Sparta and Athens<br />Section 4<br /><ul><li>Findoutwhatitwasliketolive in theancientcity of Sparta.
LearnaboutthePersianinvasion and otherconflictsfacedbyAthenianEmpire</li></li></ul><li>Living in Sparta<br />Spartawastheopposite of Athens.<br />Spartanswereharsh, tough, silent and grim. <br />Inside and outsidewarsledto a change in government and living.<br />Spartansbecausepowerfulwar machines.<br />Alwaysthecity´sneedaboveyourown.<br />Turnedthepeopleconqueredintohelots.<br />Helotsdidfarm labor onSpartancitizensland.<br />Becausetherewere more helotsthanSpartans, turnedthecityinto a militarysociety.<br />
BoysGrowing up in Sparta<br />Government control lifefromanearlyage.<br />Examine newborninfants and thesickbabieswereleftto die.<br />At theage of 7 boyslefttobarracksformilitary training. <br />Age of 12 boyspracticedwithswords and spears. <br />Miserable life, no food, onecloak and a thinmat.<br />Stealingforleaving.<br />Ifcaught, punishmentorkillingwasthepenalty. <br />
GirlsGrowing up in Sparta<br />Girlstrains and compete in wrestling and spearthrowing.<br />Spartansbelievedthatgirlswhogrew up strong and healthywouldhavestrong and healthychildren.<br />Women in Spartahad more freedomthan in Greece.<br />Womenownland and takepart in business. <br />
ThePersian Invade<br />Mid 500s B.C. Cyrusthe Great foundedthePersianEmpire.<br />520 B.C. Persiangained control onGreekColoniesonthewestcoast of Asia Minor.<br />490 B.C. Persianslanded at the North of Athens. ThePersiansoutnumbered.<br />Forseveraldaystheyfoughtacrosstheplain of Marathon.<br />WithoutwarningtheAtheniansrushedthePersians and killed 6,400 and drovethePersiansaway. <br />
Conflict and theAthenianEmpire<br />AfterthePersiansweredefeated, Athens alliedwithothercity-states.<br />Athens wasdemocraticsbutbegantotraetitsalliedinfairly.<br />Alliespaid tribute to Athens forprotection.<br />Athens usedthismoneyforbuildings and otherproyects.<br />City-statesbegantoresent Athens power.<br />
Allies of Sparta and Athens foughtfor 27 years in thePeloponnesianWar in thesouthernGreekpeninsula.<br />Athens wasstruckby a plague and 1/3 of Athens populationdied.<br />In 405 B.C. theSpartansstaged a blockadeclosingtheharborwhere Athens recievedfood and shipmentscausingthemtosurrenderedbecause of famine. <br />
ClassworkActivity<br />Whatwasthebasic rule thatgovernedSparta’scity-state?<br />Compare life in Spartawithlife in Athens in a venndiagram.<br />Whatwaslifelikeforthewomen of Sparta?<br />Whowasthefounder of thePersianEmpire?<br />Whathappenedduringthebattle of marathon?<br />Whatconflictsdid Athens faced?<br />HowdidtheSpartansfinallydefeattheAthenians?<br />