Basic concept of philosophy

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Basic concept of philosophy

  1. 1. BASIC CONCEPT OF PHILOSOPHY & PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION Present by : Adibah Atiqah Suhana Madihah
  2. 2. Meaning of Philosophy from 3 Angles : 1. Etymology (Language)  Comes from the Greek word philosophia  philo = love - Sophia = knowledge  Love for knowledge or wisdom 2. Terminology  Different philosophers have different definitions for the meaning of philosophy.
  3. 3. 3. Practicality  Philosophy means “thinking thoroughly, free from the bonds of tradition and having the following characteristics, namely systematic, radical and universal”. - Thinking systematically - Thinking rationally - Thinking universally
  4. 4. Branches of Philosophy • Metaphysics (ontology) : speculative, cause-and-effect relationship Eg : What is truth? What is mankind? • Axiology : ethics and aesthetics Eg : What is goodness? What is beauty? • Epistemology : knowledge and beliefs Eg : What is knowledge? What are the sources of knowledge? • Logic : differentiates between valid and confusing ideas. Eg : What is good reasoning? Not so good reasoning?
  5. 5. Concept of Education • According to the Dictionary of Education (1979), “Education is a comprehensive process to develop an individual’s abilities and behaviour. It is also a social process which provides opportunities for the individual to acquire social skills for personal development. Furthermore, it is conducted in a selected and controlled institutionalized environment which we call school.”
  6. 6. Eastern Educationists • The role of education is to nurture good behaviour in man so that they will be law-abiding, loyal and love their king and country. Islamic Educationists • The education unifies all knowledge and that education is grounded in the Quran. Education plays an important role in creating a balance for the physical, intellectual and spiritual potentials of the individual.
  7. 7. Concept of Philosophy of Education • Socialization process – Gives students opportunities to interact with one another in order to help them. • Cultural development – Creates and promotes culture. • Social integration – Become more united as a result of the teaching of cultural values and norms. • Social placement – School achievement is evaluated based on academic performance.
  8. 8. •THANK YOU….

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