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Annual report Jeevan Amrit Project 2013 - 14 pdf

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Water is life! One of the critical concerns ever faced by mankind is diminishing availability of good quality water. Especially in western Rajasthan, ground water is polluted with high fluoride/TDS and harmful pathogens and brackish in taste and not fit for drinking. In order to address this concern in its own way, Cairn India in partnership with Tata Projects, jointly with PHED and Panchayat initiated “JEEWAN AMRIT PROJECT”, needy villages of District Barmer, Rajasthan. This Financial Year, Jeewan Amrit Project had proposed to Install 12 RO Plants in the Villages in Barmer district of Rajasthan.

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Annual report Jeevan Amrit Project 2013 - 14 pdf

  1. 1. Jeewan Amrit Project RO Plant Project Submitted on 2nd April 2014 Dhara Sansthan, Barmer Mr. Mahesh Panpalia, CEO, Dhara Sansthan. Contact Address: Dhara Sansthan House # 245, Shri Krishna Nagar, Rai Colony, Near Vishwakarma Circle, Barmer - 344001. Tele : +91 2982 221556, 223570, 223384 Contact Person: Mahesh Panpalia Mobile: +91 94142 71028, 9636153333 Email: dharasansthan@gmail.com Web-Site: dharasansthan.org
  2. 2. Annual Report March 2014 Page 2 Contents Srl Particulars Page 1 Introduction 3 2 Back ground Information 3-4 3 About the Project 4 4 Methodology 5 4.1. Input Strategy 5 – 10 4.2. Output Strategy 10 -16 4.3. Outcome 17 4.4. Sustainability 17 4.5. Leverage 17 – 18 4.6. Lesson Learned 18 4.7. Challenges 18 5 Cairn Visitors 19 6 Media Coverage 20 – 26
  3. 3. Annual Report March 2014 Page 3 Name of the Project: Capacity Building and Sustainability of Community Based R.O. Plant Project Area: Gudamalani Block and Baitu Block of Barmer District Implementing Partner DHARA Sansthan Funding Agency CAIRN & TATA Projects Supporting Partner PHED Period of Reporting 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2014 Due date of Reporting 2nd April 2014 1. Introduction : Water is life! One of the critical concerns ever faced by mankind is diminishing availability of good quality water. Especially in western Rajasthan, ground water is polluted with high fluoride/TDS and harmful pathogens and brackish in taste and not fit for drinking. In order to address this concern in its own way, Cairn India in partnership with Tata Projects, jointly with PHED and Panchayat initiated “JEEWAN AMRIT PROJECT”, needy villages of District Barmer, Rajasthan. This Financial Year, Jeewan Amrit Project had proposed to Install 12 RO Plants in the Villages in Barmer district of Rajasthan. 2. Background : People in the Rajasthan rely heavily on ground water to meet their basic water needs. As a result, the district witnesses the large nos. of water borne diseases i.e. Dental Fluorosis, Joint pain, Knee pain, etc caused due to the presence of high volume of fluoride in their drinking water. Srl Ml / day Disease Cause due to high fluoride Villages affected 1 0.5 – 1.5 Promote Dental Health Bhadkha 2 1.5 – 4.0 Dental Fluorosis Jogasar, 3 4.0 – 10.0 Dental Fluorosis, Skeletal Fluorosis. (Pain in neck bones & back) Guda, Bhakarpura, Kawas, Bhimda, SPS, Bhopji, Akdara 4 > 10.0 Crippling Fluorosis. Neigbouring Villages of Akdara, i.e. Santara Source: International Drinking Water Standards (1971), WHO, Geneva. Srl Ml / day Disease Cause due to high fluoride Villages affected 1 Chloride Kidney diseases, etc Kawas and Bhimda
  4. 4. Annual Report March 2014 Page 4 Men take Opium in order relieve from bone ache Women take pain killer in order to relieve from bone ache. 3. About the Project : Dhara Sansthan jointly with Cairn India, Tata Projects and with the support of PHED has installed 9 nos. of Reverse Osmosis Plants in nine different locations of Gudamalani and Baitu Block of Barmer District, as given below. 2/9 RO Plants will be shifted to new Villages in future. The other (2) two RO plants in Akdara and Baitu Bhopji will start up shortly. (1) One RO Plant in Rawatsar will also start by April 14 as the new bore well is ready and it has to be plumbed through the existing PHED pipeline, which will be done by the 2nd week of April 2014. These plants are mostly installed in Cairn Intervention areas with an objective to provide access to clean potable drinking water to the village community through a sustainable community entrepreneurship model. The raw water source is from PHED water supply ranging from 300 ppm to 4800 ppm, which further gets processed into product water of TDS ranging between 60 to 80 ppm, respectively. Aim: As a part of the solution, Cairn India along with its partners is in process of establishing RO stations with an aim to provide access of clean drinking water to the villagers through a sustainable model of self ownership. Objective: To foster the need and recovery of the residents affected by the brackish water containing fluoride.
  5. 5. Annual Report March 2014 Page 5 4. Methodology : 4.1. Input Strategy: How do we select the site for RO Plants? Before initiating a project, the surveyor team selects the potential villages on the basic of the set criteria. If the village fulfills all the line items of the set criteria, than we seat with the concern Sarpanch to discuss the matter in detail, followed by kick off meeting with the villagers. We help village form their committee unbaisely. The Village Selection Criteria:  The Village shall be within the Cairn Intervention area.  The main source of water is Phed supplied brackish having TDS above 1000ppm.  At least 50% community is consuming brackish water.  There should be no competitor within the Village.  The Village must be a compact Village with no Dhanis, consisting of minimum 250 families or 1250 population.  The Village has got regular water supply from Phed.  Demand driven from Community.  The Village/ Phed provide us a centrally located space to construct prefab room for RO Plant.  The Village must ensure minimum 100 water cards, before the start of the plant. The Panchayat / Sarpanch:  Identify and allot Panchayat land for establishment of RO plant, support role of getting access to electricity from electricity board and raw water from PHED.  Especially in last four RO Plants, in Bhimda, Sawau, Bhopji and Akdara, we have adopted a policy to involve some leverage from the Panchayat in form of tile fitted Platform. Accordingly, Tata Project designs the machine on the basis of the water test report. The Tata Projects has signed a contract with Cairn India to supply them these RO plants at no profit no loss basis. Tata sends their Contractor & technicians to install the prefab room & machine respectively and make it ready for usage. The Old Model RO Station The RO Machine The New Model RO Station
  6. 6. Annual Report March 2014 Page 6 The Committee / Samiti: Before the actual formation of the village Committee, we identify capable people from almost all the caste & tribes from the concern village and this process is done through environment building meetings, where we let them know our aim & objective and accordingly filter in the right people. Environment Building: Meeting in Kawas Meeting in Bhimda Committee / Samiti Formation Process: The Actual Committee is formed under the supervision of the Project Manager, CEO Dhara and other staff from Dhara to see that the committee members are fair enough to lead out their respective role and sustain the project accordingly. The Posted Village Sarpanches are mostly appointed as a caretaker / guardian of the Committee to see that things are followed as per set Bye Laws. Water Committee Meeting in Kawas The Committee has got several key responsibilities i.e  Appoint operator for the plant  Active participation in management of RO plant  Monthly review of book of accounts  Create awareness and motivate community for clean drinking water  Hold meeting either on fortnightly/ monthly basis for collective decisions.  Initiate to increase the water sales, through personal relations and awareness.  Monitor the cash flow.  Banking transactions.  etc.
  7. 7. Annual Report March 2014 Page 7 The Inauguration: Cairn India decides the date of inauguration and the chief guest and guest of honours. Accordingly, the inauguration takes place in presence of big village gathering. Ms Ritu Jhingon, Inaugurated in Bhadkha Ms Madan Kaur, Inaugurated in Kawas Sh. Kailash Inaugurated in Bhimda The Inauguration date chart: Particular Inauguration date Particular Inauguration date  Gudamalani  Bhakarpura  Koshlu  Adel  Jogasar  Bhadkha 20th April 13 20th April 13 14th May 13 15th May 13 25th Aug 13 6th Sept 13  Kawas  Bhimda  Sawau Padam Singh  Akdara  Baytoo Bhopji  Rawatsar 5th Feb 13 12th Feb 13 26th Feb 13 27th Feb 13 28th Feb 13 ? The Current status of RO Plant: Project nos. Place Status Date of Start 1st Project Gudamalani Working well 20 April 2013 2nd Project Bhakarpura Working well 20 April 2013 3rd Project Adel Planning to shift this RO Plant to Hemaguda ? 4th Project Koslu Planning to shift this RO Plant to Harsani Pattak ? 5th Project Jogasar Working well 25 Aug 2013 6th Project Badkha Working well 9 Sept 2013 7th Project Kawas Working well 05 Feb 2014 8th Project Bhimda Working well 14 Feb 2014 9th Project Sawau Padam S Working well 28 Feb 2014 10th Project Akdara The Plant is ready for inauguration ? 11th Project Baitu Bhopji The Plant is ready for inauguration ? 12th Project Rawatsar Plumbing work in progress ?
  8. 8. Annual Report March 2014 Page 8 Social Mobilization: Dhara Sansthan main role is to create and bring in awareness amongst people regarding safe drinking water and make them aware about the harmful effects of drinking fluoride content brackish water. Our awareness tools are, i.e. Nukkad Nattak, Street Play, Puppet Shows, Awareness in Schools, Wall writings, Slogans writing, Handouts, etc. List of types of Awareness Programs: Srl Particulars By whom Target / Date 1 Nukkad Nattak, Puppet show & speech on water By Surabhi Sansthan and Rajesh Village Community / Nov & Dec 2013 2 PPT and film on water and speech on water By Rajesh Sr Secondary Schools February 2014 3 Water testing demonstration By Experts from PHED Village Community in March 2014 Puppet show Singing water jingle
  9. 9. Annual Report March 2014 Page 9 Stage Play Technical Speech on water Project IEC & Visibility: Project IEC Material Project IEC Material Water Pledge Form The Project Visibility
  10. 10. Annual Report March 2014 Page 10 Wall Paintings: 4.2. Output Strategy: Total Revenue Generated this Financial Year 2013-14 201918 66675 0 0 213005320 4220 107260 1010615 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 Gudamalani Bhakharpura Adel Koslu Jogasar Bhadka Kawas Bhimda Sawau PS Sales Approx 9000 people are getting benefitted by sale of 6, 84,620 liters water / month from (7) seven Cairn Sponsored RO Stations in Barmer.
  11. 11. Annual Report March 2014 Page 11 Sl Village Description 1 Gudamalani (20th April 13 to 31st Mar 13) This financial year Gudamalani RO Station stood 2nd as per the monthly & annual sales ranking and it is performing very well above the breakeven point. The total revenue (gross profit) generated till March 2014, is 201918 INR. This is one of the best RO Plant in terms of social market where we are covering approx 500 families. The best thing about this plant is that we are supplying water @ 5 INR, delivery on site. There are two private RO plants existed for years and now they are having hard time to compete with Cairn India’s RO plant. Recently they had to drop their price to 10 INR. But in summer, there is a slight threat of sale dropping down due to non availability of chilled water. 2 Bhakharpura (20th April 13) The Bhakarpura RO Station stood 7th position as per the monthly sales ranking and performing quite below the set average. The total revenue (gross profit) generated till March 2014, is 66,675 INR. There is a gradual dip in the sale as one of the buyer company moved out. I suggest we had to set up Kios within 3-4 adjoining villages, which will help increase the water sale @ 5 INR minimum. 3 Adel (15th May 13) The ADEL plant is non operational since Aug 13 and now we have decided to move this to Hemaguda Village. 4 Koshlu (14th May 13) The KOSHLU plant is non operational since 24 Oct 2014 and now we have decided to move this to plant to Harsani Pattak. 5 Jogasar (25th Aug 13) The Jogasar RO Station as usual stood 1st as per the monthly and annual sales ranking as it is performing above the limits. The total revenue (gross profit) generated till March 2014 is 10, 10, 615 INR. The sale is constantly increasing as we are approaching towards summer season. Which indicate excellent sales indicators? It is high time, that we had to seat with the concern water committee and discuss about the Value Addition in terms of adding chiller plant on this plant. 6 Bhadka (9th Sept 13) The Bhadka RO Station stood 4th in monthly sales ranking. The total revenue (gross profit) generated till March 2014 is 1, 07,260 INR. There is a slight rise in the sale this month as we have added more people. 7 Kawas (5th Feb 14) The Kawas stood 3rd as per the monthly sales ranking and the total revenue collected till March 2014 is 21300 INR. This indicates that the sale is improving gradually and will still rise up as summer is approaching. 8 Bhimda (14th Feb 14) The Bhimda stood 6th as per the monthly sales ranking and the total revenue generated till March 2014 is 5320 INR. This is quite below the breakeven point but there are more opportunity to increase the sale in adjoining village of Batadu. 9 Sawau Padam Singh (28th Feb 14) The Sawau Padam Singh, stood 7th as per the monthly sales ranking and the total revenue generated till March 2014 is 4220 INR. But as summer is approaching the sales will surely increase.
  12. 12. Annual Report March 2014 Page 12 Miking on water @ 5 INR / Cane Selling approx 350 canes / daily The Water Sale Status this FY- 2013-2014: Srl Village Name No. of water cans sold No. of water Tankers Total Quantity of water sold (ltrs) @ Rate Total Revenue Performance Ranking Remarks 1 Gudamalani 45721 1 918420 3-5 Rs/ Can 201918 B 346 days 2 Bhakarpura 13335 0 266700 5 Rs/ Can 66675 G 346 days 3 Adel - - - 5 Rs/ Can - - Plant is closed 4 Koshlu - - - 5 Rs/ Can - - 5 Jogasar 16242 291 1779840 7 Rs/ Can 3000/ 3250 T 1010615 A 219 days 6 Bhadka 10748 0 214960 5/ 10 Rs/ Can 107150 D 204 days 7 Kawas 4260 0 85200 5 Rs/ Can 21300 C 55 days 8 Bhimda 1064 0 21280 5 Rs/ Can 5320 E 46 days 9 Sawau PS 844 0 16880 5 Rs/ Can 4220 F 32 days 164914 Can/ 2013-14 3298280 Liters 1417198 INR 1248 days The Machine produces 1000 lit per hour and the good thing about this machine is, it has a capacity to reject 99% total dissolved salts (TDS) from the RAW water; which is very rare in other RO machines in market.
  13. 13. Annual Report March 2014 Page 13 Water Price: Particulars Jar / Jerry Can Tankers Gudamalani 5 INR (Home delivery) NA Bhakarpura 5 INR (RO Plant) NA Jogasar 7 INR (RO Plant) 3000 Tata & 3250 Leighton Bhadka 10 INR (RO Plant) NA Kawas 5 INR (RO Plant) 10 INR (Home delivery) NA Bhimda 5 INR (RO Plant) 10 INR (Delivery in Batadu) NA Sawau Padam Singh 5 INR (RO Plant) NA How do we market / sale our water? A) Direct / Automated RO Plant with ATW System: The families are encouraged to take water smart card, which access to take the 20 Ltrs of water / swipe, it works 30 times and after that one has to recharge like mobile recharge through the RO operator and operate / take the water. B). Salesman: The salesman are encouraged to take water can @ 5 INR from the RO plants and directly make the home delivery charging additional amount 5 INR / can, which make it 10 INR delivery at home site. Below given is the sales status of first four successful plants:
  14. 14. Annual Report March 2014 Page 14 Sale Status upto March 2014 (Monetary Figures): 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 Gudamalani (20 Apr 14) 24190 12810 4994 5205 3588 3015 6354 8292 16000 34786 34755 47929 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Total sale till March 2014 is INR 201918 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 Bhakarpura (20 Apr 14) 4495 4245 4355 3775 2890 4025 6745 8875 9550 8785 5125 3810 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Total sale till March 2014 is INR 66675 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 Jogasar (25 Aug 14) 1830 128572123291 100090 87652 177829 195260 196091 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Total sale till March 2014 is INR 1010615
  15. 15. Annual Report March 2014 Page 15 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 Bhadka (9 Sept 14) 11790 20700 16820 17220 14590 11110 15030 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Total sale till March 2014 is INR 107260 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 Kawas (5 Feb 14) 0 0 0 0 0 5210 16090 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Total sale till March 2014 is INR 21300 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Bhimda (14 Feb 14) 0 0 0 0 0 890 4430 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Total sale till March 2014 is INR 5320
  16. 16. Annual Report March 2014 Page 16 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Sawau Padam Singh (28 Feb 14) 0 0 0 0 0 0 4220 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Total sale till March 2014 is INR 4220 RO Plant Operational Cost: The annual maintenance cost of an RO Plant is min 1.8 lakhs. Which means 15000 INR . monthly or 500 INR / Daily. In order to maintain the breakeven point, the minimum sales required are 100 cans / daily. Any income above the breakeven point can be used for either plant up gradation or village development work, which may be decided by the committee under 80% voting. The monthly operational cost.  5000 INR RO Operator  5000 INR as Reserve Fund for Membrane  2000 INR for Cartage, Antiscalent Chemicals, Servicing, Spare parts, if any, etc.  3000 INR for Electricity and Water Charges. Usage of waste water? As per the norms, 45% is what we get in form of product water and 55% goes as reject water. But we have come up with several new techniques to make full usage of waste water too. Srl Particular Rejected water @ 2000 – 5000 lit/ day Product water @ 40 lits/ day 1 Kawas Agriculture use_2200ppm Soak pit 2 Bhimda Brick making_2200ppm Brick making 3 Akdara Soak pit_9000ppm Soak pit 4 Sawau Padam Singh Construction_2200ppm Construction_2200ppm 5 Baitu Bhopji Construction_2200ppm Construction_2200ppm
  17. 17. Annual Report March 2014 Page 17 4.3. Outcome: Especially in Gudamalani, where we installed our first RO plant in April 2013, we could trace excellent outcome in terms of health factors. When we interviewed few of the community people, we were surprised to see that people are getting relieve from their joint pain (esp. under 40 age), good appetite, dropping of visits to doctors, energetic, etc. Case Study 1: Shrimati Sua w/o Bhawra Ram (Tailor), Cell: 9660992124. Profession:- Housewife but help her husband in tailoring When I use to consume fluoride consisting brackish water, I had hard time to get out of my bed at 5 am due to joint pain and gastric problem. I use to feel weak and use to take rest in between the day time. Since I started using RO potable water, I feel more comfortable when I get out of my bed and no joint pain and gastric problem and infact feel more energetic and require no break during the day time. Case Study 2: Shri. Banwari Singh s/o Roop Singh, Cell : 9549260157. Profession: Worker in textile industries in Balotra. Earlier, when we use to consume fluoride consisting brackish water, our family members use to make more frequent visits to doctor. Since we started consuming the RO potable water, our visit to doctor is almost nil. In additional to this, now we could able to quench our thirst well and our appetite increased. We will always like to continue using this water as it is good for our health. 4.4. Sustainability: Since the water Committee are the backbone of the whole project, so; we are in a process of strengthening it or reforming in the first four sites, i.e. Gudamalani, Bhakharpura, Bhadka and Jogasar. In the new recently inaugurated RO sites, we are very careful in the process of selecting right people into the water committees. Beside this, we are also in a process of building capacity of the committee, through frequent meetings, transparency, involving them in decision making, etc. With this, we are very much sure that once the water committees are streamlined than we can ensure 100% sustainability of the each RO sites, respectively. 4.5. Leverage: In the earlier plant setup, the total expense was born by the funding agency, Cairn India but in the last four RO Projects setup, we decided to take leverage in form of platform construction, from the Panchayat with an objective to create sense of ownership amongst the Panchayat and the Committee. Below given is the list of the four RO set up who contributed their portion of leverage, i.e. Bhimda, Akdara, Sawau Padam Singh and Baitu Bhopji.
  18. 18. Annual Report March 2014 Page 18 Srl Particulars Villages Monetary Terms 1 Land All 12 sites PHED & PRI 2 Foundation Bhimda, Akdara, Sawau Padam Singh & Baitu Bhopji 70,000 x 4 = 2,80,000 INR / One time 3 Electricity Gudamalani 4000 x 12 = 48000 INR / Yearly 4 Water All 9 sites 1000 x 43 months = 43000 INR / FY 2013-14 Bhimda, Akdara, Sawau Padam Singh, Baitu Bhopji To make this project a DEMAND DRIVEN, we made the concern Sarpanches to contribute in foundation construction. This will help us bring in more work ownership. 4.6. Lesson Learned:  Always follow set criteria during the selection of new site.  Take enough time to select good water committee as it is the back bone of the whole management system and good committee will ensure project sustainability.  In average size / big villages, provision for home delivery is required and otherwise we cannot expect the entire community to come and draw water from the RO plant. .  Control on water price @ 5 INR jar cane is the best price in terms of social market. 4.7. Challenges:  Difficult to transport the water in dhanis and small villages.  Difficult to manage the water price @ INR 5 /can with transportation in adjoining villages within the radius of 5 kms. One option is to set up several Kios of 5000 lits in nearby villages and fill that up in one go and this will help control the price of transportation. Drawback: It is time consuming as the Sarpanches have to take prior permission
  19. 19. Annual Report March 2014 Page 19 5. Cairn Visitors: Ms Anna Martella Managing Director, Cairn India, Gurgaon The Cairn Officials from Gurgaon Dr. Goswami (Group head, Vedanta)
  20. 20. Annual Report March 2014 Page 20 6. Media Coverage: This financial year, local and state level media has been very useful in spreading out the awareness within and outside of our working area. As a result, while travelling outside of Barmer, perhaps within whole Rajasthan state. I have seen people talking about RO plants set up by Cairn. It is the media who is equally contributing in spreading out the message of safe and potable water. Below attached are few of the media clippings for your review.
  21. 21. Annual Report March 2014 Page 21
  22. 22. Annual Report March 2014 Page 22
  23. 23. Annual Report March 2014 Page 23
  24. 24. Annual Report March 2014 Page 24
  25. 25. Annual Report March 2014 Page 25
  26. 26. Annual Report March 2014 Page 26 Prepared & Compiled by: Rajesh Kumar Kashyap Project Manager, Jeewan Amrit Project, Dhara Sansthan, Barmers

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