What happens when a country of the size of India has over 3<br /> million children living on the streets? Or has over 150 million <br />children working as bonded labourers? Or one out of every six <br />girl child does not live to see her 15th birthday? What happens<br /> when despite having a national policy for compulsory primary<br /> education, only 50% of children have access to education?<br />The statement "Children are the future of the nation" stops<br /> making sense, then! In fact, it sounds like an ominous <br />prophecy. For how can we explain that even after 60 years of<br /> independence, half of India's children are illiterate? Despite <br />identifying primary education as a key thrust area and<br /> possessing one of the largest networks of schools in<br /> the world?<br />Clearly, we have a lot to answer for. And as concerned citizens <br />do something about it; something meaningful, something<br />
concrete, something urgently. No more do we have the<br /> luxury of blaming the system or postponing our actions. The time to take collective as well as individual responsibility to remedy the present situation is here. Right now! And also we need many more Smiles to cater to the vast (increasing) number of children in our country's population.<br />
Why education is important in our life ?<br />It is very easy to explain importance of education. No human beings are able to survive properly without education. Education tells men how to think, how to work properly, how to make decision. Through education only one can make separate identity. It is most important in life like our basic need foods, clothing and shelter. In the beginning we learn how to interact with others, how to make friends because of education. As I remember when my parents had enrolled my name in school not only I learnt the alphabets and numbers but also I made friends, interacted with them and with teachers.<br />
With further development we were faced with the sense of competition and desire and other such emotions and feelings. We also learnt to control our emotions and feelings that taught us how to act in different situations. Education is not just restricted to teaching a person the basic academics, say computers, mathematics, geography or history but instead education is a much larger term.<br />
If you want to find out the impact of education on any individuality, you better do an intense observation to the ways of well-educated people and then compare them with an illiterate man. You would get a clear picture of the education and its accurate concept. Education is one of the important factors which formulate the persona of a person.<br />
Education is a productive and beneficial factor in a person’s life. It is everyone’s right to get and the training of a human mind is not complete without education. Only because of education a man is able to receive information from the external humanity, to notify him with past and receive all essential information concerning the present which will help in the future. <br />
When one travels around the world, it is being observed that human nature is the same, whether in India or Australia, London, Europe or America.<br />Conservative education makes independent thinking extremely complicated. If we are being educated merely to achieve distinction, to get a better job, to be more efficient, to have wider domination over others than our<br />
life will be shallow and empty. If we are being educated only<br /> to be scientists, to be scholars wedded to books, or specialists<br /> addicted to knowledge, then we shall be contributing to the<br /> destruction and misery of the world.<br /> We may be highly educated, but if we are without meaningful combination of thought and feeling, our lives are incomplete and clashing. Education develops a meaningful outlook on life.<br />The individual are different but to accentuate the differences and to encourage the development of a definite type education is must.<br />Education is not just a matter of training the mind , it is about building the personality of an individual for his fullness in society .<br />
Education should help us to discover lasting values;<br /> unfortunately, the present system of education is making us<br /> submissive, emotionless and deeply thoughtless.<br />Systems, whether educational or political, are not changed<br /> without explanation; they are transformed when there is a<br /> fundamental change in ourselves. The individual is of first <br />importance, not the system; and as long as the individual does<br /> not understand the total process of himself, no system can<br /> bring order and peace to the world.<br />
AWARENESS IN THE SOCIETY<br />A child with illiterate parents is burdened with a significant disability, not only in school, but in life itself. It is to be hoped that his grandparents or other members of his extended family, who are skilful readers, will have a great deal of input into his day-to-day activities. Otherwise, these are a few of the many disadvantages he will encounter, <br />
compared to children his age who are fortunate enough to have literate parents.<br /><ul><li> He will start school without knowing the nursery rhymes and fairy tales which are prominent in the programs of primary grades.
These items of juvenile literature are an inherent part of our culture and will be well-known by most of his classmates, so he is significantly impoverished already.
He may have a problem sitting still and listening attentively when the teacher reads.
No one has ever read to him, so his listening skills may not be well-developed.He may lack motivation for learning to read. Mom and Dad seem to get along fine without the skill. There are no books, magazines or newspapers around the house</li></li></ul><li>He won't see many advantages of putting forth the effort <br />needed to learn to read.<br />He is likely to lack the experience of playing with challenging toys or games. Besides being stuck in a lower economic bracket and unable to afford many extras, his parents would<br />
be unable to read instructions on how to assemble more complicated playthings, or to decipher the rules for table games.<br />
EFFECTS OF ILLETERACY ON SOCIETY<br />Recent studies show that there is an increasing rate of illiteracy all over the world. A study conducted by WSI(World Statistics Institute) shows that over 27% of people are illiterate globaly. Another study by the same institute shows that the speed at which illiteracy rate ascends is 32%. These rates are quite important, as illiteracy has terrible effects on society.<br />The most important effect of illiteracy on society is that, it works as an inhibitor. That is to say, the more illiterate people there are in a country, the harder it will be for the country to develop. <br />
This fact could be clarified with an example: <br /><ul><li>America(whose illiteracy rate is below 5%) and Canada(Illiteracy rate: around 8%) are developed countries, whereas countries, like Turkey and Iran(Illiteracy rates: 61% and 43% in order) are undeveloped countries.
Illiteracy has got a kind of "genetic" effect. The children of illiterate people are more likely to be illiterate that those who aren't. Even if the parents don't want their children to be illiterate, their children, observing the parents, see that they somehow manage to live and adopt the idea that illiteracy isn't actually a bad thing. And since people develop most of their character during childhood, they choose to go with illiteracy.</li></li></ul><li>Another major effect of illiteracy is that, illiterate people believe in the said things easily. They do not investigate what was said or told to them. When looked at the pages of history, it can be seen that, while most uneducated people are slaves, guardians and assistants; people who are <br />educated are mostly kings, queens and sultans. They are not slaves because they wanted, but because people superior to them -in terms of education- made them so.<br /> All these significant results of illiteracy affect society in a bad way. So, illiteracy rates must be tried to cut down.<br />
CASE STUDY<br /><ul><li>Education plays a important role in everyone's life whether rich or poor. It helps in the progress of people and a person recognize his name through education . In the 21st century its importance has increased . But still about 26% of Indian population is still illiterate. There are many stories and one of the story is of Mohit.</li></li></ul><li>Now lets see what his father has to say.<br />
Blessed be childhood, which brings down something of heaven into the midst of our rough earthliness.--Henri Frédéric Amiel<br />Children have never been very good at listening to their elders, but they have never failed to imitate them. -James Baldwin<br />A child’s life is like a piece of paper on which every passerby leaves a mark.<br />Children speak in the field what they hear in the house. - Scottish Proverb<br />Children are our most valuable natural resource. - Herbert Hoover<br />A child's tear rends the heavens. - Yiddish Proverb<br />Every child comes with the message that God is not yet discouraged of man. - Rabindranath Tagore<br />Children are like wet cement. Whatever falls on them makes an impression. - Haim Ginott<br />
ADULT LITTERACY<br />We saw a statistic that startled us. We pay a lot of attention to statistics related to children’s ability to read. However, it’s not often that we pay as much attention to adult illiteracy, although we know it exists. The startling statistic stated that one out of every five adult residents, in a particular mid-western city, has difficulty in reading . <br />Of course, we know if students leave school they are unable to read, unless they seek further assistance, chances are they will become illiterate adults. However, it’s not every day that you hear discussions on the impact this may have on their children and how they’ll help them navigate through school. <br />
In order for children to become good readers, it’s important that we should not ignore parents who are unable to read. Many adults get their news and information from the television or radio . If you know an adult who is unable to read, or if you are an adult who is unable to read, there are many things that you can do in order to increase your skills and assist your child. <br />One should do some efforts to literate the society so that the coming future is bright. We spoke to many parents and tried to bring awareness about education.<br />Finally we were successful in educating some of the children in the locality situated near gomtinagar.<br />