Ancient China

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Section 1: China's geography

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Ancient China

  1. 1. THE GEOGRAPHY OF CHINA’S RIVER VALLEYS<br /><ul><li>Examine thegeography of ancient China.
  2. 2. Findoutaboutearlycivilization in China.
  3. 3. Learnabouttheimportace of familyties in earlyChinesesociety.</li></li></ul><li>Ancient China Territory:<br />Ancient China covered a largearea of theAsianContinent.<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. GeographicSettingsClimate in Ancient China..<br />China wasdividedin tworegions: North China Plain, and South China Plain.<br />NORTH: Itonlyrainedduringsummer, because of themonsoons. However, therest of theyear, theclimateisverydry.<br />SOUTH: itiswarm and wet. Itrainsalmostallyearlong.<br />
  6. 6. Mountain Range<br />TheHimalayasseparatesChina fromtherest of thecontinentlimitatingcontactwithothercivilization.<br />China calledthemselvesMiddleKingdom<br />
  7. 7. Important Rivers<br />China’sRiversoverflowedtheirbankseachspring.<br />China’s 1st longestriverThe Chang.<br />China’s 2nd longestriverTheHuang. Alsocalledthe “YellowRiver” or “China’sSorrow” because of the loess, thatitcarryalongwiththefloods and thedestructionit cause. <br />TheHuangoverflowedthe North plain of China and ithelptheChinesetogrow a graincalledmillet. <br />Chinesebuiltdikeswhichcouldnot control thefloods. Loess settledtothebotton and thelevel rose. <br />
  8. 8. TheShangDynasty<br />1st civiliation in China.<br />Arose 1760 B.C and built chinas firstcities.<br />Produced art in bronze and chinas firstwritingsystem. <br />Chinas hadmany regional languages and theirwritingwasusedfordifferentlanguages. <br />After 600 years a new group emerged, peoplewholived in theWei Valley.<br />
  9. 9. TheZhouDynasty<br />TheyborderedtheShangterritory.<br />Livedpeacefullyover times butfinallytheZhouconqueredtheShang in about 1122B.C. <br />TheZhouruledoveralmost 1000 years.<br />ThisperiodisdividedintoEarlier western ZhouDynasty and Later Eastern ZhouDynasty. Periodknown as warringstates.<br />Small kingdomsfoughtfor control untiltheQin emerged.<br />
  10. 10. Mandate of Heaven<br />Chineserulersinheritedthethroneortheyfoughtfortherightto rule. <br />Chinesebelievedthatrulerscametopowerbecause of theirdestin y orfate.<br />It’s a laworanorderthatThe Mandate of Heavensupport a leader to rule. <br />
  11. 11. Importance of theFamily<br />Center of ChineseSociety.<br />5 generationscouldlivetogether.<br />The status of a personwasaccordingtotheirage and sex. <br />Center authoritywasmostlytheoldestman. Tookdecisions and punishments.<br />Womenwereconsideredlower and wereboundedbythethreeobediences.<br />Fourvirtuesforwomen. <br />

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