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Ancient India:TheIndus and Ganges River Valley<br />9th Course<br />Social Studies<br />Miss Denisse<br />
India´sGeographicSetting:<br />Subcontinent: Large landmass that juts out from a continent.<br />Separated from the rest o...
Life in theIndusRiver Valley<br /><ul><li>Fromaround 2500 to 1500 BC, well-plannedcitiesflourished in theIndus Valley.
TwosuchcitieswereHarappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
Mohenjo-Darowasthelarger of thetwocities.</li></li></ul><li>Mohenjo-Daro..<br /><ul><li>Theruins of thiscity show howcaref...
Ononeside of thecitywerethehomes and workshops. Ontheothersidestoodthepublicbuildings.
Thecity´shighestpointserved as a citadel, orfortress. Thiswallwouldhaveprotectedthecity´smostimportantbuildings.</li></li>...
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Indus and Ganges River Valleys

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Power Point Presentation that Explain and Analyze the Geographic Location from India and their Rivers and Valleys.

  • One correction: The Aryan peoples migrated into the Ganges, not the Indus river valley. If there were Sanskrit-speaking settlements down the Indus from Gandhara, I have not read of them. Certainly the Ganges Civilization is the taproot of what we call 'Hinduism.'
    For maps and a little more detail, see:
    http://www.slideshare.net/YomBuddy/historical-buddhism-1-india
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Indus and Ganges River Valleys

  1. 1. Ancient India:TheIndus and Ganges River Valley<br />9th Course<br />Social Studies<br />Miss Denisse<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. India´sGeographicSetting:<br />Subcontinent: Large landmass that juts out from a continent.<br />Separated from the rest of the world by the Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world.<br />Indus<br />Climate: Dominated by monsoons, strong winds that blow across the region. People depend on monsoons to provide just the right amount of rain.<br />Rivers: The Indus and the Ganges.<br />
  4. 4. Life in theIndusRiver Valley<br /><ul><li>Fromaround 2500 to 1500 BC, well-plannedcitiesflourished in theIndus Valley.
  5. 5. TwosuchcitieswereHarappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
  6. 6. Mohenjo-Darowasthelarger of thetwocities.</li></li></ul><li>Mohenjo-Daro..<br /><ul><li>Theruins of thiscity show howcarefullyitwasplanned.
  7. 7. Ononeside of thecitywerethehomes and workshops. Ontheothersidestoodthepublicbuildings.
  8. 8. Thecity´shighestpointserved as a citadel, orfortress. Thiswallwouldhaveprotectedthecity´smostimportantbuildings.</li></li></ul><li>Life in Mohenjo-Daro..<br /><ul><li>In Mohenjo-Daro, merchants and artisanssoldtheirgoods. Traderswould come tobuy and sellpreciousthings.
  9. 9. Thelanguage of thepeopleisstill a mystery. Expertshavenotyetbeenableto figure outwhatthe symbols mean.
  10. 10. No royal tombsor temples havebeenfound. Butevidencesuggeststhatthepeoplehad a number of gods.</li></li></ul><li>A Mysterious Decline..<br /><ul><li>Around 2000 B.C., peoplebegantoabandontheirland. Thereasons are notclear.
  11. 11. Perhapstheydidn´thaveenoughfood, theclimatemayhavechanged, orearthquakesdestroyedthecity.</li></li></ul><li>A New CultureArises..<br /><ul><li>TheAryansmigrated (moved) from Central Asia tooccupythelandleftbythepeople of Mohenjo-Daro.
  12. 12. Most of whatweknowaboutAryanlife comes fromreligiousbooks calles Vedas, whichmeansknowledge.
  13. 13. TheArayansorganizedtheirsociety in 3 classes, thatwith time wascalledcastesystem.</li></ul>Brahmans <br />(priests)<br />Warriors and nobles<br />Artisans and Merchants<br />

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