNo...
The SwickyNotes Trio(2b) Text / Resource                  (2a) Graph→                                     ←               ...
SwickyNotes: Integrating sources, ontology and graph vizualisation           Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   17           ...
Searching for ”Lernen der Sprache”           Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   18                        NC-SA
Interlinked browsing of texts (data) and          relations (metadata)             Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   19     ...
Exploring Wittgenstein’s references to          Augustine further            Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   20           ...
Checking PG 1969, Part II, §17, and  focusing on one of its sources          Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   21           ...
Results from focusing on the source of         PG 1969, Part II, §17            Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   22        ...
Bi-directional interaction• In order to pursue the original Nachlass  context further, the scholar browses in  Wittgenstei...
Pursuing the co(n)text of PG 1969, Part II,       §17 in the Nachlass source              Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   ...
”Semantic” queries• Now the scholar wants to query Wittgenstein  secondary sources for the topic of language  learning.• O...
From ”language acquisition” …         Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   26                      NC-SA
… to a secondary source author …          Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   27                       NC-SA
… to ”form of life”    Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   28                 NC-SA
Querying the relation between  ”published works” and Nachlass• The Wittgenstein scholar familiar with the so-  called ”Pub...
Now the scholar wants to add new knowledge tothe existing knowledge: Annotation through adding     comments / explicating ...
”Talking the same language”Shared concepts for objects (in square brackets):•   ”The text [Bemerkung: Ts-310,1[1]_d]]”    ...
”Talking the same language”              (cont.)  Shared concepts for relations:• The strings in square brackets (e.g. ”Be...
WAB’s Wittgenstein ontology(for a brief description see Pichler & Zöllner-Weber 2012)                   Alois Pichler (WAB...
SourceAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   34             NC-SA
SubjectAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   35             NC-SA
Person• Tba.         Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY-   36                      NC-SA
Source branch (classes)•   Source: A thing which is a primary or a secondary source.•   Primary source: A primary source f...
Person branch (classes)• Person: A thing which is a person.• Author, subclass of Person:  – Example of instance: KantImman...
Subject branch (classes)•   Subject: All things which are neither a source nor a person (nor a relation)•   Place, subclas...
Relations (selection)•    isPartOf ↔ hasPart     –   Example of instance:         [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]] isPartOf [Ms-114...
Relations (selection, cont.)•   Discusses[Issue/Point] ↔ is[Issue/Point]DiscussedIn    – Example of instance:      [ArisoJ...
Conceptual mappings (cf.   http://dm2edata.hu-berlin.de/neologism/dm2e)WAB speech                                         ...
WAB’s Wittgenstein ontology:a very great number of RDF triples• The model is throughout: aRb, where a and b  stand for ins...
The RDF triple ”code”: an example<Bemerkung rdf:about="http://wittgensteinsource.org/Ms-  115,118[1]_n">  <rdfs:label>Ms-1...
Some figuresAs of today (January 2013), our ontology  comprises:• 10+ types of relations• 100+ instances of External Sourc...
Moreover: The case for user-driven    augmentation of the ontology!• Why the annotator needs to be able not only to:   – C...
The case for user-driven augmentation           of the ontology (cont.)Creating new instances•    A new [Secondary source]...
Work flow for user-driven augmentation of the ontology (adding of new instances and          additional relation types)• C...
URLs and referencesEntrance:•   (2006-) http://wab.uib.no/wab_philospace.pagePrimary and secondary sources:•   (2009-) htt...
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The Wittgenstein Incubator and Swicky Notes - Alois Pilcher

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The Wittgenstein Incubator and Swicky Notes - Alois Pilcher

  1. 1. How we can envisage a researchersuccessfully browsing Wittgenstein Web contents, but why s/he also should beable to annotate the contents, and whatneeds to be in place for such annotation Alois Pichler (WAB) Cortona & Berlin, 17. & 21.1.2013
  2. 2. OA Wittgenstein resources 2012• (1) A substantial amount of Wittgenstein primary sources available OA – http://www.wittgensteinsource.org/• (2) A substantial amount of Wittgenstein secondary sources available OA – http://wab.uib.no/agora-wab – http://wab.uib.no/agora-alws – http://www.nordicwittgensteinreview.com/• (3) A substantial amount of Wittgenstein metadata available OA – http://www.wittgensteinsource.org/ – http://wab.uib.no/cost-a32_philospace/wittgenstein.owl – DM2E … Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 2 NC-SA
  3. 3. Adequate utilizationAdequate utilization of these resources requires:• (4) An open RI which integrates and interlinks the resources and offers an attractive environment for work on them along the lines of ”research primitives”/ ”scholarly primitives” Such utilization should also include the possibility to annotate the resources further Pundit Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 3 NC-SA
  4. 4. My plan for this presentation• (1) Scholarly scenarios for searching, browsing and focusing – RI: wittgensteinsource.org-SwickyNotes• (2) The case for annotation, and elements of what is needed for it (→ Pundit) – Annotation tool – Controlled vocabularies and ontologies• Three steps: Wittgenstein Source → SwickyNotes → Pundit Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 4 NC-SA
  5. 5. Wittgenstein Source Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 5 NC-SA
  6. 6. SwickyNotesAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 6 NC-SA
  7. 7. PunditAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- NC-SA
  8. 8. Wittgenstein Source research scenario• A scholar wishes to investigate Wittgenstein’s thought about language learning• Searching for ”learning of language” on the OA Wittgenstein Source http://www.wittgensteinsource.org/ brings her to a number of relevant passages• She gets particularly interested in a specific passage from the Brown Book: http://www.wittgensteinsource.org/Ts-310,1[1]_d Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 8 NC-SA
  9. 9. Wittgenstein Source: Searching for ”learning of language” Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 9 NC-SA
  10. 10. Wittgenstein Source: Searchresults for ”learning of language” Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 10 NC-SA
  11. 11. Wittgenstein Source: Focusing on a specificpassage, containing ”learning of language” Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 11 NC-SA
  12. 12. But we need more than Wittgenstein Source alone: The case for something like SwickyNotes• The researcher wishes to learn more about the Ts- 310,1[1] passage, including about the Ts-310 item and the context to which it belongs. – She wants more data (more texts: relevant primary and secondary sources) – She wants more metadata (relevant data about these texts and the relations within and between them: bibliographic, semantic … metadata) – She wants to browse the data and metadata in interconnected ways Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 12 NC-SA
  13. 13. In order to get his wish fulfilled, the researcher has to …• … be able to find out that there are other relevant texts (primary and secondary sources)• … have access to these texts, ideally OA• … be able to find, have access to and efficiently browse information about these texts and about the relations within and between them (metadata), ideally OA• … be able to use all these resources together, in interlinked and integrated ways, ideally, through one interface, and with nice graph vizualisation tools as support Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 13 NC-SA
  14. 14. In order to get his wish fulfilled, the researcher has to … (cont.)• … get data and metadata organized in an OA RI with an ontology as its backbone – Ontology (classes, subclasses, instances, relations/properties), see http://wab.uib.no/cost- a32_philospace/wittgenstein.owl• We have this RI now getting in place(!) thanks to EU DISCOVERY (2006-09), NordForsk JNU VWAB (2008-11), EU Agora (2011-13), EU SemLib (2011-12), EU DM2E (2012-14), NB-UBB Digitale Fulltekstarkiv (2012-13), … For a brief description of the situation in 2012 see Pichler & Smith & Falch & Krüger 2012. Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 14 NC-SA
  15. 15. The SwickyNotes browsing tool / RI• The best currently available browsing tool / RI for Wittgenstein research is SwickyNotes – SwickyNotes has the great benefit of offering one interface for working with primary sources, secondary sources and metadata in interlinked ways – Three key components • Resource • Graph • Ontology – Bi-directional interaction between Graph and Resource• SwickyNotes is a desktop application.  Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 15 NC-SA
  16. 16. The SwickyNotes Trio(2b) Text / Resource (2a) Graph→ ← (1) Ontology Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 16 NC-SA
  17. 17. SwickyNotes: Integrating sources, ontology and graph vizualisation Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 17 NC-SA
  18. 18. Searching for ”Lernen der Sprache” Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 18 NC-SA
  19. 19. Interlinked browsing of texts (data) and relations (metadata) Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 19 NC-SA
  20. 20. Exploring Wittgenstein’s references to Augustine further Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 20 NC-SA
  21. 21. Checking PG 1969, Part II, §17, and focusing on one of its sources Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 21 NC-SA
  22. 22. Results from focusing on the source of PG 1969, Part II, §17 Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 22 NC-SA
  23. 23. Bi-directional interaction• In order to pursue the original Nachlass context further, the scholar browses in Wittgenstein Source to the next Bemerkung (Ms-114,47v[6]et48r[1]_n).• This leads to an automatic update of the graph window which now displays the relations recorded for Ms- 114,47v[6]et48r[1]. Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 23 NC-SA
  24. 24. Pursuing the co(n)text of PG 1969, Part II, §17 in the Nachlass source Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 24 NC-SA
  25. 25. ”Semantic” queries• Now the scholar wants to query Wittgenstein secondary sources for the topic of language learning.• On the list of ”Issue” instances he finds a number of relevant terms, among them ”language acquisition” and ”learning”.* – ”learning” leads him to two articles on the subject. *A note: The secondary sources issues are derived from keywords provided by the authors of these sources. Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 25 NC-SA
  26. 26. From ”language acquisition” … Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 26 NC-SA
  27. 27. … to a secondary source author … Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 27 NC-SA
  28. 28. … to ”form of life” Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 28 NC-SA
  29. 29. Querying the relation between ”published works” and Nachlass• The Wittgenstein scholar familiar with the so- called ”Published Works” from Suhrkamp or Blackwell or … wishes to consult the original Nachlass about a certain passage he knows from the ”work” ”Philosophical Grammar”: PG 1969, Part II, §17.• She focuses in the Wittgenstein ontology on the instance W-PG1969:PartI:II:sect17 which leads her to the instance Ms-114,47v[5], the Nachlass source for the ”work” publication. Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 29 NC-SA
  30. 30. Now the scholar wants to add new knowledge tothe existing knowledge: Annotation through adding comments / explicating existing relations• Annotation can be carried out through ”free comments”• However, even such ”free” annotation greatly benefits from support through controlled vocabularies and ontologies: – By referring to and using the same ontological background, Wittgenstein scholars’ engagement and interaction with the resource and each other can become incomparibly more structured and shareable. – We can more quickly start talking about the same things!  Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 30 NC-SA
  31. 31. ”Talking the same language”Shared concepts for objects (in square brackets):• ”The text [Bemerkung: Ts-310,1[1]_d]]” – ”discusses [Issue: learning of language]” (NB: multilinguality!) – ”is authored by [Person: Wittgenstein Ludwig]” – ”is part of [TS: Ts-310]” – ”has been published in [Work: W-BBB]” – ”dates from [Date: 19341000-19350500]” – ”has other version in [Bemerkung: Ms-141,1[1]_d]” – ”refers to [Person: Augustine]” – ”refers to [External Source: Augustine: Confessiones]”• ”[Work: W-BBB] is referred to in [Secondary Source: VenturinhaNuno_2004]”• [Secondary Source: VenturinhaNuno_2004] discusses several issues, including [Issue: style]”• … Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 31 NC-SA
  32. 32. ”Talking the same language” (cont.) Shared concepts for relations:• The strings in square brackets (e.g. ”Bemerkung: Ts- 310,1[1]_d”) in the slide above describe the stable nodes of the map (the instances), while the strings between the entries in square brackets refer to relations between these nodes (the relations).• For each relation, its domain and range are defined so that they are ascribed in consistent and coherent ways. – E.g.: In our Wittgenstein ontology, it is excluded that one predicates about an instance of Issue that it has a date (relation: hasDate); only an instance of Source can have a date. Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 32 NC-SA
  33. 33. WAB’s Wittgenstein ontology(for a brief description see Pichler & Zöllner-Weber 2012) Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 33 NC-SA
  34. 34. SourceAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 34 NC-SA
  35. 35. SubjectAlois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 35 NC-SA
  36. 36. Person• Tba. Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 36 NC-SA
  37. 37. Source branch (classes)• Source: A thing which is a primary or a secondary source.• Primary source: A primary source for Wittgenstein scholarship, authored by Wittgenstein or in cooperation with Wittgenstein, or not by Wittgenstein but referred to by Wittgenstein.• Wittgenstein primary source, subclass of Primary source: A primary source for Wittgenstein scholarship, authored by Wittgenstein or in cooperation with Wittgenstein.• External primary source, subclass of Primary source: A primary source for Wittgenstein scholarship, not authored by Wittgenstein nor in cooperation with Wittgenstein, but referred to in a Wittgenstein primary source. – Example of instance: Goethe JWv: Faust; Augustine St: Confessiones• MS, subclass of Wittgenstein primary source: A Wittgenstein primary source physical item, handwritten. – Example of instance: Ms-115; Ms-139a• TS, subclass of Wittgenstein primary source: A Wittgenstein primary source physical item, typed. – Example of instance: Ts-213; Ts-310• Bemerkung, subclass of Wittgenstein primary source: A single remark in a Wittgenstein primary source. – Example of instance: Ts-310,21[2]et22[1]• Sentence, subclass of Wittgenstein primary source: A single sentence in a Wittgenstein primary source. – Example of instance: Ts-310,21[2]et22[1]_1; Ts-310,21[2]et22[1]_2• Chapter, subclass of Wittgenstein primary source: A single chapter in a Wittgenstein primary source. – Example of instance: Ts-213,ch-i• Work, subclass of Wittgenstein primary source: A standard publication (“work”) of a Wittgenstein primary source. – Example of instance: W-CV; W-TLP• Secondary source: A secondary source for Wittgenstein scholarship, not authored by Wittgenstein nor in cooperation with Wittgenstein, but referring to Wittgenstein or a Wittgenstein primary source. – Example of instance: PichlerAlois_2001; WallgrenThomas_2008 Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 37 NC-SA
  38. 38. Person branch (classes)• Person: A thing which is a person.• Author, subclass of Person: – Example of instance: KantImmanuel; PichlerAlois; WallgrenThomas• NB: In addition to instances of the subclass Author, the Person class is also populated with direct instances of person – Example of instance: Socrates; Moses; WittgensteinPaul Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 38 NC-SA
  39. 39. Subject branch (classes)• Subject: All things which are neither a source nor a person (nor a relation)• Place, subclass of Subject: – Example of instance: Skjolden; Cambridge• Date, subclass of Subject:. – Example of instance: 19361105; 19450000• Issue, subclass of Subject: – Example of instance: philosophy; logical analysis• Point, subclass of Subject: – Example of instance: Logical analysis is essential to philosophy• Field, subclass of Subject: A field of philosophical discussion. – Has subclasses: Metaphysics; Epistemology a.o. • Example of subclass structure: Field > Epistemology > Scepticism > Rule- FollowingScepticism• Perspective, subclass of Subject: – Has subclasses: APichler_Course_TLP; APichler_Course_PI a.o. • Example of subclass structure: Perspective > APichler_Course_TLP > [Instances] Kontradiktion-contradiction; Sachverhalt-state_of_affairs … Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 39 NC-SA
  40. 40. Relations (selection)• isPartOf ↔ hasPart – Example of instance: [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]] isPartOf [Ms-114]; [Ms-114] hasPart [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]]• isPublishedInWork ↔ isWorkPublishedFrom – Example of instance: [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]] isPublishedIn [W-PG1969:PartI:II:sect19]; [W-PG1969:PartI:II:sect19] isPublicationOf [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]]• refersTo ↔ isReferredToIn – Example of instance: [Augustinus, Aurelius: Confessiones] isReferredToIn [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]]; [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]] refersTo [Augustinus, Aurelius: Confessiones]• hasAuthor ↔ isAuthorOf – Example of instance: [ArisoJM] isAuthorOf [ArisoJM_2003]; [ArisoJM_2003] hasAuthor [ArisoJM]• hasDate ↔ isDateOf – Example of instance: [Ms-118,11r[2]] hasDate [19370825]; [19370825] isDateOf [Ms-118,11r[2]]• hasOtherVersion – Example of instance: [Ms-114,48v[5]et49r[1]] hasOtherVersion [Ms-152,38[2]] Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 40 NC-SA
  41. 41. Relations (selection, cont.)• Discusses[Issue/Point] ↔ is[Issue/Point]DiscussedIn – Example of instance: [ArisoJM_2003] discusses [dream]; [dream] isDiscussedIn [ArisoJM_2003]; [W-TLP] discusses [Philosophical analysis is essential to philosophy]; [Philosophical analysis is essential to philosophy] isDiscussedIn [W- TLP]• isContra ↔ isArguedAgainstIn – Example of instance: [Philosophical analysis is essential to philosophy] isArguedAgainstIn [W- PI]; [W-PI] isContra [Philosophical analysis is essential to philosophy]• isPro ↔ isArguedForIn – Example of instance: [W-TLP] isPro [Philosophical analysis is essential to philosophy]; [Philosophical analysis is essential to philosophy] isArguedForIn [W- TLP] Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 41 NC-SA
  42. 42. Conceptual mappings (cf. http://dm2edata.hu-berlin.de/neologism/dm2e)WAB speech DM2E data modelisPartOf ↔ hasPart [dct:isPartOf] ↔ [dct:hasPart]isPublishedInWork ↔ isWorkPublishedFrom [dm2e:publicationOfRemark]refersTo ↔ isReferredToIn [dm2e:refersTo]hasAuthor ↔ isAuthorOf [dm2e:author]hasDate ↔ isDateOf [dm2e:dateOfRemark]hasOtherVersionDiscusses[Issue/Point] ↔ is[Issue/Point]DiscussedInisContra ↔ isArguedAgainstInisPro ↔ isArguedForIn Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 42 NC-SA
  43. 43. WAB’s Wittgenstein ontology:a very great number of RDF triples• The model is throughout: aRb, where a and b stand for instances (objects), and R for the relation between them – Objects can enter into different configurations (pairs) – but not all combinations are possible – Between the same pair of object a range of different relations can obtain – but not all relations – Formalized example: • [instance1]R1[instance2] & [instance1]R1[instance3] & [instance2]R2[instance7] & …  A web of connections• Cf. Wittgenstein’s Tractatus logico- philosophicus! Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 43 NC-SA
  44. 44. The RDF triple ”code”: an example<Bemerkung rdf:about="http://wittgensteinsource.org/Ms- 115,118[1]_n"> <rdfs:label>Ms-115,118[1]</rdfs:label> <hasAuthor rdf:resource="http://discovery- project.eu/ontologies/wittgensteinsource/Wittgenstein_Ludwig"/> <hasDate rdf:resource="19360800-19361100"/> <isPublishedInWork rdf:resource="http://discovery- project.eu/ontologies/wittgensteinsource/W-EPB1970"/></Bemerkung> Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 44 NC-SA
  45. 45. Some figuresAs of today (January 2013), our ontology comprises:• 10+ types of relations• 100+ instances of External Source [Source]• 500+ instances of Secondary Source [Source]• 1 000+ instances of Issue [Subject]• 10 000+ instances of Bemerkung [Source] Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 45 NC-SA
  46. 46. Moreover: The case for user-driven augmentation of the ontology!• Why the annotator needs to be able not only to: – Create free comments – Explicate already existing relations (picked from a pre-established set) between already existing instances (picked from a pre-established set)• But also to: – Create new instances and relation types Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- NC-SA
  47. 47. The case for user-driven augmentation of the ontology (cont.)Creating new instances• A new [Secondary source] – A scholar has published a new article which discusses a certain Wittgenstein primary source; he wants to make the public aware of this achievement and (1) adds to the existing ontology a new secondary source instance, and (2) establishes through the property refersTo the relation between his secondary source and the Wittgenstein primary source.• A new [Issue] – Moreover, the scholar (1) adds a philosophical theme (issue) treated in the article to the list of issues, and (2) establishes through the property discusses the relation between his secondary source and the issues. [NB: it shall be possible to add the new issue in a different language (or a translation of an already existing issue) → language labels!]• A new [Point] – Also, the scholar (1) adds a philosophical claim (point) to the list of points, and (2) establishes through the property discusses the relation between his secondary source and the point. [NB: the new point can be added in a different language → language labels!]• A new [Date] – The scholar disagrees with WAB’s dating of a specific Wittgenstein Bemerkung and wants to propose an alternative date. She (1) adds to the existing ontology a new date instance, and (2) establishes through the property hasDate the relation between the Bemerkung and this date. In addition, (3) the scholar creates a point ”Bemerkung […] hasdate […]” and (4) labels, through the relation isPro, his article to support this point.• …There must be procedures and premises for sharing and including user annotation in the backbone ontology! – Legal – Technical – Scholarly – … Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- NC-SA
  48. 48. Work flow for user-driven augmentation of the ontology (adding of new instances and additional relation types)• Creating (to begin with in one’s own ”notebook”) new ontological instances and relations• Sharing one’s suggestions for new instances and relations with others• Submitting the new instances and relations for review by the ontology coordinators• (Having the new instances and relations included in the master ontology the ”master notebook”) Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 48 NC-SA
  49. 49. URLs and referencesEntrance:• (2006-) http://wab.uib.no/wab_philospace.pagePrimary and secondary sources:• (2009-) http://wittgensteinsource.org• (2011-) http://wab.uib.no/agora-alws• (2011-) http://wab.uib.no/agora-wab• (2012-) http://www.nordicwittgensteinreview.com/WAB’s ontology:• (2011-) http://wab.uib.no/wittgenstein.owlSwickyNotes:• (2010-) http://dbin.org/swickynotes/downloads.phpReferences:• (1921) L. Wittgenstein: Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung. In: Annalen der Natur- und Kulturphilosophie 14. pp. 185-262.• (2012) A. Pichler & A. Zöllner-Weber: Towards Wittgenstein on the Semantic Web. In: Digital Humanities 2012 Conference Abstracts. pp. 318-321. Hamburg University Press.• (2012) A. Pichler, D. Smith, R. J. Falch & W. Krüger: Elements of an e-platform for Wittgenstein research. In: Ethics - Society - Politics. Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society. Edited by Martin G. Weiss and Hajo Greif. pp. 268-270. Kirchberg am Wechsel: ALWS. Alois Pichler (WAB). CCPL BY- 49 NC-SA

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